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Morphology of the quitinized structures related to the spermatheca of Muscidae (Insecta, Diptera)

Abstract

Little is known about the morphology of the quitinized structures related to the spermatheca of Muscidae (Diptera). Most papers illustrate only the spermatheca, which shape has little systematic significance when analyzed as a separate character. The analysis of these structures in 16 Muscidae species, made it possible to clarify and understand some characters, which can be used in further phylogenetic analysis. The species selected to this study belong to different sub-families: Muscinae, Muscini: Biopyrellia bipuncta (Wiedemann, 1830); Musca domestica Linnaeus, 1758; Azeliinae, Reinwardtini: Philornis univitattus Dodge, 1968; Cyrtoneurininae: Charadrella malacophaga Lopes, 1938; Cyrtoneurina polystigma (Wulp, 1896); Neomuscina neosimilis Snyder, 1949; Mydaeinae: Brontaea debilis (Williston, 1896); Graphomyia mexicana Giglio-Tos, 1893; Mydaea plaumani Snyder, 1941; Scutellomusca marginata (Albuquerque, 1954); Phaoninae: Dolichophaonia gallicola (ALbuquerque, 1958); Phaonia nigriventris (Albuquerque, 1954); Coenosiinae, Limnophorini: Limnophora saeva (Wiedemann, 1830); Coenosiini: Coenosia camorinensis Albuquerque, 1956 and Neodexiopsis paulistensis Albuquerque, 1956. The structures were described based on seven diagnostic characters.

Muscidae; morphology; spermatheca


Morphology of the quitinized structures related to the spermatheca of Muscidae (Insecta, Diptera)

Márcia Souto Couri

Departamento de Entomologia, Museu Nacional. Quinta da Boa Vista, São Crsitóvão, 20940-040 Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Fellow of the CNPq

ABSTRACT

Little is known about the morphology of the quitinized structures related to the spermatheca of Muscidae (Diptera). Most papers illustrate only the spermatheca, which shape has little systematic significance when analyzed as a separate character. The analysis of these structures in 16 Muscidae species, made it possible to clarify and understand some characters, which can be used in further phylogenetic analysis. The species selected to this study belong to different sub-families: Muscinae, Muscini: Biopyrellia bipuncta (Wiedemann, 1830); Musca domestica Linnaeus, 1758; Azeliinae, Reinwardtini: Philornis univitattus Dodge, 1968; Cyrtoneurininae: Charadrella malacophaga Lopes, 1938; Cyrtoneurina polystigma (Wulp, 1896); Neomuscina neosimilis Snyder, 1949; Mydaeinae: Brontaea debilis (Williston, 1896); Graphomyia mexicana Giglio-Tos, 1893; Mydaea plaumani Snyder, 1941; Scutellomusca marginata (Albuquerque, 1954); Phaoninae: Dolichophaonia gallicola (ALbuquerque, 1958); Phaonia nigriventris (Albuquerque, 1954); Coenosiinae, Limnophorini: Limnophora saeva (Wiedemann, 1830); Coenosiini: Coenosia camorinensis Albuquerque, 1956 and Neodexiopsis paulistensis Albuquerque, 1956. The structures were described based on seven diagnostic characters.

Key words: Muscidae, morphology, spermatheca.

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ACKNOWLEDGMENTS. I am grateful to Dr. Jorge Artigas (Universidad de Concepción, Chile), to Dr. Claudio José Barros de Carvalho (Universidade Federal de Curitiba, Paraná, Brasil) and to Profa Valeria Cid Maia (Museu Nacional, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro), to the first for showing the dissections technics and to all of them for the critics in manuscript. I am also grateful to Luiz Antonio Alves Costa (Museu Nacional) for the drawings final art.

Recebido em 27.III.1997; aceito em 13.VII.1998.

  • 1
    ARTIGAS, J.N. 1971. Las estructuras quitinizadas de la spermatheca y funda del pene de los asilidios y su valor sistematico a traves del studio por taxonomia numerica (Diptera, Asilidae). Gayana Zoologia 18:1-106.
  • ______. 1990. Studies of Mydidae. V. Phylogenetic and biogeographic notes. Key to the american genera and illustrations of spermatheca. Gayana Zoologia 54:87-116.
  • ARTIGAS, J.N. & N. PAPAVERO. 1990. The american genera of Asilidae (Diptera): keys for identification with an atlas of female spermatheca and other morphological details. 5. Sub-family Stidropogoninae G. H. Hardy. Boletim Sociedad Biologique de Concepcion 61:39-47.
  • 4
    ARTIGAS, J.N.; N. PAPAVERO & T. PIMENTEL. 1988. The american genera of Asilidae (Diptera): keys for identification with an atlas of female spermatheca and other morphological details. 4. Key to the genera of Laphriinae Macquart (except tribe Atomosiini Hermann), with the descriptions of three new tribes and five new species. Boletim do Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi, nova série Zoologia, 4 (2):211-256.
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  • MCALPINE, J.F. 1981. Morphology and terminology - adults, p. 9-63. In: J.F. MCALPINE; B.V. PETERSON; G.E. SHEWELL; H.J. TESKEY; J.R. VOCKEROTH & D.M. WOOD (Eds). Manual of Neartic Diptera. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, Monograph No. 27, Vol. 1, 1-647.
  • NAGATOMI, A. & N. LIU. 1995. Spermatheca and female terminalia of Pantophthalmidae and Xylophagidae s.lat. (Diptera). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 88 (5):604-623.
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Publication Dates

  • Publication in this collection
    10 July 2009
  • Date of issue
    1998

History

  • Accepted
    13 July 1998
  • Received
    27 Mar 1997
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