Notes on the last instar larva and pupa of Hemiargus hanno (Stoll) (Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae, Polyommatinae)

Abstract

Larvae of Hemiargus hanno (Stoll, 1790) (Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae, Polyommatinae) are for the first time reported to be attended under field conditions by ants of the formicine genus Brachymyrmex Mayr, 1868 (Myrmelachistini). Structural features of the last instar larva and pupa of H. hanno are described and illustrated with the aid of scanning electron microscopy (SEM).

Lycaenidae; Polyommatinae; Hemiargus; Brachymyrmex; immature stages; scanning electron microscopy; morphology; myrmecophily


Notes on the last instar larva and pupa of Hemiargus hanno (Stoll) (Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae, Polyommatinae)1 1 Contribution number 1241 of the Departamento de Zoologia, Universidade Federal do Parana. Partially supported by grants from FUNPAR/UFPR.

Marcelo DuarteI,II; Gisele Luziane de AlmeidaI,III; Mirna Martins CasagrandeI,II; Olaf H.H. MielkeI,II

IDepartamento de Zoologia, Universidade Federal do Parana. Caixa Postal 19020, 81531-990 Curitiba, Parana, Brasil. E-mail: lycaenidae@ig.com.br

IIFellowship from CNPq

IIIFellowship from CAPES

ABSTRACT

Larvae of Hemiargus hanno (Stoll, 1790) (Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae, Polyommatinae) are for the first time reported to be attended under field conditions by ants of the formicine genus Brachymyrmex Mayr, 1868 (Myrmelachistini). Structural features of the last instar larva and pupa of H. hanno are described and illustrated with the aid of scanning electron microscopy (SEM).

Key words: Lycaenidae, Polyommatinae, Hemiargus, Brachymyrmex, immature stages, scanning electron microscopy, morphology, myrmecophily.

Full text available only in PDF format.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS. We would like to thank Carlos Roberto F. Brandão for the identification of the ants, Daura R. Eiras-Stofella, Matilde Machado and Vera Regina F. Pionteke for helping with the SEM techniques, and Astrid Caldas, Gabriel A. R. Melo, Luciane Marinoni and Robert K. Robbins for comments and suggestions to the manuscript.

Recebido em 29.VI.2001; aceito em 19.X.2001.

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    Contribution number 1241 of the Departamento de Zoologia, Universidade Federal do Parana. Partially supported by grants from FUNPAR/UFPR.
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    1 Contribution number 1241 of the Departamento de Zoologia, Universidade Federal do Parana. Partially supported by grants from FUNPAR/UFPR.

    Publication Dates

    • Publication in this collection
      03 June 2009
    • Date of issue
      Dec 2001

    History

    • Accepted
      19 Oct 2001
    • Received
      29 June 2001
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