Sobre a provável parafilia de Centrotinae Amyot & Serville (Homoptera, Membracidae)

About the probable paraphyly of Centrotinae Amyot & Serville (Homoptera, Membracidae)

Antônio José Creão-Duarte Sobre o autor

Resumo

An alternative proposition for the analysis of the diagnostic states of the pronotum in the Centrotinae and Membracinae (sensu Strümpel) is presented. In this analysis, a linear transformation series is proposed for this character, departing from the state found in Tolania Stal, 1858 changing to an intermediate state in Centrotinae, which is still treated as plesiomorphic when compared with the one found in Membracinae. The transformation series thus defined, clarifies the problems related to the monophyly of the Membracidae, which is herein supported by the state of pronotum previously used to define the Centrotinae. This later taxon is treated as paraphyletic. The monophyly of the Membracinae is unquestioned, but its sister group is still unknown. Finally, this analysis permitted the reinterpretation of several characters, previously treated as homoplasies, now as synapomorphies.

Phylogeny; Centrotinae; Membracidae; Homoptera


Phylogeny; Centrotinae; Membracidae; Homoptera

Sobre a provável parafilia de Centrotinae Amyot & Serville (Homoptera, Membracidae)

About the probable paraphyly of Centrotinae Amyot & Serville (Homoptera, Membracidae)

Antônio José Creão-Duarte

Departamento de Sistamática e Ecologia, Universidade Federal da Paraíba, 58059-900 João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brasil

ABSTRACT

An alternative proposition for the analysis of the diagnostic states of the pronotum in the Centrotinae and Membracinae (sensu Strümpel) is presented. In this analysis, a linear transformation series is proposed for this character, departing from the state found in Tolania Stal, 1858 changing to an intermediate state in Centrotinae, which is still treated as plesiomorphic when compared with the one found in Membracinae. The transformation series thus defined, clarifies the problems related to the monophyly of the Membracidae, which is herein supported by the state of pronotum previously used to define the Centrotinae. This later taxon is treated as paraphyletic. The monophyly of the Membracinae is unquestioned, but its sister group is still unknown. Finally, this analysis permitted the reinterpretation of several characters, previously treated as homoplasies, now as synapomorphies.

Key words: Phylogeny, Centrotinae, Membracidae, Homoptera

Texto completo disponível apenas em PDF.

Full text available only in PDF format.

Recebido em 01.II.1992; aceito em 20.V.1993.

  • AMYOT, C.J.B. & A. SERVILLE. 1843. Histoire naturelle des insectes Hémiptères, Deuxième partie. Homoptères, Homoptera Latr. Paris, Librairie Encylopédique de Roret, p. 455-676.
  • BUCKTON, G.B. 1903. A Monograph of Membracidae. London, Lovell Reeve & Co. Limited, 296p.
  • DEITZ, L.L. 1975. Classification of the higher categories of the New World treehoppers (Homoptera: Membracidae). North Carolina Agric. Exp. Sta. Tech. Bull. 225:1-177.
  • FUNKHOUSER, W.D. 1951. In: WYISMAN, P. Genera Insectorum: Homoptera family Membracidae, fasc. 208. Bruxelles, Luis Desmet-Vertenuil, 383p.
  • GODING, F.W. 1926. Classification of the Membracidae of America. Journ. New York Entomol. Soc. 34 (4): 295-317.
  • STRÜMPEL, H. 1972. Contribution to the Phylogeny of Membracidae Rafinesque (Homoptera: Auchenorhyncha). Zool. Jahrb. Syst. 99 (3): 313-407.

Datas de Publicação

  • Publicação nesta coleção
    06 Ago 2009
  • Data do Fascículo
    1992

Histórico

  • Aceito
    20 Maio 1993
  • Recebido
    01 Fev 1992
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