Proposta de classificação da família Xanthidae (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura) através da taxonomia numérica

Proposal of classification of the family Xanthidae (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura) based on numerical taxonomy

Resumo

Several families were added in the past in order to constitute the Xanthidae, but the boundaries between Xanthidae, Parthenopidae and Goneplacidae were diluted, and the classification of some genera doubtful. By this reason was made the analysis of a typical genus of each subfamily occurring in Brazil. 50 characters were selected and coded as (0) for absence and (1) for presence. The data matrix was analysed by computer programs NTSYS and NMIX. The phenetic analysis shows the Xanthidae as a good family, but the cladistic one (Wagner tree) split them in four families: Carpiliidae, Xanthidae (with the subfamilies Menippinae, Platyxanthinae, Xanthinae and Eucratopsinae), Eriphiidae and Pilumnidae (with the subfamilies Trapeziinae and Pilumninae). Redescriptions and identifications keys for the proposed families and subfamilies are presented.

Brachyura; Xanthidae; systematic; numerical taxonomy


Brachyura; Xanthidae; systematic; numerical taxonomy

Proposta de classificação da família Xanthidae (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura) através da taxonomia numérica

Proposal of classification of the family Xanthidae (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura) based on numerical taxonomy

Petrônio Alves Coelho; Petrônio Alves Coelho Filho

Departamento de Oceanografia, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Av. Prof. Morais Rego, 50670-420 Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil. Bolsista do CNPq

ABSTRACT

Several families were added in the past in order to constitute the Xanthidae, but the boundaries between Xanthidae, Parthenopidae and Goneplacidae were diluted, and the classification of some genera doubtful. By this reason was made the analysis of a typical genus of each subfamily occurring in Brazil. 50 characters were selected and coded as (0) for absence and (1) for presence. The data matrix was analysed by computer programs NTSYS and NMIX. The phenetic analysis shows the Xanthidae as a good family, but the cladistic one (Wagner tree) split them in four families: Carpiliidae, Xanthidae (with the subfamilies Menippinae, Platyxanthinae, Xanthinae and Eucratopsinae), Eriphiidae and Pilumnidae (with the subfamilies Trapeziinae and Pilumninae). Redescriptions and identifications keys for the proposed families and subfamilies are presented.

Key words: Brachyura, Xanthidae, systematic, numerical taxonomy

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Full text available only in PDF format.

REFERÊNCIAS BIBLIOGRÁFICAS

ABELE, L.G. & W. KIN. 1986. An illustrated guide to the marine decapod crustaceans of Florida. State of Florida Departament of Environmental Regulation, Tallahassee (Techical Series), 8 (1).

ALCOCK, A. 1893. Materials for a carcinological fauna of India. 3. The Brachyura Cyclometopa. Part 1. The family Xanthidae. Jour. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, Calcutta, 67 (1):67-233.

BALLS, H. 1957. Decapoda. VIII. Systematic. In: H.G. BRONH (ed.). Klassen und Ordnungen des Tierreichs 5, Abteilung 1, 7 (12):1505-1672.

BENEDICT, J.E. & M.J. RATHBUN. 1891. The genus Panopeus. Proc. U. S. Mus., Washington, 14 (858):355-385.

BORRADAILE, L.A. 1907. On the classification of the decapod Crustaceans. Anns. & Mag. Nat. Hist, London, (7) 19:457-486.

CHACE jr., F.A.; J.J. McDERMOTT; P.A. McLAUGHLIN & R.B. MANNING. 1986. Order Decapoda (Shrimps. Lobsters and Crabs). In: W. STERER (ed.). Marine Fauna And Flora Of Bermuda. New York, Wiley-Interscience.

DANA, J.D. 1852. Crustacea. Part 1. In: United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838, 1839, 1840, 1841, 1842 under the Command of Charles Wilkes U. S. N., 13. Philadelphia.

FABRICIUS, J.C. 1781. Species insectorum exhibentes eorum differentias specificas, synonyma auctorum, loca natalia, metamorfhosis adjetis observationibus, descriptionibus. Hamburgi.

FRANSOZO, A. 1987. Desenvolvimento larval de Eriphia gonagra (Fabricius, 1781) (Decapoda, Xanthidae), em laboratório. Revta Bras. Zool., São Paulo, 4 (3):165-179.

GARTH, J.S. 1946. Littoral brachyuran fauna of the Galapagos Archipelago. Allan Hancock Pacific Expeditions 5 (10):341-601.

GUINOT, D. 1966. Recherches preliminaires sur les groupements naturels chez les crustacés décapodes brachyures. I. Les affinités des genres Aethra, Osachila, Hepatus, Hepatella et Actaeomorpha. Bull. Mus. Nat. d'Hist. Nat., Paris, (2) 38 (5):744-762.

______. 1967. Recherches preliminaires sur les groupements naturels chez les crustacés décapodes brachyures. I. Suite et fin. Bull. Mus. Nat. d'Hist. Nat., Paris, (2) 38 (6):828-843.

______. 1968. Recherches preliminaires sur les groupements naturels chez les crustacés décapodes brachyures. IV. Observations sur quelques genres de Xanthidae. Bull. Mus. Nat. d'Hist. Nat., Paris, (2) 39 (4):695-727 (1967).

______. 1968. Recherches preliminaires sur les groupements naturels chez les crustacés décapodes brachyures. VI. Les Carpiliinae. Bull. Mus. Nat. d'Hist. Nat., Paris, (2) 40 (2):320-334.

______. 1969. Recherches preliminaires sur les groupements naturels chez les crustacés décapodes brachyures. VII. Les Goneplacidae (suite et fin). Bull. Mus. Nat. d'Hist. Nat., Paris, (2) 41:688-714.

______. 1969. Sur divers Xanthidae, notamment sur Actaea de Haan et Paractaea Gen. Nov. (Crustacea Decapoda Brachyura). Cahiers du Pacifique 13:223-267.

______. 1976. Constitution de quelques groupes naturels chez les crustacés décapodes brachoures. I. La superfamille des Bellioidea et trois sous-famillies de Xanthoidea Xanthidae (Polydectinae Dana, Trichiinae de Haan, Actaeinae Alcock). Mém. Mus. Nat. d'Hist. Nat., Paris, n.s, 97 (A):1- 308.

______. 1977. Propositions pour une nouvelle classification des crustacés décapodes brachoures. Comptes rendues hebdomadaires des Scéances de la Academie de Sciences, Paris, sér. D, 285:1049-1052.

______. 1978. Principes d'une classification évolutive des crustacés décapodes brachoures. Bull. Biol. France Belgique, Paris, n.sér, 112 (3):211-293.

______. 1990. Établissement du genre Garthiope gen. nov., ses Relations Avec le Genre Coralliope Guinot, 1967, et Leurs Affinités Avec les Trapeziidae sensu lato (Crustacea Decapoda Brachyura). Bull. Mus. Nat. Hist. Nat., Paris, (12) sec. A, 12 (2):469-487.

DE HAAN, W. 1833-1850. Crustacea. In: P.F. VON SIEBOLD (ed.). Fauna japonica sive descriptio animalium, quae in itinere per Japonim, jussu et auspices superiorum, qui sumum in India Batava imperium tenent, suscepto, annis 1823-1830 collegit, notis, observationibus et adumbrationibus illustravit. Lugduni-Batavorum.

LATREILLE, P. A. 1817. Nouveau dictionaire d'histoire naturelle appliqué aux arts, à l'agriculture, à l'économie rural et domestique, à la medicine, etc.nouvelle édition presquàentirrement refondue et considérablement augmentée avec des figures tirées des trois régnes de la nature, 25:610p.

MAC LEAY, W.S. 1838. On the brachyurous decapod Crustacea brought from the Cape by Dr. Smith, p.53-71. In: Illustrations of the Annulosa of South Africa... London.

MARTIN, J.W. 1984. Notes and bibliography on the larvae of xanthid crabs, with a key to the known xanthid zoeas of the western Atlantic and gulf of Mexico. Bull. Marine Sci., Miami, 34 (2):220-239.

MARTIN, J.W. & L.G. ABELE. 1986. Notes on male pleopod morphology in the brachyuran crab family Panopeid Ortmann, 1893, sensu Guinot (1978) (Decapoda). Crustaceana, Leiden, 50 (2):182-198.

MIERS, E.J. 1886. Report on the Brachyura collected by H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873-76. In: Reports on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873-76, Zoology, 17.

MILNE EDWARDS, A. 1893. Monographie des crustacés fossilis de la famille des Cancériens. Ann. Sc. nat., Zoologie, Paris, 20 (A):273-384.

______. 1869. Description d'un nouveau genre de crustacécancérien. Ann. Soc. Ent. France, Paris, 9 (4):167-169.

MILNE EDWARDS, A. & BOUVIER, E. L. 1900. Crustacés Décapodes. I. Brachyures et anomures. In: Expéditions scientifiques du Travailleur et du Talisman pendant les années 1880, 1881, 1882, 1883. Paris, Masson.

MILNE EDWARDS, H. 1834. Histoire naturelle des crustacés, comprenant l'anatomie, la physiologie et la classification de ces animaux. 1. Paris, Libraire Encyclopedie de Roret.

NG, P.K.L. & G. RODRÍGUEZ. 1986. New records of Mimilambrus wileyi Williams, 1979 (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura) with notes on the systematics of the Mimilambridae Williams, 1979, and Parthenopidae MacLeay, 1838, sensu Guinot, 1978. Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 99 (1):88-99.

ORTMANN, A. 1893. Die Decapoden-Krebse des Strassburger Museums. VII. Abteilung Brachyura (Brachyura genuina Boas). II. Unterabteilung: Cancroidea, 2 Section: Cancrinea, 1. Gruppe: Cyclometopa. Zool. Jhrb., Berlin, 7:411-495.

RATHBUN, M.J. 1897. A revision of the nomenclature of the Brachyura. Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 11:153-167.

______. 1901. Results of the Branner-Agassiz Expedition to Brazil. I. The Decapoda and Stomatopoda Crustacea. Proc. Wash. Ac. Sc. 2:133-156.

______. 1901. The Brachyura and Macrura of Porto Rico. Bull. U.S. Fish Commission, Washington, 20 (2):1-127,129-137.

______. 1914. New genera and species of american brachyrhynchous crabs. Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., Washington, 47 (2047):117-129.

______. 1922. New species of crabs from Curacao. Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 35:103-104.

______. 1930. The cancroid crabs of America of the families Euryalidae, Portunidae, Atelecyclidae, Cancridae and Xanthidae. U.S. Nat. Mus. Bull., Washington, 152:1-609.

RICE, A.L. 1980. Crab zoeal morphology and its bearing on the classification of the Brachyura. Trans. Zool. Soc. London 35:271-424.

SAMOUELLE, G. 1819. The entomologist's useful compendium, or an introduction to the knowledge of british insects. London.

SMITH, S.I. 1869. Notes on new little known species of American Cancroid Crustacea. Proc. Bost. Soc. Nat. Hist. 12:274-289.

STIMPSON, W. 1857-1860. Prodromus descriptionis animalium evertebratorum, quae in expeditione ad Oceanum Pacificum Septentrionalem, a Republica Federata missa, Cadwaladaro Ringgold et Johanne Rodgers ducibus, observavit et descripsit. Proc. Ac. Nat. Sc. Philad. 9/12.

______. 1871. Preliminary report on the Crustacea dredged in the Gulf Stream in the straits of Florida. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard Coll., Cambridge, 2:109-160.

WILLIAMS, A.B. 1974. Allactaea lithostrota, a New Genus and Species of Crab (Decapoda: Xanthidae) from North Carolina, U.S.A. Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 87 (3):16-26.

______. 1984. Shrimps, lobsters and crabs of the atlantic coast of Eastern United States, Maine to Florida. Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press.

Recebido em 23.XI.1992; aceito em 21.II.1994.

  • ABELE, L.G. & W. KIN. 1986. An illustrated guide to the marine decapod crustaceans of Florida. State of Florida Departament of Environmental Regulation, Tallahassee (Techical Series), 8 (1).
  • ALCOCK, A. 1893. Materials for a carcinological fauna of India. 3. The Brachyura Cyclometopa. Part 1. The family Xanthidae. Jour. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, Calcutta, 67 (1):67-233.
  • BALLS, H. 1957. Decapoda. VIII. Systematic. In: H.G. BRONH (ed.). Klassen und Ordnungen des Tierreichs 5, Abteilung 1, 7 (12):1505-1672.
  • BENEDICT, J.E. & M.J. RATHBUN. 1891. The genus Panopeus. Proc. U. S. Mus., Washington, 14 (858):355-385.
  • BORRADAILE, L.A. 1907. On the classification of the decapod Crustaceans. Anns. & Mag. Nat. Hist, London, (7) 19:457-486.
  • CHACE jr., F.A.; J.J. McDERMOTT; P.A. McLAUGHLIN & R.B. MANNING. 1986. Order Decapoda (Shrimps. Lobsters and Crabs). In: W. STERER (ed.). Marine Fauna And Flora Of Bermuda. New York, Wiley-Interscience.
  • DANA, J.D. 1852. Crustacea. Part 1. In: United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838, 1839, 1840, 1841, 1842 under the Command of Charles Wilkes U. S. N., 13. Philadelphia.
  • FABRICIUS, J.C. 1781. Species insectorum exhibentes eorum differentias specificas, synonyma auctorum, loca natalia, metamorfhosis adjetis observationibus, descriptionibus. Hamburgi.
  • FRANSOZO, A. 1987. Desenvolvimento larval de Eriphia gonagra (Fabricius, 1781) (Decapoda, Xanthidae), em laboratório. Revta Bras. Zool., São Paulo, 4 (3):165-179.
  • GARTH, J.S. 1946. Littoral brachyuran fauna of the Galapagos Archipelago. Allan Hancock Pacific Expeditions 5 (10):341-601.
  • GUINOT, D. 1966. Recherches preliminaires sur les groupements naturels chez les crustacés décapodes brachyures. I. Les affinités des genres Aethra, Osachila, Hepatus, Hepatella et Actaeomorpha. Bull. Mus. Nat. d'Hist. Nat., Paris, (2) 38 (5):744-762.
  • ______. 1967. Recherches preliminaires sur les groupements naturels chez les crustacés décapodes brachyures. I. Suite et fin. Bull. Mus. Nat. d'Hist. Nat., Paris, (2) 38 (6):828-843.
  • ______. 1968. Recherches preliminaires sur les groupements naturels chez les crustacés décapodes brachyures. IV. Observations sur quelques genres de Xanthidae. Bull. Mus. Nat. d'Hist. Nat., Paris, (2) 39 (4):695-727 (1967).
  • ______. 1968. Recherches preliminaires sur les groupements naturels chez les crustacés décapodes brachyures. VI. Les Carpiliinae. Bull. Mus. Nat. d'Hist. Nat., Paris, (2) 40 (2):320-334.
  • ______. 1969. Recherches preliminaires sur les groupements naturels chez les crustacés décapodes brachyures. VII. Les Goneplacidae (suite et fin). Bull. Mus. Nat. d'Hist. Nat., Paris, (2) 41:688-714.
  • ______. 1969. Sur divers Xanthidae, notamment sur Actaea de Haan et Paractaea Gen. Nov. (Crustacea Decapoda Brachyura). Cahiers du Pacifique 13:223-267.
  • ______. 1976. Constitution de quelques groupes naturels chez les crustacés décapodes brachoures. I. La superfamille des Bellioidea et trois sous-famillies de Xanthoidea Xanthidae (Polydectinae Dana, Trichiinae de Haan, Actaeinae Alcock). Mém. Mus. Nat. d'Hist. Nat., Paris, n.s, 97 (A):1- 308.
  • ______. 1977. Propositions pour une nouvelle classification des crustacés décapodes brachoures. Comptes rendues hebdomadaires des Scéances de la Academie de Sciences, Paris, sér. D, 285:1049-1052.
  • ______. 1978. Principes d'une classification évolutive des crustacés décapodes brachoures. Bull. Biol. France Belgique, Paris, n.sér, 112 (3):211-293.
  • ______. 1990. Établissement du genre Garthiope gen. nov., ses Relations Avec le Genre Coralliope Guinot, 1967, et Leurs Affinités Avec les Trapeziidae sensu lato (Crustacea Decapoda Brachyura). Bull. Mus. Nat. Hist. Nat., Paris, (12) sec. A, 12 (2):469-487.
  • DE HAAN, W. 1833-1850. Crustacea. In: P.F. VON SIEBOLD (ed.). Fauna japonica sive descriptio animalium, quae in itinere per Japonim, jussu et auspices superiorum, qui sumum in India Batava imperium tenent, suscepto, annis 1823-1830 collegit, notis, observationibus et adumbrationibus illustravit. Lugduni-Batavorum.
  • LATREILLE, P. A. 1817. Nouveau dictionaire d'histoire naturelle appliqué aux arts, à l'agriculture, à l'économie rural et domestique, à la medicine, etc.nouvelle édition presquàentirrement refondue et considérablement augmentée avec des figures tirées des trois régnes de la nature, 25:610p.
  • MAC LEAY, W.S. 1838. On the brachyurous decapod Crustacea brought from the Cape by Dr. Smith, p.53-71. In: Illustrations of the Annulosa of South Africa... London.
  • MARTIN, J.W. 1984. Notes and bibliography on the larvae of xanthid crabs, with a key to the known xanthid zoeas of the western Atlantic and gulf of Mexico. Bull. Marine Sci., Miami, 34 (2):220-239.
  • MARTIN, J.W. & L.G. ABELE. 1986. Notes on male pleopod morphology in the brachyuran crab family Panopeid Ortmann, 1893, sensu Guinot (1978) (Decapoda). Crustaceana, Leiden, 50 (2):182-198.
  • MIERS, E.J. 1886. Report on the Brachyura collected by H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873-76. In: Reports on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873-76, Zoology, 17.
  • MILNE EDWARDS, A. 1893. Monographie des crustacés fossilis de la famille des Cancériens. Ann. Sc. nat., Zoologie, Paris, 20 (A):273-384.
  • ______. 1869. Description d'un nouveau genre de crustacécancérien. Ann. Soc. Ent. France, Paris, 9 (4):167-169.
  • MILNE EDWARDS, A. & BOUVIER, E. L. 1900. Crustacés Décapodes. I. Brachyures et anomures. In: Expéditions scientifiques du Travailleur et du Talisman pendant les années 1880, 1881, 1882, 1883. Paris, Masson.
  • MILNE EDWARDS, H. 1834. Histoire naturelle des crustacés, comprenant l'anatomie, la physiologie et la classification de ces animaux. 1. Paris, Libraire Encyclopedie de Roret.
  • NG, P.K.L. & G. RODRÍGUEZ. 1986. New records of Mimilambrus wileyi Williams, 1979 (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura) with notes on the systematics of the Mimilambridae Williams, 1979, and Parthenopidae MacLeay, 1838, sensu Guinot, 1978. Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 99 (1):88-99.
  • ORTMANN, A. 1893. Die Decapoden-Krebse des Strassburger Museums. VII. Abteilung Brachyura (Brachyura genuina Boas). II. Unterabteilung: Cancroidea, 2 Section: Cancrinea, 1. Gruppe: Cyclometopa. Zool. Jhrb., Berlin, 7:411-495.
  • RATHBUN, M.J. 1897. A revision of the nomenclature of the Brachyura. Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 11:153-167.
  • ______. 1901. Results of the Branner-Agassiz Expedition to Brazil. I. The Decapoda and Stomatopoda Crustacea. Proc. Wash. Ac. Sc. 2:133-156.
  • ______. 1901. The Brachyura and Macrura of Porto Rico. Bull. U.S. Fish Commission, Washington, 20 (2):1-127,129-137.
  • ______. 1914. New genera and species of american brachyrhynchous crabs. Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., Washington, 47 (2047):117-129.
  • ______. 1922. New species of crabs from Curacao. Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 35:103-104.
  • ______. 1930. The cancroid crabs of America of the families Euryalidae, Portunidae, Atelecyclidae, Cancridae and Xanthidae. U.S. Nat. Mus. Bull., Washington, 152:1-609.
  • RICE, A.L. 1980. Crab zoeal morphology and its bearing on the classification of the Brachyura. Trans. Zool. Soc. London 35:271-424.
  • SAMOUELLE, G. 1819. The entomologist's useful compendium, or an introduction to the knowledge of british insects. London.
  • SMITH, S.I. 1869. Notes on new little known species of American Cancroid Crustacea. Proc. Bost. Soc. Nat. Hist. 12:274-289.
  • STIMPSON, W. 1857-1860. Prodromus descriptionis animalium evertebratorum, quae in expeditione ad Oceanum Pacificum Septentrionalem, a Republica Federata missa, Cadwaladaro Ringgold et Johanne Rodgers ducibus, observavit et descripsit. Proc. Ac. Nat. Sc. Philad. 9/12.
  • ______. 1871. Preliminary report on the Crustacea dredged in the Gulf Stream in the straits of Florida. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard Coll., Cambridge, 2:109-160.
  • WILLIAMS, A.B. 1974. Allactaea lithostrota, a New Genus and Species of Crab (Decapoda: Xanthidae) from North Carolina, U.S.A. Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 87 (3):16-26.
  • ______. 1984. Shrimps, lobsters and crabs of the atlantic coast of Eastern United States, Maine to Florida. Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press.

Datas de Publicação

  • Publicação nesta coleção
    22 Jul 2009
  • Data do Fascículo
    1993

Histórico

  • Aceito
    21 Fev 1994
  • Recebido
    23 Nov 1992
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