Abstract in English:The species of the tribe Paracolletini are presented as the first part of a commented catalog of Colletidae bees, frora the Neotropical Region. The geographic distribution, flowers, biological behaviour, taxonomy, type locality and depositary museums are mentioned, bibliographic information are given for each species and a new genus, Actenosigynes, is proposed to Leioproctus (L.) fidvoniger Michener, 1989.
Abstract in English:The following ones are considered as new species, from Brasil: Tetrapedia albodecorata (Óbidos, Pará); T. bipartita (Ouro Preto d'Oeste, Rondônia); T. garofaloi (Cajurú, São Paulo); T. helvola (Cáceres, Mato Grosso); T. hemileuca (Tefé, Amazonas); T. hypoleuca (Santa Teresa, Espírito Santo); T. imitalrix (Ouro Preto d'Oeste, Rondônia); T. melampoda (Imperatriz, Maranhão); T. spanosticta (Itajubá, Minas Gerais); T. xanthorrhina (Vila Bela, Mato Grosso); from Paraguay: T. nigropilosa (Colônia Carlos Pfannel, Guayrá); and from Argentina, T. pulchella (San Pedro Colalau, Tucumán). Some notes are added on T. alfkeni Cockerell, 1914 and on T. basalis Smith, 1879.
Abstract in English:New combinations, notes, synonymy and redescriptions of some Neotropical Halictidae bees described by Vachal (1911), are given, and a new genus Vachalias is proposed to accommodate Haliclus cosmetor Vachal, 1911. The following species of Halictus: engys Vachal, 1911, liaspis Vachal, 1911 and rohdei Vachal, 1911 are transfered to Augochlora (Augochlora) Smith, 1853; H. levinasis Vachal, 1911 is a synonym of Augochlorella striala (Pmvzmcher, 1888); H. xanthogastris Vachal, 1911 belongs to Habralictus, H. myrrhites Vachal, 1911 to Pereirapis and H. psoraspis Vachal, 1911 to Ceraialiclus. Some notes are made on the specimens of Pereirapis simotes Vachal, 1911. Haliclus psorops Vachal, 1911 is included as a synonym in Ceratalictus clonius (Brèthes, 1909) and also Oxystoglossa theia Schrottky, 1910 and Oxystoglossa thalia pauloensis Schrottky, 1910. Halictus selloi Vachal, 1911 belongs to Augochloropsis (Augochloropsis). The lectotypes are designated for the following species: Halictus simotes and H. cosmetor.
Abstract in English:Eumorpha danielis (Schrottky, 1907) and Centris nigrita var. raymondi Schrottky, 1907, are trasferred to Euplusia Moure, 1943 and validated as Euplusia danielis and Euplusia raymondi comb.n.. Specimens from Santa Isabel do Morro, Ilha do Bananal, Tocantins, and from Santarém and Cachimbo, Pará, are described as Euplusia danielis fuscatra subsp.n., Euplusia fragocara Kimsey, 1977, was discovered in Ouro Preto d'Oeste, Rondônia; its female shows bluish colors as E. caerulaescens (Lepeletier, 1841), and E. violacea (Blanchard, 1840). The true meaning of E. smaragdina (Perty, 1833) as different from E. surinamensis (Linnaeus, 1758) is restored according to the study of the type specimen in Munich, Germany. E. xantha Kimsey, 1977 is a new synonym of E. vidua Moure, 1976. The following species from Brasil are described as new: Euplusia faceta from Mucujé, Bahia, Euplusia nordestina from Santa Luzia, Paraiba, and Euplusia velutina from Mérida, Northwestern Venezuela.
Abstract in English:Friese (1916) described Parapsaenythia flavescens, changing the name to P. argentina. This species is a Colletidae, Paracolletini and belongs in Eulonchopria Brèthes, 1909, and a new combination Eulonchopria flavescens (Friese, 1916) is proposed. The second species apparently was not described: it is a Panurgini and here described as Friesina carinulata gen.n. and sp.n.. At Berlin Museum Psaenythia bernardinensis syn.n., decribed by Strand (1910), from Paraguay, is the male of' Eulonchropiaparaguayen-sis Brèthes, 1909, syn.n.
Abstract in English:The bees described as Panurginus Nylander, 1848, from southern South America and deposited in the Museum Humboldt, Berlin, were studied. Seven species were redescribed and trans-ferred to the genus Panurgillus Schlindwein & Moure, 1998: P. aeneiventris (Friese, 1908),P. brunneicornis (Strand, 1910), P.paraguayanus (Strand, 1910), P. pauloensis (Friese, 1916), P. saltensis (Friese, 1908), P. solani (Ducke, 1912) e P. steinbachi (Friese, 1916). A key for the identification of the 21 known species of the genus is included. Panurginus flaviceps Friese, 1916 and P. saltensis var. nigroclypeata Friese, 1908 described by Friese are synonyms of Anthrenoides meridionalis (Schrottky, 1906). Panurginus laticeps Friese, 1916 belongs to Cephalurgus Moure & Oliveira, 1962 and P. nigriceps Friese is a species of Bicolletes Friese, 1908 (Colletidae, Paracolletini).
Abstract in English:New species of the Neotropical genus Anthodioctes Holmberg, 1903 are described: A. xilitlae sp.n. from México; A. salvatoris sp.n. from El Salvador; A. costaricensis sp.n. from Costa Rica; A. chiribogae sp.n. from Equador; A. argentinus sp.n. and A. angelicae sp.n. from Argentina; A. navarroi sp.n. from Bolivia; and A. camargoi sp.n., A. cerradicola sp.n., A. claudii sp.n., A. gracilis sp.n., A. langei sp.n., A. manauara sp.n., A. meridionalis sp.n., A. moratoi sp.n., A. santosi sp.n., A. sioneii sp.n., A. speciosus sp.n. and A. vilhenae sp.n. from Brazil. The lectotype of A. calcaratus (Friese, 1921) is designated. Some descriptive and taxono-mic notes on/f. callorhinus (Cockerell, 1927), A. indescriptus (Dalla Torre, 1890), A. mapirensis (Cockerell, 1927), A. megachiloides Holmberg, 1903, A. psaenythioides Holmberg, 1903, A Kf///(Schwarz, 1933) and A. veraon/ae(Schrottky, 191 l)aregiven and a key to the studied species is proposed.
Abstract in English:By the first time is reported the oceurrence of a gynandro-morph of Alloscirtetica brethesi, collected together with normal males and females.
Abstract in English:Lophothygater aculeata sp.n., Lophothygater nigrita sp.n. and Pachysvastra flavofasciata sp.n. are described and the diagnosis of the female of Dasyhalonia phaeoptera is given.
Abstract in English:The subgenus Hoplostelis (Austrostelis), proposed by Michener and Griswold (1994), is here raised up to the genus levei: Austrostelis stat.n. The following nomenclatural changes are introduced: Austrostelis catamarcensis (Schrottky, 1909) comb.n. (= Dianthidium nudum Schrottky, 1909syn.n. = Ste/i4-a//e«aCockerell, 1919syn.n. = Stelis argentina Friese, 1925 syn.n. = Stelis magna Friese, 1925 syn.n.); Austrostelis iheringi (Schrottky, 1910) comb.n.; Austrostelis zebrala (Schrottky, 1905) comb.n. Lectotypes are designated for: Dianthidium catamarcense Schrottky, 1909, Dianthidium iheringi Schrottky, 1910, Dianthidium nudum Schrottky, 1909, and Dianthidium zebratum Schrottky, 1905. A key for species and illustrations are also provided.
Abstract in English:Aglaenita Spinola and A. bipunctata Spinola are redescribed; the geographic distribution of the species is widened to Brazil (Mato Grosso). The taxonomic position of Aglaenita is also altered, now considered as belonging to Neocoelidiinae. The correct spelling of the generic name is discussed.
Abstract in English:The tribe Micrutalini and its two genera, Trachytalis Fowler and Micrutalis Fowler, are redescribed. The following species are treated and, in some cases, nomenclatura! changes introduced: Trachytalis isabellina Fowler, 1895; T. distinguenda Fowler, 1895; T. retrofasciata (Lethierry, 1890), comb.n.; Micrutalis alrovena Goding, 1930; M. balteata (Fairmaire, 1846) = Aculalis lucidus Buckton, 1902, syn.n.; M. bella Goding, 1929; M. biguttula (Fairmaire, 1846), comb.n.; M. binaria (Fairmaire, 1846) = Acutalis flavivenlris Lethierry, 1890, syn.n.; M. callan-gensis Goding, 1930; M. calva (Say, 1830); M. discalis (Walker, 1858); M. dorsalis (Fitch, 1851); M. dubia Fowler, 1895 = M. zeteki Goding, 1928, syn.n.; M. flava Goding, 1929; M. flavozonala (Fairmaire, 1846), comb.n. = Acutalis geniculata Stál, 1862, syn.n. = Acutalis modesta Stál, 1862, syn.n.; M. godfreyi Sakakibara, 1976; M. incerla Sakakibara, 1976; M. lata Goding, 1930; M. litlerala (Fairmaire, 1846), comb.n.;M lugubrina(Stál, 1862);M malleiferaFovj]er, 1895 = M binariamutabilis Fowler, 1895, syn.n.; M. minutus Buckton, 1902; M. nigrolineata (Stál, 1864); M. nigromarginata Funkhouser, 1940; M. notalipennis Fowler, 1895; M. occidentalis (Goding, 1893); M. pollens Fowler, 1895; M. parva (Goding, 1893); M. plagíala (Stál, l&62) = AcutalisvariabiIisBerg, 1879,syn.n. =M. chapadensisGoding, 1930,syn.n.; M. punctifera (Walker, 1858); M. semialba (Stál, 1862); M. stipulipennis Buckton, 1902; M. tau Goding, 1930; M. trifurcala Goding, 1893; M. tripunctata (Fairmaire, 1846) = Acutalis moesta Stál, 1859, syn.n. = M. tartaredoides Goding, 1930, syn.n.. New species: Micrutalis diminuta sp.n. (Ecuador, Pichincha); Micrutalis divisa sp.n. (Brazil, Mato Grosso); Micrutalis henki sp.n. (Panama, Canal Zone); Micrutalis infúscala sp.n. (Venezuela, Portuguesa); Micrutalis margínala sp.n. (Brazil, Mato Grosso); Micrutalis meridana sp.n. (Venezuela, Mérida); Micrutalis mucuya sp.n. (Venezuela, Mérida); Micrutalis robustula sp.n. (Venezuela, Caracas); M. seminigra sp.n. (Brazil, Paraná); Micrutalis turriba sp.n. (Costa Rica, Turrialba). Lectotypes are designated for: Acutalis balteata Fairmaire, 1846, Aculalis binaria Fairmaire, 1846, Acutalis flavozonala Fairmaire, 1846, una Acutalis tripunctata Fairmaire, 1846. New taxonomic position: Micrutalis melanogramma (Petty, 1833) is transferred to Melu-sinella Metcalf, 1952 (Ceresini) - Melusinella melanogramma (Petty, 1833), comb.n. = Melusinella nervosa (Fairmaire, 1846), syn.n.. Species incertae sedis: Tragopa ephippium Burmeister, 1836.
Abstract in English:The life expectancy of Sarconesia chlorogaster (Wiedemann, 1830) reared in artificial diet and controlled temperatures chamber set at 27±1oC, 70±10% RH and 12 hours of photophase was analysed using entropy (H). Entropy (H) was used to quantify the distribuition of deaths between ages and then quantify the impact of mortality on life expectancy. The entropy values obtained for males (H=0,245) and females (H=0,299) were intermediary between the theoretical values of H=0,5 and H=0 suggesting a tendency toward rectangular distribuitions in both sexes. The effect of mortality across ali ages on expectation of life was different at each age. For males the highest values were found between days 10 and 20 and between days 15 and 25 for females. This íindings imply that small changes in female mortality will have a greater impact on female life expectancy than will have on male expectation of life.
Abstract in English:A list of Nymphalidae (Charaxinae) described by Mário Rosa (supplement); Zygaenidae by A. M. da Costa Lima, Saturniidae (Hemileucinae) by A. Mabilde (supplement), Castniidae by L. Pfeiffer, and Arctiidae (Pericopinae) by O. Monte, with repositories of their types are presented. Lectotypes are designated for Dirphia glauca Mabilde, 1986 and Casínia pellonia catenigra Pfeiffer, 1917.
Abstract in English:The following new species are described and illustrated: A. crassipunctatus sp.n. from Venezuela (Bolivar) and Brazil (Distrito Federal), and A. taeniopygus sp.n. from Brazil (Mato Grosso).
Abstract in English:Two new species of Agudus Oman ave described: A. miriamae sp.n. and A. pillosus sp.n., both fvom Brazil.
Abstract in English:A morphological study of the adult and the immature stages of Lamprosoma azureum Germar, 1824 is presented. The immature stages are described for the first time. Morphological information is discussed and new data included. The immature stages of Lamprosoma azureum are compared with those of L. bicolor Kirby, 1818, L. chorisiae Monrós, 1948, Oomorphoides cupreatus Ba\y, 1873 and O. nigrocoerulus Baly, 1873.
Abstract in English:The activities were performed at a preserved forest named "Capão da Imbuia", in the urban area of Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil, during march/1990 till march march/1991. The tree holes studied, showed different features: soil distance, area and volume. 303 immatures forms from seven specie of Culicidae were caught: Haemagogus (Conopostegus) leucocelaenus (Dyar & Shannon, 1924), Culex (Culex) acharistus Root, 1927, Toxorhynchites (Lynchiella) theobaldi (Dyar & Knab, 1906), Culex (Culex) eduardoi Casal & Garcia, 1968, Culex (Culex) quinque-fasciatus Say, 1823, Aedes (Protomacleaya) terrens (Walker, 1856). Two species were the most frequent: Haemagogus (C.) leucocelaenus and Toxorhynchites (L.) theobaldi, both of them had the higlest medias during spring and summer. These species were in overposition during the caughts.
Abstract in English:In this study carried out in the Caetetus Ecological Station, Sao Paulo, southeastern Brazil, a wild group of black lion tamarins was accompanied during 1989 to 1991, to analyse the dietary habits of the species. The scan sampling method was used to gather data. A total of 961 behaviors were recorded, of which feeding occupied 23.3% of the time involved in the behaviors. The major dietary components observed in the black lion tamarins were fruits, tree exudates and animal preys (67.9%, 22.8% and 8.9% respectively). Fruits varied monthly from 47.4 to 97.1 %, being consumed more during the rainy season, while tree exudates varied from 0 to 54.7%, and were consumed mainly during the dry season. The animal prey accounted for 0 to 15.8% of the diet. The most important dietary resource for the black lion tamarins was the fruit of Syagrus romanzoffiana Glass., representing 29.9% of the foraging observations. The diet exhibited pronounced differences among dry and rainy seasons, presumably as a consequence of the food shortage of fruits during dry season.
Abstract in English:Chariergus White, 1855 is interpreted based on C. tabidus (Klug, 1825) (type species designated by Thomson, 1864). Allopeba gen.n. is proposed for A. paranaensis (Napp & Reynaud, 1998) comb.n. (type species), A. signaticornis (Lucas, 1857) comb.n. and A. quadri-punctata (Lucas, 1857) comb.n. Rierguscha Viana, 1970 and its species are redescri-bed. The morphology of Chariergus tabidus (Klug, 1825) and Allopeba signaticornis (Lucas, 1857), including the mouth pieces, endostemites, wing venation and male and female terminalia, is presented. Key for the genera and species is added.
Abstract in English:Woodlice were reared in laboratory in the environmental climate of the city of Curitiba, Brazil, with the purpose of getting to know the process of formation of oostegites. Two kinds of cultivation were adopted: natural populations to be controlled were kept in small glass aquariums resembling the natural environment; and, new-bom woodlice were raised each one isolated in small plastic receptacles, with a special diet until two years old or over. When adults, after recognizing their sexes, males and females were put together to copulate during one or more days, and some of the females were fertilized. After 30 days, the fertilized females realized ecdise and acquired oostegites. The complete process (copulation, fecundation, incubation and birth) occurred between 25 and 50 days. The females fertilized only once produced one or more broods, each brood varying from 10 to 30 youngs. The spermatic mass reserved in the seminal receptacle depleted after having realized one, two or, rarely, three broods; the females without sperm in the receptacle realized ecdise, lost oostegites and got again virginal aspect. Females in such condition, kept alone, isolated from males have never acquire oostegites again. Otherwise, in contact with males, once fertilized they realized ecdise and acquired new oostegites. The authors have concluded that the oostegites only are formed because of the received sperm and its continuity depends on the sperm accumulated in the seminal receptacle, for more than one brood.
Abstract in English:Nicolea venustula (Montagu, 1818) is a new record to the southern brazilian coast. A description, ilustrations and a taxonomic discussion is given.