Revista Brasileira de Zoologia, Volume: 18, Issue: 1, Published: 2001
  • Catalogue of the Apoidea of the Neotropical region (Hymenoptera, Colletidae): II. diphaglossinae

    Urban, Danúncia; Moure, Jesus Santiago

    Abstract in English:

    The tribes Caupolicanini, Diphaglossini and Dissoglottini, and its genera are presented. Taxonomical comments, geographical occurrences, flowers visited, type localities and depositary museums are mentioned. Genus status is given for Alayoapis Michener, 1966. The following type-specimens are designated as lectotypes: Bicornelia aterrima Friese, 1925; Bicornelia sericata Friese, 1925; Caupolicana curvipes Friese, 1898; Caupolicana fuhicollis Spinola 1851; Caupolicana interrupta Perez, 1911; Caupolicana mystica Schrottky, 1902; Caupolicana mystica baeriana Vachal, 1904; Caupolicana niveofasciata Friese, 1898; Caupolicana rufipes Friese, 1904; Caupolicana weyrauchi Moure, 1953; Megacilissa albofimbriata Cameron, 1903; Megacilissa magrettii Friese, 1899; Megacilissa olivacea Friese, 1898; Megacilissa (Ptiloglossa) tarsata Friese, 1900; Megacilissa tomentosa Friese, 1898; Ptiloglossa chalybaea Friese, 1906; Ptiloglossa cyaniventris Friese, 1925; Ptiloglossa ducalis buchwaldi Friese, 1908; Ptiloglossa eburnea Friese, 1904; Ptiloglossa goffergei Moure, 1953; Ptiloglossa obscura Friese, 1908; Ptiloglossa ochracea Friese, 1906; Ptiloglossa willinki Moure, 1953; Ptiloglossa (Megacilissa) zikani Friese, 1925 and Ptiloglossidia fallax Moure, 1953. The following ones are recognized as new synonyms: Caupolicana albicollis Smith, 1906, syn. n. Caupolicana mystica Schrottky, 1902; Caupolicana interrupta Perez, 1911, syn. n. Caupolicana adusta Friese, 1899; Caupolicana mystica baeriana Vachal, 1904, syn. n. Caupolicana lugubris Smith, 1879; Megacilissa albofimbriata Cameron, 1903, syn.n. Caupolicana niveofasciata Friese, 1898 and Megacilissa superba Smith, 1853, syn.n. Caupolicana fuhicollis Spinola, 1851. The following ones are recognized as new combinations: Alayoapis nigrescens (Cresson, 1869); Alayoapis notabilis (Smith, 1861); Alayoapis subaurata (Cresson, 1869); Foersterapis foersteri (Moure & Seabra, 1962) and Ptiloglossa tenuimarginata (Smith, 1879); and, as reinstated combinations: Bicornelia inusitata Snelling, 1980; Bicornelia longitarsis Friese, 1925; Bicornelia serrata Friese, 1899; Zikanapis clypeata (Smith, 1879); Zikanapis funeraria Moure, 1964; Zikanapis megalopta Moure, 1948; Zikanapis modesta Moure, 1964; Zikanapis seabrai Moure, 1953; Zikanapis tucumana (Moure, 1945); Zikanapis zikani (Friese, 1925) and Willinkapis chalybaea (Friese, 1906).
  • Seasonal distribution and reproduction of Neocorbicula limosa (Maton) (Bivalvia, Corbiculidae) in the Guaíba Lake, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

    Focht, Teimo; Veitenheimer-Mendes, Inga L.

    Abstract in English:

    Neocorbicula limosa (Maton, 1811) is the only species of that South American genus that occurs in the hydrographic basins of Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. Seasonal quantitative collections between 1995 and 1996 in the lake Guaiba were accomplished, with the aim to know the reproductive dynamics and environmental preferences of populations of N. limosa. A substratum constituted by medium to coarse sands at an 'average depth around 2m shown to be favorable to installation of population of N. limosa. The largest population density (2.496 ind./m²) was registered in summer. Embryos at various development phases were registered inside individuals. The shell sizes of these individuals started from 8mm in length. The embryo's size could reach ¼ of the shell-mother's size, and their liberation occurs through the rupture of the gills.
  • Biological informations and ideal size estimation of hives for the stingless bees of Maranhão (Melipona compressipes fasciculata, Smith - Hymenoptera, Apidae)

    Kerr, Warwick Estevam; Petrere Jr., Miguel; Diniz Filho, José Alexandre Felizola

    Abstract in English:

    Four places in Latin-America have Melipona Illiger, 1806 beekeeping: Mexico, with M. beecheii Bennet, 1831; Northeast Brasil, with M. scutellaris Latreille, 1811; Maranhão State (Brazil) with M. compressipes fasciculata Smith, 1854; Venezuela, in her coast, with M. favosa (Fabricius, 1798). Natural colonies of M. compressipes fasciculata occupied tree holes ranging from 6,5 to 24 1. The average honey production of 60 colonies in hives with capacity of 50.2 1, 41.0, 30.2, 16.5 and 6.2 were respectively 8.4, 6.5, 5.5, 3.3 and 2.0 Kg. Due to lack of bee flowers within the city limits, hives with a volume of 27 1 (30x30x30 cm) were used successfully in our future experiments with M. compressipes fasciculata instead of the ideal size of 40 to 50 liters, since the intense use of biological material did not allow the colonies to reach large sizes.
  • Natural feeding of Xiphopenaeus kroyeri (Heller) (Crustacea, Decapoda) in the Armação do Itapocoroy, Penha, Santa Catarina

    Branco, Joaquim Olinto; Moritz Júnior, Heder Cassiano

    Abstract in English:

    The feeding of X. kroyeri (Heller, 1862) was analyzed during the period from August/98 to July/99 using the frequency of occurrence, frequency of points and feeding index methods. The species presents a broad trophic specter and diversified, composed by 30 items: Gammaridae, organic matter, Acetes americanus, Polychaeta, Globigerina and Osteichthyes were the most explored items.
  • Loyolanthidium gen. n. and three new neotropical species (Hymenoptera, Megachilidae)

    Urban, Danúncia

    Abstract in English:

    Loyolanthidium gen. n. (type species: Anthidium apicale Cresson, 1878) is proposed to accommodate the western hemisphere species hitherto placed by the authors in Anthidiellum Cockerell, 1904. Three new species are described: Loyolanthidium bolivianum sp. n. (from Bolívia), Loyolanthidium azteca sp. n. and Loyolanthidium xilitlense sp. n. (both from México). The following nomenclatural changes are introduced: Loyolanthidium apicale (Cresson, 1878) comb. n. = Anthidium albopilosum Friese, 1910 syn. n. = Anthidium auricolle Friese, 1921 syn. n.; Loyolanthidium ehrhorni (Cockerell, 1900) comb, n.; Loyolanthidium gilense (Cockerell, 1897) comb, n.; Loyolanthidium notatum (Latreille, 1809) comb, n.; Loyolanthidium perplexum (Smith, 1854) comb, n.; Loyolanthidium robertsoni (Cockerell, 1904) comb. n. and Loyolanthidium toltecum (Cresson, 1878) comb. n.
  • On a record of Dardanus venosus (H. Milne Edwards) (Crustacea, Anomura) from the São Paulo State, Brazil

    Mantelatto, Fernando Luis Medina; Garcia, Renata Biagi; Martinelli, Jussara Moretto; Hebling, Nilton José

    Abstract in English:

    The present work is the first report of Dardanus venosus (H. Milne Edwards, 1848) in São Paulo State and extends the range of this species in the western Atlantic farther to the south in the Brazilian region. A total of twenty two males (mean shield length: 7.56 ± 1.62 mm, 4.7 to 10.9 mm), and fifteen females (7.25 ± 2.53 mm, 4.3 to 14.5 mm) were collected in 1987, 1998, 1999 and 2000 by scuba diving from three areas of Anchieta Island (23º33'S, 45º05'W) in the Ubatuba region, and south of São Sebastião Island (23º57.8'S, 45º16'W), northern coast of São Paulo State. No ovigerous females were captured during the study period. Shells of eleven gastropod species were occupied by D. venosus: Astraea latispina (Philippi, 1844), A. olfersii (Philippi, 1846), A. phoebia Roding 1798, Calliostoma bullisi Clench & Turner 1960, Chicoreus tenuivaricosus (Dautzenberg, 1927), Cymatium parthenopeum (von Salis, 1793), Olivancillaria urceus (Röding, 1798), Phalium granulation (Born, 1778), Stramonita haemastoma (Linnaeus, 1767), Strombus pugilis Linnaeus, 1758 and Zidona dufresnei (Donovan, 1823).
  • Serological technique for identifying Orphulella punctata (de Geer) (Orthoptera, Acrididae) predators

    Cassaro-Silva, Marta; Serrão, José Eduardo; Sousa-Silva, Carlos; Marques-Pacheco, Josué

    Abstract in English:

    Females of Orphulella punctata (de Geer, 1794) were captured in the field and kept in cages with food and boxes filled with moist soil for oviposition. The eggs, macerated with 0,85% saline solution and centrifugated, were used as the immunizing antigen for obtention of the specific antiserum (AS-O). Rabbits were immunized by the linphonodule injection method with two injections of this antigen, with an interval of 15 days between the 1st and 2nd inoculations. Serological tests were performed using double diffusion in agar gel with homologous and heterologous antigens. Specific serological reactions were obtained 14 days after the 1st inoculation. The antiserum of the 30th day gave 5, 2-4 and 1-4 precipitation lines respectively with eggs, female and male antigen. Such differences can be attributed to the high specificity of AS-O. Positive reaction was observed with arachnids and mirmeleontids captured in the field, indicating the predation on O. punctata.
  • Post-embryonic development of Dermatobia hominis (Linnaeus Jr.) (Diptera, Cuterebridae) foregut

    Vieira, Ana Maria; Lello, Edy de

    Abstract in English:

    Foregut in D. hominis (Linnaeus Jr., 1781) as the majority of the larval Diptera somatic tissue, is made up of polytenic cells, and grows at the expenses of the polytenization of its nuclei followed by the increase in size of each cell. The oesophagus, of ectodermic origem, is interiorly covered by a chitinous squamous epithelium that rests upon a very thin basal lamina. This sheet is surrounded by thick muscle bundles. The oesophagus intussuscepts the midgut forming the cardia. The cardia, with three epithelial layers: two internal ones, of ectodermal origin and one external of endodermic origin. At the anterior portion of the cardia, between these two types of epithelium, there is a cluster of small, non polytenic cells, forming the imaginal disk of the foregut. Metamoiphosis begins at the end of the larval period with signs of nuclear degeneration of all the polytenic cells, as well as the increase in number of the imaginal disk ones. The oesophagic portion intussuscepted into the cardia, everts; its cells suffer apoptosis and are replaced by the new cells growing from the imaginal disk. The external layer cells also degenerate and are pinched off into the lumen of the very anterior portion of the midgut. The newly formed oesophagus intussuscepts "de novo" to form the two internal layers of the adult cardia. At the same time the midgut regenerative cells grow anteriorly to form the new external layer of the adult cardia.
  • Post-embryonic development of Dermatobia hominis (Linnaeus Jr.) (Diptera, Cuterebridae) midgut

    Lello, Edy de; Vieira, Ana Maria

    Abstract in English:

    Dermatobia hominis (Linnaeus, 1781) midgut is internally lined by an epithelium of polytenic cells, some low others prismatic with well developed brush border. Their apical portion are enlarged by secretory vesicles, forming button-like structures that are pinched off to the lumen, some accompained by the nucleus characterizing apocrine and holocrine secretions. This epithelium is gradually renewed by small, non polytenic regenerative cells, found scattered at its basal portion. At the end of the third instar the metamorphosis begins. The epithelial cells present signs of degeneration and at the first day of pupation the regenerative cells increase in number. By the 5th day of pupation these regenerative cells, besides being increased in number, differentiate themselves into two layers: one similar to the dense conective tissue that sustainning the larval epithelium is pinched off to the midgut lumen forming the "yellow bodies"; the other, develops right under it as the imaginal epitelium. The disorganized muscles bundles of the midgut wall, are invaded by phagocytes. At the end of pupation the midgut has a low prismatic epithelium with brush-border. In the adult, the torax portion of the midgut has prismatic homogeneously basophilic epithelium while in the abdominal portion the epithelium is made of high prismatic cells full of small vacuoles. The larval midgut epithelium suffers programmed cell death non compatible with apoptose. During the metamorphosis the midgut lenght diminishes from 31mm in the larva to 14mm in the adult.
  • Ultrastructure of ovarian follicular epithelium of the amazonian fish Pseudotylosurus microps (Gunther) (Teleostei, Belonidae): I. the follicular cells cycle of development

    Cruz-Landim, Carminda da; Cruz-Hofling, Maria Alice da

    Abstract in English:

    The present paper deals with the changes on ultrastructural features of the follicular cells along the growth of the oocyte of Pseudotylosurus microps (Gunther, 1868). The epithelium pass from single squamous to pseudostratified and finally cylindric. Remarkable are the changes in the nuclear shapes, the increasing amount of rough endoplasmic reticulum and the formation of large lipid deposits in the follicular cells by the end of vitellogenic phase. Very peculiar intercellular deposits forms between the perinucleolar and vitellogenic phase of oocyte maturation. Although largely referred to in the specialized literature, our attempts to correlate the follicular cells changes with the formation of the oocyte envelopes or even with an endocrine function are not supported by conclusive evidences in the present paper.
  • Cytogenetic analysis of Cycloramphus boraceiensis Heyer (Anura, Leptodactylidae)

    Silva, Ana Paula Zampieri; Haddad, Célio F.B.; Kasahara, Sanae

    Abstract in English:

    Cytogenetic studies on Cycloramphus boraceiensis Heyer, 1983 collected in Picinguaba, Ubatuba, State of São Paulo are presented. The species has 2n=26 karyotype formed by metacentrics, submetacentrics, and one telocentric pair which carries Ag-NORs. The C-banding patterns is also described.
  • Record of Atherinella blackburni (Schultz) (Actinopterygii, Teleostei, Atherinopsidae) in the Ponta da Ilha beach (Itaparica Island, Bahia, Brazil)

    Lopes, Paulo Roberto Duarte; Oliveira-Silva, Jailza Tavares de

    Abstract in English:

    Atherinella blackburni (Schultz, 1949) (Atherinopsidae), is known in the Atlantic Ocean in Costa Rica, south of Caribe and from Venezuela to central Brazil. The distribution and the intraespecific variation of characters of A. blackburni are poorly known. This study records A. blackburni in Bahia littoral and presents more informations about its intraespecific variation.
  • Histological and histochemical aspects of female cloaca of Columba livia (Gmelin) (Columbidae, Columbiforme)

    Teles, Maria Eloíza de Oliveira; Ribeiro, Maria das Graças; Maruch, Sandra Maria das Graças; Ribeiro, Roseli Deolinda

    Abstract in English:

    The domestic dove Columba livia (Gmelin, 1789) is a species well adapted to Brazil and the study of its reproductive biology is part of a broad research project on birds. This essay describes the morphological aspects of the cloaca of female Columba livia, describing compartments lengthwise starting from the head such as the coprodeo, urodeo and proctodeo limited by mucosal folds. Each compartment of the cloaca presents its own morphological characteristics which differ one from the other in form, height and position of mucosal projections, kinds of tissues, presence and histological aspects of glands, presence of lymphonodus. The rectum opens into the coprodeo, the ureter opens into the oviduct and the cloacal sac opening into the proctodeo. Histochemical studies have shown the presence of glycoproteins in tissue cells and gland cells on the three segments of the cloaca.
  • Length-weight relationship of white croaker Micropogonias furnieri (Desmarest) in the Sepetiba Bay, Rio de Janeiro

    Araújo, Francisco Gerson; Vicentini, Rafaela Nascimento

    Abstract in English:

    The length-weight relationship of populations of white croaker Micropogonias furnieri (Desmarest, 1823) in the Sepetiba Bay (22º54'-23º04'S; 43º34'-44º10'W), were assessed. It aims to contribute to the knowledge of the biometrics and to estimate the biomass of this very abundant fishery resource in the Bay. Fishes sampled, in both trawling beach seine, sampling programme, from October 1998 to May 1999 were analyzed. The equation found was W = 0.00000942 L2.99 fom the natural logaritmized transformation of the raw data, through ordinary least square equation = In W = -11.57 + 2.996 In L (r=0.99). The condition factor was relatively high compared with coastal population from Southeast Brazil, probably due to in this study both males and females from juvenile and adult were considered, while in coastal areas, only adult female were analyzed. The alometry coefficient (θ), on the other hand, is very similar to the coastal Southeast Brazil population, but differed from Northeast and South Brazil populations.
  • Preliminary survey of the Bats from Ubajara National Park (Mammalia-Chiroptera), Ceara, Brazil

    Silva, Shirley Seixas Pereira da; Guedes, Patrícia Gonçalves; Peracchi, Adriano Lúcio

    Abstract in English:

    A preliminary survey of bats species from the Ubajara National Park is presented. One hundred sixty two bats from 14 species were collected. Comments about reproduction of the captured species are included.
  • A new Antillean moth of the genus Enigmogramma Lafontaine & Poole (Noctuidae, Plusiinae)

    Becker, Vitor O.

    Abstract in English:

    Enigmogramma antillea sp. n., from Puerto Rico and Cuba, is the second endemic Plusiinae recorded for the Antilles.
  • A new Xanthodirphia Michener (Lepidoptera, Saturniidae, Hemileucinae) from Costa Rica

    Becker, Vitor O.; Chacón, Isidro A.

    Abstract in English:

    Xanthodirphia abbreviata sp. n., is described from material collected in high elevations in the mountains of Costa Rica.
  • The identity of some unrecognized Neotropical Bombycoidea (Lepidoptera) described by Francis Walker

    Becker, Vitor O.

    Abstract in English:

    Three genera and four species of Neotropical Bombycoidea described by Francis Walker, formerly unrecognized, are here identified. Six genera and five species are synonymized, one genus is revalidated, and one reinstated, and five new combinations are established.
  • A new Nyceryx Boisduval (Lepidoptera, Sphingidae) from Central Brazil

    Becker, Vitor 0.

    Abstract in English:

    Nyceryx brevis sp. n., is described from Central Brazil.
  • Three new species of Saturniidae (Lepidoptera) from Central Brazil

    Becker, Vitor Osmar; Camargo, Amabílio J. Aires de

    Abstract in English:

    Three new species of Saturniidae from Central Brazil are described: Cicia norape Becker (Ceratocampinae), Dysdaemonia concisa Becker, and Rhescyntis reducta Camargo & Becker (Arsenurinae).
  • Distribution of the species of Dipturus Rafinesque (Rajidae, Rajinae, Rajini) off Brazil and first record of the Caribbean skate D. teevani (Bigelow & Schroeder), in the Western South Atlantic

    Gomes, Ulisses Leite; Picado, Simone da Silva

    Abstract in English:

    The Caribbean skate Dipturus teevani (Bigelow & Schroeder, 1951) is recorded for the first time from Brazilian waters. The specimen was collected in the continental slope off Bahia State. With this record, four species of Dipturus Rafinesque, 1810 are known from Brazil: D. chilensis (Guichenot, 1848), D. leptocauda (Kreft & Stehmann, 1975), D. trachyderma (Krefft & Stehmann, 1975) and D. teevani (Bigelow & Schroeder, 1951). They are typical inhabitants of deep waters between the outer shelf edge (195-200m) and the slope (more than 500m). Although morphologically conservative, the species of Dipturus can be distinguished from each other by the number of dorsal and nuchal thorns, the number of caudal thorns, dorsal and ventral spinulation and specific total length. An identification key for the species of Dipturus recorded from Brazil is presented.
  • Locomotion of Stramonita haemastoma (Linnaeus) (Gastropoda, Muricidae) on a mixed shore of rocks and sand

    Papp, Marcos G.; Duarte, Luiz F.L.

    Abstract in English:

    Mixed shores of rocks and sand are appropriate systems for the study of limitations that the isolation of rocks may impose for gastropods that typically inhabit rocky shores. We marked 52 Stramonita haemastoma (Linnaeus, 1767) snails on a mixed shore and found that 34 of them moved between rocks one to four times during 15 surveys in a period of 72 days. In the experiments, the snails moved on rock by continuous, direct, ditaxic, alternate undulations of the foot sole but on submerged sand they used slower arrhythmic discontinuous contractions of the foot sole. They switched between modes of locomotion in response to the type and topography of the substrate and possibly to water dynamics. In nature, snails moved between rocks forming aggregations where they oviposited. This may have masked other causes of movement, such as availability of prey. Most snails burrowed into the sand when the rocks became exposed during low tides. Further experiments are needed to explicitly address the possible causes of movements among rocks and burial.
  • Population structure and breeding period of Pachycheles monilifer (Dana) (Anomura, Porcellanidae) inhabiting sabellariid sand reefs from the littoral coast of São Paulo State, Brazil

    Fransozo, Adilson; Bertini, Giovana

    Abstract in English:

    The purpose of the present study is to examine the population structure and the breeding period of Pachycheles monilifer (Dana, 1852) inhabiting sabellariid worm reefs in the littoral of São Paulo State coast. The specimens were obtained at 2-month intervals from September/94 to July/95. The study sites were located at the rocky shores of Tenorio and Paranapuã Beaches. Individuals sampled showed a total averaged 4.4 ± 1.4 mm carapace length. Ovigerous females were more frequent in September. Despite clear differences regarding the arrangement of these sabellariid colonies, they are extremely important to the establishment and maintenance of P. monilifer.
  • The trophic groups in Coleoptera

    Marinoni, Renato C.

    Abstract in English:

    The beetles are a useful group for studies on trophic structure of communities, mainly in forested areas. These kind of studies are based on food habits of species groups. The different terms applied to nomminated these groups (trophic category, ecologic group, trophic group, guild, trophic guild) are discussed. The term trophic group, a natural unity, is proposed to form a group of species with the same food habits, not considering the trophic level. The guild, an artificial unity, is recognized as an important tool to group organisms group that use the same resources as defined by the investigator (Hawkins & MacMaiion, 1989; Simberloff & Dayan 1991; Wilson 1999). The known alimentary habits of Coleoptera are classified in five trophic groups - herbivores, algivores, fungívores, detrivores and carnivores. Within each trophic group, subgroups are recognized. The subgroup are in a lower hierarchic level and are defined by morphological (herbivores), taxonomic (fungivores) atributes of the food, by the food origin (detrivores) and by the way that the food is obtained (carnivores). A food resource diagram showing connections among the trophic groups, based on consumer-consumed (predator-prey) relations, is presented.
  • Adult exoskeletal morphology of Hemiargus hanno (Stoll) (Lepidoptera, Lycaenidac, Polyommatinae, Polyommatini): I. head morphology

    Duarte, Marcelo; Casagrande, Mirna M.; Mielke, Olaf H.H.

    Abstract in English:

    This is the first of a series of contributions concerning exoskeletal morphology of neotropical lycaenid butterflies (blues and hairstreaks). The cephalic capsule morphology of Hemiargus hanno (Stoll, 1790) is herein presented with drawings and SEM photographs.
  • Two new species of Cyphonia Laporte, 1832 from the central region of Brazil (Homoptera, Membracidae, Smiliinae)

    Barreira, Randal Lopes; Sakakibara, Albino Morimasa

    Abstract in English:

    Cyphonia cabetteae sp. n. and C. xavantina sp. n., both from Nova Xavantina, Mato Grosso, are described and illustrated. These two new species are very close to Cyphonia intermedia Sakakibara, 1968 and to Cyphona clavata (Fabricius, 1787), concerning their overall aspects.
  • Revision of Eupempelus Bates and its transference to Heteropsini Lacordaire (Coleoptera, Cerambycidae, Cerambycinae)

    Mermudes, José Ricardo M.; Napp, Dilma Solange

    Abstract in English:

    The genus Eupempelus Bates, 1870 is revised and its taxonomic position altered in transferring from Cleomenini Lacordaire, 1869 to Heteropsini Lacordaire, 1869. The genus and the type species, Eupempelus olivaceus Bates, 1870, are redescribed and two new species added: Eupempelus illuminus sp. n., from Bolivia and E. spinithorax sp. n., from Ecuador. All the species are illustrated and keyed.
  • A complementary note about the habits of Genes melanopterus (Teleostei: Gerreidae) at Guaratuba Bay, Parana, Brazil (25º52'S, 48º39'W)

    Chaves, Paulo de Tarso C.; Robert, Maurício de Castro

    Abstract in English:

    A survey performed in the Guaratuba Bay supports the hypothesis that the G. melanopterus individuals migrate to reproduce at the sea during summer. In autumn and winter, the adults return to the Bay, a pattern not yet described in the literature for this species. G. melanopterus explores the most internal areas of the Bay when the continental influence is lower. Differences in feeding habits were registered between individuals occupying the investigated area and those from a nearby mangrove previously studied.
  • A new species of Anthidianum Michener and taxonomic notes

    Urban, Danúncia

    Abstract in English:

    Anthidianum andicola sp. n. (from Argentina, Tilcara), is described; a description of the male of Chrisanthidium nigritum Urban, 1997 is presented and Anthidianum bizonatum (Friese, 1925) is considered as junior synonym of Anthidianum subpetiolatum (Schrottky, 1910).
  • Designation of Lectotypes of some South American species of Anthidium Fabricius (Hymenoptera, Megachilidae)

    Urban, Danúncia

    Abstract in English:

    In the collection of Museu de Zoologia, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, there are specimens from Schrottky's collection which constitute the sintypes of some of the species of Anthidium that he described in 1910. Studying this genus, it is pertinent to designate the Lectotypes of these species, as follows: Anthidium cuzcoense Schrottky, 1910; Anthidium garleppi Schrottky, 1910; Anthidium nigerrimum Schrottky, 1910; Anthidium patagonicum Schrottky, 1910, and Anthidium peruvianum Schrottky, 1910. The lectotype of Anthidium kuscheli Moure, 1957, deposited in the collection of Departamento de Zoologia, Universidade Federal do Paraná, Curitiba, is also here designated.
  • Keys for the identification of Coleoptera (Insecta) associated with stored products

    Pereira, Paulo Roberto Valle da Silva; Almeida, Lúcia Massutti de

    Abstract in English:

    An illustrated key to identify nine families of Coleoptera commonly found in stored products is presented. Keys for the identification of Anobiidae [Lasioderma serricorne (Fabricius, 1792), Stegobium paniceum (Linnaeus, 1761)], Bruchidae [Acanthoscelides obtectus (Say, 1831), Zabrotes subfasciatus (Boheman, 1833)], Curculionidae [Sitophilus oryzae (Linnaeus, 1763), S. zeamais Motschulsky, 1885], Silvanidae [Ahasverus advena (Waltl, 1832), Cathartus quadricollis (Guérin, 1892), Oryzaephilus mercator (Fauvel, 1889), O. surinamensis (Linnaeus, 1758)] and Tenebrionidae [Gnathocerus cornutus (Fabricius, 1798), Tribolium castaneum (Herbst, 1797), T. confusum du Val, 1868] are also provided. These keys cover the most frequent Coleoptera found in stored products, specially grains, and are to the adult stage only. Illustrations of external morphology and general characteristics are provided for each species reported.
  • Three new species of Ladoffa Young (Hemiptera, Auchenorrhyncha, Cicadellidae)

    Cavichioli, Rodney Ramiro; Chiamolera, Larissa De Bortolli

    Abstract in English:

    Three new species of Ladoffa Young, 1977 are described: L. rubronigra sp. n. (North Brazil and Guyana), L. isabellina sp. n. (North Brazil), and L. trifasciata sp. n. (Panama). They are similar to the other species of the genus in the general aspect, mainly with regards to the coloration. However, they can be distinguished by the aspect of the male genitalia.
  • Sea-bob-shrimp fishery's by-catch as a feeding source for seabirds

    Branco, Joaquim Olinto

    Abstract in English:

    From July 1996 to June 1997, in Armação do Itapocoroy, Penha, Santa Catarina State, Brazil, monthly census were done in three areas of traditional fishery and Itacolomis islands. A total of 10021 seabirds were registered, belonging to eight species, five genus and four families. The average number of seabirds per dragging varied between 80,2 and 113,6. Sterna spp, appeared at first in 43,3% of the released by-catch, followed by Larus dominicanus Lichtenstein, 1823, Fregata magnificens Matheus, 1914, Phalacrocorax brasilianus (Humboldt, 1805) and Sula leucogaster Boddaert, 1783. The average size of the fish consumed by the seabirds oscillated from 8,3 cm (Sterna spp.) to 18,5 cm (F. magnificens), with an average time from 6,12 to 7,55 minutes per by-catch released. In general, seabirds use 84,0% of the by-catch fish as a feeding source.
  • New record for Itabuna, Bahia, Brazil of Veronicellidae (Gastropoda, Mollusca) and its occurrence in the stomach contents of snakes Dipsas Laurenti (Colubridae) Comunicação Científica

    Thomé, José Willibaldo; Santos, Sinara Silveira; Jeske, Vivian Luciana

    Abstract in English:

    The predominant occurrence of the species Sarasinula marginata (Semper, 1885) in 31 lots, all proceeding from the stomach contents of the snakes Dipsas Laurenri, 1768 was determined. A species still not determined of Novovaginula Thiele, 1931 was represented in 10 lots and in a living collected lot (with only one specimen, not mature). One-third species, Potamojanuarius fuscus (Heynemann, 1885) is represented only in a lot of slugs collected alive (seven specimens) and was confirmed in a lot of four specimens, this of the Museum of Zoology, University of São Paulo (USP), São Paulo. All the other lots were sent by F.Q. Alves, Department of Zoology, State University of São Paulo (UNESP), Botucatu, São Paulo.
Sociedade Brasileira de Zoologia Caixa Postal 19020, 81531-980 Curitiba PR Brasil, Tel./Fax: +55 41 3266-6823, - Curitiba - PR - Brazil
E-mail: sbz@bio.ufpr.br