Lower extremity reconstruction: epidemiology, management and outcomes of patients of the Federal District North Wing Regional Hospital

JEFFERSON LESSA SOARES MACEDO SIMONE CORRÊA ROSA DANIEL LOBO BOTELHO CLENDES PEREIRA DOS SANTOS MURILO NEVES DE QUEIROZ TABATHA GONÇALVES ANDRADE CASTELO BRANCO GOMES About the authors

ABSTRACT

Objective:

to evaluate the management of lower limbs complex traumatic injuries by analyzing their characteristics, types, conduct and evolution, with emphasis on surgical treatment.

Methods:

we conducted a prospective study of patients treated by Plastic Surgery at a regional hospital of the Federal District during a one-year period. We collected data through serial evaluations and telephone contact records.

Results:

we studied 40 patients, with a mean age of 25.6 years, predominantly male (62.5%). The most frequent wounds were of the distal third of the lower limb (37.5%). Bone or tendon exposures occurred in 55% had and there was a 35% rate of exposed lower limb fractures. The treatments employed were skin grafting (57.5%), local fasciocutaneous flap (15%), muscle flap (12.5%), cross-leg fasciocutaneous flap, reverse sural flap (12.5%) and microsurgical flap (2.5%). Short-term evaluation showed that 35 patients had excellent or good results (87.5%), four had a regular result (10%), and one had an unsatisfactory result (2.5%). In the long term, of the 18 patients who answered the questionnaire, ten resumed walking, even with support, in the first three months after surgery (55.6%).

Conclusion:

young men involved in motorcycle accidents during leisure time represented the profile of patients with lower limb trauma requiring surgical reconstruction; the distal third of the leg was the most affected region. Grafting was the most used technique for reconstruction and postoperative functional evaluation showed that, despite complex lesions, most patients evolved with a favorable healing process and successful functional evolution.

Keywords:
Lower Extremity. Wounds and Injuries. Injury Severity Score. Surgery; Plastic

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