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Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões, Volume: 35, Issue: 3, Published: 2008
  • Medical education and university hospital's breakdown Editorial

    Perrotta, Umberto
  • Surgery in the aged patients Editorial

    Petroianu, Andy
  • Versatility of the fascia lata tensor musculocutaneous flap Artigos Originais

    Ramos, Rogério dos Santos; Cunha, Marcelo Sacramento; Jesus, Rodolfo Oliveira de; Basílio, Igor de Almeida; Figuerêdo, Adson; Fadul, Luiza Cavalcanti

    Abstract in Portuguese:

    OBJETIVO: Relatar a experiência com a utilização do retalho musculocutâneo do tensor da fáscia lata (TFL em diferentes situações clínicas, evidenciando suas diversas aplicações, analisando e discutindo as indicações, resultados e complicações. MÉTODO: Entre janeiro de 2003 e dezembro de 2005 dezessete retalhos miocutâneos do TFL foram realizados para cobertura cutânea em uma variedade de defeitos em quinze pacientes.Durante o ato operatório a equipe optou pelo posicionamento do paciente em decúbito lateral em oposição ao lado da lesão a ser reparada. RESULTADOS: Houve sucesso com cobertura cutânea adequada em todos os casos. Em quatro destes ocorreu necessidade de enxerto de pele parcial na área doadora. Em dois casos houve isquemia distal do retalho e em um aconteceu pequena deiscência de sutura em zona doadora. CONCLUSÃO: O retalho miocutâneo do tensor da fáscia lata, portanto, possibilita uma excelente cobertura cutânea para tratamento de defeitos em diversos segmentos anatômicos com pouca morbidade em área doadora.

    Abstract in English:

    BACKGROUND: The fascia lata tensor (FLT) musculocutaneous flap holds a great versatility. It is used in countless situations. We present our experience with the use of this flap in several circumstances. We also analyze and discuss about indications, results and complications. METHODS: Between January 2003 and December 2005, 15 patients (10 man and 5 women) underwent 17 FLT flaps to treat many skin defects. Patients were between 18 and 65 years-old. Patients' position during surgery was lateral decubitus. Follow up has been obtained from 6 months to 3 years. RESULTS: We succeed with fit skin coverage in all cases. Partial skin graft was necessary in four cases. Distal flap ischemia occurred in two patients. Small dehiscence at the donor site was seen (and treated by simple suture) in one case. CONCLUSION: The FLT musculocutaneous flap is extremely reliable and versatile; it has easy and fast execution and relatively few complications. It can successfully be used in many clinical situations.
  • Hyperthermic isolated limb perfusion in the treatment of in-transit melanoma metastases Artigos Originais

    Pasin, Victor Pavan; Oliveira, Andrea Fernandes de; Santos, Ivan Dunshee de Abranches Oliveira; Ferreira, Lydia Masako

    Abstract in Portuguese:

    OBJETIVO: Avaliar a casuística do Setor de Tumores Cutâneos da Disciplina de Cirurgia Plástica da Escola Paulista de Medicina/ Universidade Federal de São Paulo em relação à Perfusão Isolada de Membro (PIM) para o tratamento das metástases em trânsito do melanoma cutâneo, bem como os resultados conseqüentes, comparando-os com a literatura internacional. MÉTODO: De maio de 1993 a abril de 2007, 41 pacientes portadores de metástases em trânsito do melanoma cutâneo submeteram-se a 44 PIM. Por meio da observação de seus prontuários, foram avaliados quanto à toxicidade regional e sistêmica, e resposta tumoral após a PIM. Após a coleta dos resultados, procedeu-se a comparação com a literatura internacional e as posteriores conclusões. RESULTADOS: Houve 43,2% de respostas completas, 36,4% de respostas parciais e 20,4% sem resposta ao tratamento proposto. A toxicidade regional aguda descrita foi, de modo geral, restrita a edema e eritema discretos, não havendo nenhum caso de complicação sistêmica grave. CONCLUSÃO: Os dados obtidos nessa casuística corroboram os descritos pela literatura internacional, demonstrando a importância e a possibilidade da PIM para o controle locoregional das metástases em trânsito do melanoma cutâneo também na realidade brasileira.

    Abstract in English:

    BACKGROUND: To evaluate our cases at the Skin Tumors Sector of Plastic Surgery Division at Federal University of São Paulo in relation to Isolated Limb Perfusion (ILP) for the treatment of in transit melanoma metastases, as well as the results, comparing them with international literature. METHODS: From May 1993 until April 2007, 41 patients with in transit metastases of skin melanoma were submitted to 44 ILP. Medical registry observations were evaluated in terms of regional and systemic toxicity and tumoral response after ILP. The obtained results were compared with international literature and posterior conclusions were done. RESULTS: We observed 43.2% of complete responses, 36.4% of partial responses and 20.4% of no responses after the procedures. Acute regional toxicity was in general restricted to slight erythema or edema, and there was no single case of serious systemic complication. CONCLUSION: The obtained data are in accordance with international literature demonstrating the importance and the possibility of ILP for locoregional control of in transit metastases of skin melanoma also in Brazilian reality.
  • Reflections about civilian cardiovascular trauma admitted to a level 1 trauma center Artigos Originais

    Costa-Val, Ricardo; Campos-Christo, Sérgio Figueiredo; Abrantes, Wilson Luiz; Campos-Christo, Marcelo Barroca; Marques, Maria Cristina; Miguel, Eduardo Vergara

    Abstract in Portuguese:

    OBJETIVO: Analisar os dados referentes a uma grande série de casos de traumas cardiovasculares exclusivamente civil operados em um único centro de trauma brasileiro. MÉTODO: Trata-se de um estudo de coorte, prospectivo, descritivo e analítico registrados entre os anos de 1998 - 2005. RESULTADOS: No período foram operados 1000 casos que acometeram principalmente homens jovens devido a armas de fogo, armas brancas/vidros e trauma contuso e cuja topografia das lesões se deu na seguinte ordem: abdominais, cervicais, torácicas e extremidades. As três síndromes mais comuns a admissão foram: hemorrágica, isquêmica e hemorrágica/isquêmica. No entanto, 34.6% dos pacientes estavam em choque hipovolêmico grave e em 85% da casuística havia lesões não cardiovasculares associadas. A maioria dos pacientes foi submetida a tratamento cirúrgico sem propedêutica específica, mas 14% destes foram reoperados devido à síndrome compartimental, trombose aguda e/ou hemorragia grave. A taxa de amputação foi de 5.5% e da mortalidade de 7.5%, estando correlacionada com choque hipovolêmico grave ou síndrome da resposta inflamatória sistêmica. Lesões CCV isoladas ocorreram em 15% dos casos com taxa de letalidade global de 41%, sendo 22% venosa, 47% arterial e 81% cardíaca, proporcionando diferença significativa entre lesões cardíacas versus arteriais e venosas associadas (p = 0,01; odds ratio de 7.37) e lesões arteriais versus venosas (p = 0,01; odds ratio de 3.17). CONCLUSÃO: Esta grande série de casos demonstrou ser o homem jovem o mais acometido devido principalmente à violência interpessoal e os acidentes automobilísticos, que envolvem na maioria das vezes as extremidades, associadas com lesões em outros órgãos ou sistemas. Os fatores preditivos de mau prognóstico foram choque hipovolêmico, lesão de grandes vasos arteriais e lesão cardíaca.

    Abstract in English:

    BACKGROUND: To analyze the demographics and outcomes, from a large number of civilian cardiovascular (CCV) trauma cases, prospectively registered at a level I Brazilian Trauma Center. METHODS: This paper deals with cardiovascular traumas studied in a prospective, descriptive and analytic way registered between 1998 through 2005. RESULTS: Over 7-year period, 1000 patients were surgically approached. Most patients were young males with gunshot, stab wound/glasses and blunt trauma, distributed at the abdomen, neck, torso and more frequent at the limbs. The three main syndromes observed at admission were: hemorrhagic, ischemic and hemorrhagic/ischemic. Severe shock at admission was present in 34.6% of the patients, and non cardiovascular associated injuries were present in 85% of the cases. Most of the patients were operated on without preoperative tests. A second operation was required in 14%, because of the following reasons: peripheral compartmental syndrome, acute arterial thrombosis or major hemorrhage. The amputation rate was 5.5% and mortality rate was 7.5% at discharge. Severe hemorrhagic shock and multiple organ failure were the main causes of death. Isolated CCV lesion was present in 15%, with a global lethality of 41 %. Deaths were attributed to the following causes: venous (22%), arterial (47%) and cardiac (81%) with statistical significance between cardiac lesions versus arterial plus venous lesions (p = 0.01; odds ratio = 7.37) and arterial lesions versus venous lesions (p = 0.01; odds ratio 3.17). CONCLUSION: This large number of cases showed that the main victims were young men, involved on personal violence or vehicle crash accidents, with lesions more frequently found at the extremities with high association with non cardiovascular injuries. The negative prognostic predictive factors were severe shock, large artery lesions or cardiac injuries.
  • Antibiotic prophylaxis in elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy: a prospective, randomized and double blind study Artigos Originais

    Souza, Hamilton Petry de; Breigeiron, Ricardo; Cunha, Hugo Moreira da; Deves, Eduardo

    Abstract in Portuguese:

    OBJETIVO: Identificar a necessidade de profilaxia antibiótica em colecistectomias videolaparoscópicas eletivas. MÉTODO: Estudo prospectivo, randomizado e duplo-cego, em pacientes submetidos à colecistectomia videolaparoscópica eletiva, durante o período de Junho de 2003 a Julho de 2007, com alocação de 163 pacientes em dois grupos: A (n=82), recebeu profilaxia com cefoxitina 2g intravenoso na indução anestésica; B (n=81), recebeu solução salina 2 mililitros intravenoso. A equipe e a técnica cirúrgica utilizadas foram as mesmas. O desfecho avaliado foram complicações infecciosas de sítio cirúrgico, isto é, infecção de ferida operatória e abscessos superficiais e/ou profundos. Os pacientes foram revisados em sete e 28 dias pós-operatório. Os dados foram analisados pelo Teste exato de Fisher (p<0,05). RESULTADOS: O presente estudo demonstrou uma taxa de complicações infecciosas de 4,76%, no Grupo A e de 6,17% no Grupo B. Não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa (p=0,746) nas taxas de complicações infecciosas. Os grupos foram homogêneos e comparáveis. CONCLUSÃO: Pacientes submetidos à colecistectomia videolaparoscópica eletiva, de baixo risco cirúrgico, não necessitam de antibioticoprofilaxia, pois a mesma não traz redução das taxas de infecção.

    Abstract in English:

    BACKGROUND: To identify the need for antibiotic prophylaxis usage in routine laparoscopic cholecystectomy. METHODS: A prospective, randomized double-blind study was done in patients submitted to routine laparoscopic cholecystectomy from June 2003 to July 2007, with 163 patients divided in two groups: Group A (n=82) received antibiotic prophylaxis with Cefoxitin 2g IV at anesthesia induction; Group B (n=81) received 2 mL of isotonic sodium chloride solution at same time. Surgical technique and team were the same. The purpose of this study was to search the outcome for surgical site infections and superficial or deep abscesses. The patients were examined at 7 and 28 days after surgery. Data were analyzed by Fisher's exact test. RESULTS: This study showed infection complication rates of 4.76% in group A and 6.17% in group B. There were no statistical significant differences (p = 0.746) for infection complication rates in both groups. The groups were homogeneous and comparable. CONCLUSIONS: Patients submitted to routine laparoscopic cholecystectomy with low surgical risk do not need antibiotic prophylaxis, because it will not result in lower infection rates.
  • Peripheral hepatojejunostoy: a technic option for paliative treatment of hilar cancer Artigos Originais

    Coral, Roberto Pelegrini; Rinaldi, Natalino; Bassols, Guilherme Fagundes; Santos, Pedro Reck dos; Neves, Kelly Ribeiro

    Abstract in Portuguese:

    OBJETIVO: Relatar a experiência do nosso Serviço com a descompressão cirúrgica da árvore biliar através de uma hepatojejunostomia periférica. MÉTODO: Entre julho de 2000 a julho de 2005, 11 pacientes foram à laparotomia para ressecção de tumores do hilo hepático e, durante o trans-operatório, apresentavam lesões irressecáveis. Os dados analisados foram: idade, sexo, morbidade, mortalidade, dosagem de bilirrubinas séricas pré-operatórias e no 7ºdia de pós-operatório, prurido pré e pós-operatório e sobrevida. RESULTADOS: A idade média dos pacientes foi de 67 anos, seis eram mulheres e cinco eram homens. Icterícia estava presente em 100% dos casos e prurido em 80%. Seis pacientes tiveram o diagnóstico de neoplasia de vesícula biliar e cinco de colangiocarcinoma. Ocorreram três óbitos intra-hospitalares. A dosagem média no pré-operatório de bilirrubina total foi 19,33mg/dl e bilirrubina direta 16,81mg/dl e no pós-operatório 4,88mg/dl e 3,64mg/dl, respectivamente. Oito pacientes que receberam alta hospitalar tiveram sobrevida média de oito meses, evoluindo sem icterícia e prurido. CONCLUSÃO: A hepatojejunostomia periférica pode ser considerada uma boa opção como tratamento paliativo . Ela demonstrou ser segura, com sangramento mínimo, rápida execução e mortalidade aceitável, melhorando significativamente a icterícia, o prurido e fornecendo uma sobrevida satisfatória.

    Abstract in English:

    BACKGROUND: This study shows the experience of our service with peripheral hepatojejunostomy. METHODS: Between 2000 and 2005, eleven patients were submitted to peripheral hepatojejunostomy. Laparotomy in all patients had been performed as an attempt for curative resection. We analyzed age, gender, morbimortality, pre and post-operatory dosage of bilirubin, pre and post-operatory pruritus and survival. RESULTS: The mean age of the patients was 67 years, six were female and five were male. Jaundice was present in 100% of cases, and pruritus in 80%. Gallbladder neoplasm was diagnosed in six patients and cholangiocarcinoma in five. There were three intrahospital deaths. In preoperatory, mean values of total bilirubin was 19.33mg/dl and of direct bilirubin was 16.81mg/dl, and in the post-operatory, 4.88mg/dl and 3.64mg/dl, respectively. The eight discharged patients did not referred pruritus anymore, and their mean survival was eight months. All patients evoluted without jaundice and pruritus. CONCLUSIONS: Peripheral Hepatojejunostomy can be considered as capable to improve quality of life of the icteric patients. Surgery was demonstrated to be safe, with minimal blooding, rapid execution, and acceptable mortality rates. It was possible to improve significatively jaundice, pruritus, and to give a satisfactory survival.
  • Hepatic hemangioma surgical ressection Artigos Originais

    Leonardi, Marília Iracema; Ataíde, Elaine Cristina de; Boin, Ilka de Fátima Santana Ferreira; Leonardi, Luiz Sérgio

    Abstract in Portuguese:

    OBJETIVO: Apresentar os resultados do tratamento cirúrgico em pacientes portadores de hemangioma hepático. MÉTODO: Foram estudados 20 pacientes portadores de hemangioma hepático cavernoso, operados entre fevereiro de 1991 e fevereiro de 2005. A idade dos pacientes variou de 16 a 72 anos (média de 42 anos) com predomínio do sexo feminino (80%), sendo que 85% deles eram sintomáticos. Todos os pacientes foram submetidos à ultrassonografia abdominal (US) e à tomografia computadorizada contrastada (TC). Utilizou-se incisão abdominal subcostal bilateral associada à incisão mediana. RESULTADOS: Durante o período de seguimento clínico não se constataram recidiva de sintomas ou de hemangioma. A morbidade pós-operatória representada por infecção da ferida cirúrgica foi observada em um (5%) paciente, insuficiência hepática leve em 40% e moderada em 15% que apresentaram evolução clínica satisfatória com o tratamento clínico instituido; em um (5%) verificou-se a ocorrência de bilioma que necessitou drenagem por punção abdominal. A maioria dos pacientes retornou as atividades habituais até o 3º. mês de pós-operatório. Não ocorreram óbitos nesta série de pacientes. CONCLUSÃO: A ressecção cirúrgica do hemangioma hepático, gigante ou sintomático, é opção de tratamento segura e eficaz, sendo que a extensão da ressecção varia de acordo com a localização e tamanho.

    Abstract in English:

    BACKGROUND: To present the results of the surgical treatment in patient bearers of hepatic hemangioma. METHODS: We studied 20 patients with liver cavernous hemangioma, operated between February 1991 and February 2005. The patients ages ranged from 16 to 72 years (average of 42 years) with a predominance of female (80%), with 85% of them were symptomatic. All patients were undergoing abdominal ultrasonography (U.S.) and computed tomography contrasting (CT). It was used abdominal incision bilateral subcostal associated with the median incision. RESULTS: During follow-up neither symptom recurrences occurred nor hepatic hemangiomas were detected. Post-operative morbidity included wound infection in one patient (5%), mild hepatic insufficiency in 40% and moderate hepatic insufficiency in 15% of patients. All recovered well and completely. Biliary leakage was diagnosed in one patient (5%) and external drainage was required. No mortality occurred in this series. Normal patient activities returned after the third post-operative month. CONCLUSION: Surgical treatment of hepatic hemangiomas can be safely performed, with the choice of liver resection depending on lesion location and tumor size.
  • Correlation of pathological factors with survival of patients submitted to coloretal resections due to adenocarcinoma Artigos Originais

    Santo, Gilmar Ferreira do Espírito; Aguilar-Nascimento, José Eduardo de; Kishima, Marina Okuyama; Takiuchi, Arlei

    Abstract in Portuguese:

    OBJETIVO: Avaliar a influência de fatores anatomopatológicos como prognóstico na sobrevida de pacientes operados de adenocarcinoma colorretal. MÉTODOS: Estudo tipo coorte histórica aberta, baseado na análise de 119 pacientes operados de adenocarcinoma colorretal com intenção curativa no Hospital Universitário Júlio Muller, no período de 1984 a 2002. Os dados foram obtidos dos prontuários médicos e de exames anatomopatológicos revisados, sendo submetidos à análise estatística de sobrevida em cinco anos pelo método de Kaplan & Méier. O reto foi o segmento mais acometido em 44,5% dos casos. O aspecto macroscópico tumoral predominante foi o ulcerado ou infiltrante (50,4%), com tamanhos entre 2 e 17 cm, sendo que a maioria dos tumores (64,7%) infiltrava até a camada serosa. O número médio de linfonodos analisados foi de 11,8(±7,3) por peça cirúrgica, indentificando-se nestes, 42,8% de metástases. A maioria dos tumores (85,4%) era bem ou moderadamente diferenciada. Foram observadas embolização angiolinfática e perineural em respectivamente 51,2% e 23,5%. RESULTADOS: Não houve significância estatística quanto a morfologia (p=0,87), tamanho do tumor (p=0,56) e grau de diferenciação celular (p=0,83). Os fatores que se correlacionaram com a sobrevida foram o sítio do tumor primário (p=0,04), a invasão angiolinfática intra-tumoral (p=0,02), invasão perineural (p<0,01), a infiltração das camadas (p=0,02), e o comprometimento linfonodal (p<0,01). CONCLUSÃO: A análise dos fatores anatomopatológicos mostrou correlação significativa da sobrevida com o sítio primário, a camada acometida, invasão perineural, invasão angiolinfática e comprometimento dos linfonodos.

    Abstract in English:

    BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of the pathological aspects as prognostic for survival in patients who underwent resection for colorectal adenocarcinoma. METHOD: A historical cohort study was conducted based on an analysis of 119 patients with colorectal adenocarcinoma submitted to curative intention resection at the Department of Surgery of the Júlio Müller University Hospital from 1984 to 2002. Data were obtained from medical records. Specimen slides were reviewed and the findings were submitted to the survival analysis using the Kaplan-Meier method. The rectum was the location most frequent found (44,5%). The predominant macroscopic aspect was ulcerated or infiltrate type (50,4%), with lengths between 2 and 17 cm, and the majority of the tumors (64,7%) infiltrated until the serosa layer. The average number of lymph nodes examined in the surgical specimen was 11,8(±7,3) showing 42,8% of metastatic envolviment. Most of the tumors (85,4%) were categorized as either well or moderately differentiated. Angiolymphatic embolization and perineural invasion were observed in 51,2% and 23,5% respectively. RESULTS: There was no statistical significance of survival with morphology (p=0,87), length of the tumor (p=0,56) and degree of cellular differentiation (p=0,83). The factors that correlated with survival were location of the tumor (p=0,04), angiolymphatic embolization (p=0,02), perineural invasion (p <0,01), wall infiltration (p=0,02), and lymph node involvement (p <0.01). CONCLUSION: Survival of patients operated for colorectal adenocarcinoma showed significant correlation with site of the tumor, extension through gut layers, angiolymphatic embolization, perineural invasion, and lymphonodal involvement.
  • Effects of topical application of the honey of Melipona subnitida in infected wounds of rats Artigos Originais

    Alves, Diego Felipe Sampaio; Cabral Júnior, Francisco das Chagas; Cabral, Pedro Paulo de Arruda Câmara; Oliveira Junior, Ruy Medeiros de; Rego, Amália Cínthia Meneses do; Medeiros, Aldo Cunha

    Abstract in Portuguese:

    OBJETIVO: Avaliar efeitos do uso tópico do mel da abelha silvestre Melipona subnitida na evolução de feridas infectadas de pele. MÉTODO: Ratos Wistar foram distribuídos aleatoriamente em grupos de 6, anestesiados com tiopental sódico 20mg/Kg IP e cetamina 30mg/Kg IM e submetidos a exérese de segmento de 1 cm² de pele total do dorso. Os ratos do grupo C (não infectado) foram tratados com solução salina sobre a ferida diariamente e no grupo MEL (não infectado) as feridas foram tratadas com mel uma vez por dia. Nos grupos C/I e MEL/I as feridas foram inoculadas com solução polimicrobiana. Culturas foram feitas 24 horas após. Caracterizada a infecção, as feridas foram tratadas com solução salina e mel, respectivamente. No terceiro dia de tratamento foi feita nova cultura. Após epitelização foi contado o tempo de cicatrização e as feridas foram biopsiadas para histopatologia e dosagem de TNF-α, IL-1β e IL-6 no tecido. RESULTADOS: O tempo médio de cicatrização do grupo MEL/I foi menor que nos demais grupos (P<0,05). Verificou-se que a densidade de colágeno, leucócitos, fibroblastos e dosagem de citocinas (especialmente TNF) foi maior no grupo infectado e tratado com mel que nos demais grupos. Houve significante redução de bactérias Gram-negativas e positivas nas feridas após o tratamento com mel. CONCLUSÃO: O uso tópico de mel de Melipona subnitida em feridas infectadas da pele de ratos estimulou a resposta imunológica, reduziu a infecção e o tempo de cicatrização.

    Abstract in English:

    BACKGROUND: The current study investigated the antimicrobial, immunological and healing effects of Melipona subnitida honey on infected wounds of rat skin. METHOD: Wistar rats were anesthetized with sodium thiopental 20mg/Kg IP and ketamine 30 mg/kg IM. We evaluated the effects of honey using rats by generating 1 cm² full-thickness skin wounds on the dorsum. The wounds of Group C rats (not infected) were treated daily with topic saline solution (0.9%) and in the Group HONEY (not infected) the wounds were treated with topic honey once a day. In the Groups C/I (infected) and HONEY/I (infected) the wounds were inoculated with polymicrobial solution, and tissue bacterial culture was performed 24 hours later. These wounds were treated with topic saline solution and honey, respectively. In the third day of treatment it was made a new bacterial culture. After epithelialization, wound tissue biopsies were used for cytokines dosage and histology. RESULTS: The HONEY/I wounds showed more rapid healing and re-epithelialization than in the other groups, and the difference was significant (p<0.05). It was observed that the density of collagen, fibroblasts, macrophages and the expression of TNF-á, IL1-â and Il-6 were higher on the HONEY/I wounds then in the other groups. After the treatment with honey, the amount of Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria in the infected wounds decreased significantly. CONCLUSION: The results may encourage the use of honey in skin infected wounds because it stimulated cytokine production, reduced the healing time and had antibacterial activity.
  • Experimental study comparing 2-octyl cyanoacrylate to nylon for skin closure Artigos Originais

    Freitas-Júnior, Ruffo de; Paulinelli, Régis Resende; Rahal, Rosemar Macedo Sousa; Moreira, Marise Amaral Rebouças; Oliveira, Evelling Lorena Cerqueira de; Aiko, Kariza Frantz; Approbato, Mário Silva

    Abstract in Portuguese:

    OBJETIVO: Comparar o 2-octil cianoacrilato com o fio de "nylon" no fechamento da pele em ratos. MÉTODOS: Vinte e cinco ratos da linhagem Wistar, foram submetidos à incisão de 3 cm de cada lado do abdome. A síntese foi feita utilizando em um dos lados o "nylon" 4.0, pontos intradérmicos, e do outro o 2-octil cianoacrilato. Após sete dias, o fio foi removido e as incisões, analisadas quanto às complicações. Após 40 dias, o resultado da cicatriz foi avaliado. Os ratos foram sacrificados, as cicatrizes foram ressecadas, fixadas e enviadas ao patologista, sem informação sobre qual o método utilizado. RESULTADOS: Houve dois óbitos durante a anestesia e um tardio. O tempo de operação foi de 136 segundos com a cola e 176 segundos, com o "nylon" (P=0,003). Dentre as 50 operações realizadas, as complicações foram: um hematoma com cada método (P=0,80), quinze deiscências da cola contra 11 do "nylon" (P=0,20), sete cicatrizes de aspecto ruim ou razoável da cola contra quatro do "nylon" (P=0,30), três infecções na cola contra duas (P=0,40). Ao exame patológico, a mediana da largura da cicatriz foi de 1.119 micra com a cola e 1.800 com o "nylon" (P=0,40). A espessura foi de 1.795 contra 1.705 micra (P=0,40). CONCLUSÃO: O 2-octil cianoacrilato apresentou o mesmo aspecto cicatricial, a mesma resistência e as mesmas complicações que a sutura com o "nylon" 4.0, porém permitindo redução no tempo cirúrgico.

    Abstract in English:

    BACKGROUND: Tissue adhesive 2-octyl cyanoacrylate was developed to have more strength, less inflammatory reaction, and less histotoxicity than its shorter-chain derivates. METHODS: To evaluate the use of 2-octil cyanoacrylate in comparison with "nylon" suture in skin closure of rats. Methods: Twenty-five female Wistar rats were submitted to a 3cm surgical incision in each side of the abdomen. The wound was closed with intradermic suture using "nylon" 4-0 in one side, and 2-octil cyanoacrylate on the other side. After 7 days the thread was removed and the wound was checked for complications. After 40 days the wound aspect was clinically evaluated. The rats were sacrificed; the scars were resected, and sent to the pathologist without the information of which closing method was used. RESULTS: There were 2 deaths during anesthesia or few days after surgery. The mean surgical time was 136 seconds with the adhesive and 176 with "nylon" (P=0.003). The complications were: one hematoma in each method (P=0.8), fifteen wound dehiscence with the adhesive and 11 with "nylon" (P=0.2), seven scars with a bad or fair aspect with adhesive and 4 with "nylon" (P=0.3), three infections with adhesive and 2 with "nylon" 2 (P=0.4). Histological examination showed median scar width of 1.119 micron with the adhesive and 1.800 with "nylon" (P=0.7). The mean thickness was 1.795 in the adhesive group versus 1.705 micron (P=0.7). CONCLUSION: Surgical adhesive showed the same aesthetical results, the same strength, and the same complications as for "nylon" 4.0 sutures, but the adhesive decreased the surgical time.
  • New ambulatory techniques for assessment of esophageal motility and their applicability on achalasia study Artigo De Revisão

    Herbella, Fernando A. M.; Del Grande, Jose Carlos

    Abstract in English:

    Brazilian surgeons deal routinely with esophageal motility disorders, because achalasia is highly prevalent in Brazil due to Chagas' disease. In the last years new technologies for the evaluation of esophageal motility became available. High resolution manometry and the combination of barometric parameters and intraluminal impedance are the new frontiers on this topic. The authors reviewed current, national and international, literature about achalasia with multichannel intraluminal impedance and high resolution manometry studies. The new technologies described are promising, however few studies have been published and further studies are still expected for achalasia patients.
  • Skin wounds: adequate dressing choice Artigo De Revisão

    Franco, Diogo; Gonçalves, Luiz Fernando

    Abstract in English:

    Skin wound care can be managed by different ways. Technological advances give us the chance to use a variety of products to meet the desired wound results, however wound care with large skin lesions takes time, patience and understanding to reach the right treatment. This text highlights current clinical practice to offer comprehensive wound management strategies.
  • The surgeon and the current conjuncture Ensino

    Schanaider, Alberto

    Abstract in Portuguese:

    A formação profissional do cirurgião demanda longos anos e se estende muito além do Curso de Graduação. A aquisição de destrezas para o exercício da prática profissional será aperfeiçoada na Residência Médica, mas tão somente a atuação nos diversos cenários que se apresentam no campo cirúrgico irá prepará-lo para as intempéries do campo operatório. A realização de uma pós-graduação stricto sensu não lhe trará bagagem para a atividade assistencial, mas desenvolverá o gosto pelo ensino, pesquisa e quiçá servirá de estímulo para uma opção a carreira docente.

    Abstract in English:

    The training of surgeons demands years of expertise and extends far beyond the Graduate Course. The acquisition of skills for the exercise of professional practice will be improved in the Medical Residence, but only the performance in the various scenarios that are presented in the surgical field will prepare them for the operative field stress. The achievement of a Post-graduate course stricto sensu is not enough to give proficiency in order to someone perform an assistance activity; however it could develop a profile for teaching and researching or perhaps it will serve as incentive for a teacher's career option.
  • Peutz-Jeghers syndrome: case report Relatos De Casos

    Andrade, Aderivaldo Coelho de; Carvalho Júnior, Edílson; Dantas, Karoline da Silva; Sousa, Jocerlano Santos de; Morais, Ricardo Keyson Paiva de

    Abstract in English:

    Peutz-Jeghers syndrome (PJS) is a dominant autosomal inherited disorder characterized by intestinal hamartomatous polyps in association with mucocutaneous melanocytic maculae. This syndrome is rare, and the frequency reaches from 1 in 60,000 to 1 in 300,000 people in the USA. The symptom presentations vary greatly in this disease. Some patients require minor clinical treatment while others undergo many hospitalizations and surgical treatments. In addition, patients with PJS have an increased risk for developing a variety of malignant tumors. The aim of the present study was to report one case studied of Peutz-Jeghers syndrome.
  • Gastric Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor (GIST) Relatos De Casos

    Miranda, Florentino José; Kallás, Daniel Carvalho; Falco, Wilson De; Ravanini, Laert Noel

    Abstract in English:

    Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor (GIST), despite rare, is the most common digestive tract mesenchymal tumor. Modern histogenesis studies have shown its stromal origin and not a muscular origin as it had been believed before. Diagnosis is made through immunohistochemical studies (CD- 117) and treatment is achieved with surgery followed by chemotherapy and has good results. The authors describe a case of gastric GIST discovered after upper gastrointestinal bleeding presentation, and treated successfully.
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