Agronomic performance of landrace and hybrid maize varieties cultivated under different management systems

Despite landrace varieties favouring autonomy in the production process in family farming, their use has been neglected with the rise in the level of technology employed in agriculture, where it is believed that only modern cultivars present an economic return. The objective of this study therefore was to investigate the influence of different technological management systems on the agronomical characteristics of maize from two landrace varieties ('Argentine' and 'BR da Várzea') and from two hybrids. The management systems were classified as being of a low, medium and high technological level. The experiment was carried out in a 4x3 factorial (four maize genotypes and three technological management systems) in a complete randomized block design, in strips and with three replications. The following were evaluated: emergence, incidence of Spodoptera frugiperda (armyworm), flowering precocity and synchrony, plant bedding, stem diameter, plant and ear height, final growth and productivity. The agronomical performance of both the landrace varieties and the hybrids were maximized by technological advances. Affordable management practices, such as the use of organic fertilizers and alternative pest-control, are able to maximize the production of maize.

Family farming; Organic production; Soil management; Sustainability; Zea mays

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