Estudo comparado do desenvolvimento de dois morfotipos larvais de Cochliomyia macellaria (Fabricius) (Diptera, Calliphoridae)

Comparative study of the development of two larvae morphotypes of Cochliomyia macellaria (Fabricius) (Diptera, Calliphoridae)

Resumo

The possible dissimilitudes relating to the duration of the egg incubation period and larval stage of Cochliomyia macellaria (Fab., 1775) from offsprings of females from larvae with and without pigmentation on Malpighi tubules, morphotype 1 and 2, respectively, was questioned. The experiment was conducted in climatized chamber regulated at 30ºC, 65±10% RH and 14 hour photophase. No significant difference was observed on average duration of first and second larval instars berween the two morphotypes, taking into account not only the conventional interpretation for the reading of different development phases of the larval stages (morphotype 1:11.0 and 11.9 hours and morphotype 2:11.7 and 12.7 hours for first and second instars, respectively), but also the reading made through the interpretation preconized by Snodgrass & Hinton (morphotype 1:10.3 and 9.6 hours and morphotype 2:9.8 and 10.8 hours for the first and second instars, respectively). The incubation period was significantly longer for eggs posited by females from non-pigmented larvae.

Secondary screwworm; blow fly; ontogeny; carrion-eating dipterous; necrophagous flies


Secondary screwworm; blow fly; ontogeny; carrion-eating dipterous; necrophagous flies

Estudo comparado do desenvolvimento de dois morfotipos larvais de Cochliomyia macellaria (Fabricius) (Diptera, Calliphoridae)1 1 Pesquisa desenvolvida com auxílio do CNPq.

Comparative study of the development of two larvae morphotypes of Cochliomyia macellaria (Fabricius) (Diptera, Calliphoridae)

Sandra L. Cunha-e-SilvaI; Eliane M.V. Milward-de-AzevedoII

IDepartamento de Estudos Básicos e Instrumentais, Universidade Estadual do Sudoeste da Bahia, 45700-000 Itapetinga, Bahia, Brasil

IIDepartamento de Biologia Animal, Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro, 23851-970 Itaguaí, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Bolsista do CNPq

ABSTRACT

The possible dissimilitudes relating to the duration of the egg incubation period and larval stage of Cochliomyia macellaria (Fab., 1775) from offsprings of females from larvae with and without pigmentation on Malpighi tubules, morphotype 1 and 2, respectively, was questioned. The experiment was conducted in climatized chamber regulated at 30ºC, 65±10% RH and 14 hour photophase. No significant difference was observed on average duration of first and second larval instars berween the two morphotypes, taking into account not only the conventional interpretation for the reading of different development phases of the larval stages (morphotype 1:11.0 and 11.9 hours and morphotype 2:11.7 and 12.7 hours for first and second instars, respectively), but also the reading made through the interpretation preconized by Snodgrass & Hinton (morphotype 1:10.3 and 9.6 hours and morphotype 2:9.8 and 10.8 hours for the first and second instars, respectively). The incubation period was significantly longer for eggs posited by females from non-pigmented larvae.

Key words: Secondary screwworm; blow fly; ontogeny, carrion-eating dipterous, necrophagous flies

Texto completo disponível apenas em PDF.

Full text available only in PDF format.

REFERÊNCIAS BIBLIOGRÁFICAS

BAUMGARTNER, D.L. & B. GREENBERG. 1985. Distribution and medical ecology of the blow flies (Diptera: Calliphoridae) of Peru. Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 78 (5): 565-587.

CUNHA-E-SILVA, S.L. 1990. Aspectos da biologia de Cochliomyia macellaria (Fabricius) (Diptera, Calliphoridae), sob condições de laboratório. Tese de Mestrado, não publicada, Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, 90p.

CUNHA-E-SILVA, S.L.; A.C.V. SANTOS & T. INADA. (no prelo). Observações de pigmentos nos túbulos de Malpighi em larvas de Cochliomyia macellaria (Fabr.) e C. hominivorax (Coq.) (Diptera, Callphoridae). An. Soc. Ent. Bras.

FERREIRA, M.J.M. 1983. Sinantropia de Calliphoridae (Diptera) em Goiânia, Goiás. Rev. Brasil. Biol. 43 (2): 199-210.

GUIMARÃES, J.H.; A.P. PRADO & A.X. LINHARES. 1978. Three newly introduced blowfly species in southern Brazil (Diptera, Calliphoridae). Revta bras. Ent. 22: 53-60.

GUIMARÃES, J.H.; A.P. PRADO & G.M. BURALLI. 1979. Dispersal and distribution of three newly introduced species of Chrysomya Robineau-Desvoidy in Brazil (Diptera, Calliphoridae). Revta bras. Ent. 23: 245-255.

HAMMACK, L. 1990. Protein feeding and oviposition effects on attraction of screwworm flies (Diptera, Calliphoridae) to host fluids. Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 83 (3): 97-102.

HANSKY, I. 1987. Nutritional ecology of dung and carrion feeding insects. In: F. SLANSKY JR. & J.G. RODRIGUES (ed.) Nutritional ecology if insects, mites, spiders and related Invertebrates. An: Overwiew, N.Y., 1016p.

HINTON, H.E. & J.M. MACKERRAS. 1970. Reproduction and metamorphosis, p. 83-104. In: CSIRO (ed.) The insects of Australia. A testbook for students and research workers. Carlton, Melbourne University Press, XIII +1029.

KNIPLING, E.F. 1939. A key for blowfly larvae concerned in wound and cutaneos myiasis. Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 32: 376-383.

LAAKE, E.W.; E.C. CUSHING & H.E. PARISH. 1936. Biology of the primary screwworm fly, Cochliomyia americana, and a comparison of it's stages with those of C. macellaria. USDA, Tech. Bull., Washington, 500: 24.

LIU, D. & B. GREENBERG. 1989. Immature stages of flies of forensic importance. Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 83 (1): 80-93.

SING, P. 1977. Artificial diet for insects, mites and spiders. N.Y., Plenum Press, 594p.

STEWART, M.A. 1934. The role of Lucilia sericata Meig. larvae in osteomyelitis wounds. Ann. Trop. Med. Parasi. 28: 445-460.

Recebido em 03.II.1992; aceito em 03.V.1993.

  • BAUMGARTNER, D.L. & B. GREENBERG. 1985. Distribution and medical ecology of the blow flies (Diptera: Calliphoridae) of Peru. Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 78 (5): 565-587.
  • CUNHA-E-SILVA, S.L. 1990. Aspectos da biologia de Cochliomyia macellaria (Fabricius) (Diptera, Calliphoridae), sob condições de laboratório. Tese de Mestrado, não publicada, Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, 90p.
  • CUNHA-E-SILVA, S.L.; A.C.V. SANTOS & T. INADA. (no prelo). Observações de pigmentos nos túbulos de Malpighi em larvas de Cochliomyia macellaria (Fabr.) e C. hominivorax (Coq.) (Diptera, Callphoridae). An. Soc. Ent. Bras.
  • FERREIRA, M.J.M. 1983. Sinantropia de Calliphoridae (Diptera) em Goiânia, Goiás. Rev. Brasil. Biol. 43 (2): 199-210.
  • GUIMARÃES, J.H.; A.P. PRADO & A.X. LINHARES. 1978. Three newly introduced blowfly species in southern Brazil (Diptera, Calliphoridae). Revta bras. Ent. 22: 53-60.
  • GUIMARÃES, J.H.; A.P. PRADO & G.M. BURALLI. 1979. Dispersal and distribution of three newly introduced species of Chrysomya Robineau-Desvoidy in Brazil (Diptera, Calliphoridae). Revta bras. Ent. 23: 245-255.
  • HAMMACK, L. 1990. Protein feeding and oviposition effects on attraction of screwworm flies (Diptera, Calliphoridae) to host fluids. Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 83 (3): 97-102.
  • HANSKY, I. 1987. Nutritional ecology of dung and carrion feeding insects. In: F. SLANSKY JR. & J.G. RODRIGUES (ed.) Nutritional ecology if insects, mites, spiders and related Invertebrates. An: Overwiew, N.Y., 1016p.
  • HINTON, H.E. & J.M. MACKERRAS. 1970. Reproduction and metamorphosis, p. 83-104. In: CSIRO (ed.) The insects of Australia. A testbook for students and research workers. Carlton, Melbourne University Press, XIII +1029.
  • KNIPLING, E.F. 1939. A key for blowfly larvae concerned in wound and cutaneos myiasis. Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 32: 376-383.
  • LAAKE, E.W.; E.C. CUSHING & H.E. PARISH. 1936. Biology of the primary screwworm fly, Cochliomyia americana, and a comparison of it's stages with those of C. macellaria. USDA, Tech. Bull., Washington, 500: 24.
  • LIU, D. & B. GREENBERG. 1989. Immature stages of flies of forensic importance. Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 83 (1): 80-93.
  • SING, P. 1977. Artificial diet for insects, mites and spiders. N.Y., Plenum Press, 594p.
  • STEWART, M.A. 1934. The role of Lucilia sericata Meig. larvae in osteomyelitis wounds. Ann. Trop. Med. Parasi. 28: 445-460.

  • 1
    Pesquisa desenvolvida com auxílio do CNPq.

Datas de Publicação

  • Publicação nesta coleção
    06 Ago 2009
  • Data do Fascículo
    1992

Histórico

  • Aceito
    03 Maio 1993
  • Recebido
    03 Fev 1992
Sociedade Brasileira de Zoologia Caixa Postal 19020, 81531-980 Curitiba PR Brasil, Tel./Fax: +55 41 3266-6823, - Curitiba - PR - Brazil
E-mail: sbz@bio.ufpr.br