A profile of researchers in speech, language and hearing science with productivity grants from (CNPq)

Rosely de Fátima Pellizzon Brasilia Maria Chiari Bárbara Niegia Garcia de Goulart About the authors

Abstracts

OBJETIVO:

identificar o perfil dos bolsistas de produtividade em pesquisa do Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico - CNPq, na área de Fonoaudiologia.

MÉTODOS:

a partir da lista dos bolsistas de produtividade da área de Fonoaudiologia com bolsas vigentes em 2010, foram verificadas características de formação, publicação de artigos nas bases de dados: LILACS, SciELO Brasil, MEDLINE e Web of Science, identificando a produção de artigos científicos dos bolsistas na comunidade científica brasileira, publicados no período de 2006-2010. Também foi utilizado o indicador JCR e a classificação Qualis para análise das revistas.

RESULTADOS:

das 46 bolsistas, 45 (98%) são graduadas em Fonoaudiologia e exercem a atividade de docência, 22 (47,83%) na Região Sudeste e 24 (52,17%) têm vínculo institucional nas universidades públicas (estaduais). Em relação à produção, foram identificados 935 artigos, sendo 816 (87,27%) em 48 revistas brasileiras e 119 (12,72%)em 47 revistas estrangeiras.Comrespeito às revistas, dos 95 títulos brasileiros e estrangeiros analisados, 38 (40%) não apresentam o fator de impacto.

CONCLUSÕES:

a presença feminina é grande nesta área do conhecimento, sendo a maior ocorrência de pesquisadoras PQ com vinculação institucional nas universidades públicas, localizadas nas regiões Sudeste e Sul do país. A análise da produção de artigos científicos das bolsistas de Fonoaudiologia mostrou uma tendência a publicar seus artigos em revistas brasileiras, sem deixar de buscar a qualidade editorial: revisão de pares e indexação em bases de dados, aliadas ao indicador JCR e àclassificação do Qualis.

Indicadores de Produção Científica; Bibliometria; Apoio à Pesquisa como Assunto; Pesquisadores; Bases de Dados Bibliográficas


PURPOSE:

to identify the profile of research productivity grants of ConselhoNacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq) in the area of Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences.

METHODS:

from the list of grantees of research productivity in the area of Speech with current grants in 2010, were verified characteristics of training, publishing articles in databases: LILACS, SciELO Brazil, MEDLINE, and Web of Science, identifying the production of scientific articles of scholarship in the Brazilian scientific community, published between 2006-2010. It was also used the JCR indicator and the Qualis classification for analysis of journals.

RESULTS:

of the 46 grantees, 45 (98%) are graduated in Speech, Language and Hearing Science and are engaged in teaching activities, 22 (47.83%) in the Southeast and 24 (52.17%) have institutional affiliation in public universities. Regarding production, were identified 935 articles, of which 816 (87.27%) in 48 Brazilian journals and 119 (12.72%)in 47 foreign journals. With respect to journals, from 95 Brazilian and foreign titles analyzed, 38 (40%) showed no impact factor.

CONCLUSIONS:

the presence of women is great in this knowledge area, with the highest occurrence of PQ researchers with institutional affiliation in public universities, located in the Southeast and South country regions. The analysis of scientific articles production from scholars of Speech tended to publish their articles in Brazilian journals, while seeking editorial quality: peer-reviewed and indexed in databases, combined with the JCR indicator and the Qualis classification.

Scientific Publication Indicators; Bibliometrics; Research Support as Topic; Research Personnel; Databases; Bibliographic


Introduction

In the past few years,Brazil has acquireda highlight positionin scientific and high-tech production. These achievementsare linked toinvestments on research and human resources. Parts of these resources come fromthe Science, Technology and Innovation Ministry (Ministério da Ciência, Tecnologia e Inovação- MCTI),throughits promotion agencies: Studies and Projects Financing(Financiadora de Estudos e Projetos - FINEP) and the National Scientific and Technological Development Council(ConselhoNacional de DesenvolvimentoCientífico e Tecnológico - CNPq). The MCTI was created by the Decree 91.146, on March 15th, 1985 to concretizethe formal commitmentbetween the Government and the national scientific community11. Ministério da Ciência, Tecnologia e Inovação [Internet]. Brasília (DF): Ministério da Ciência, Tecnologia e Inovação; c2008. O MCTI; [citado 2012 Fev 11]. Disponível em: http://www.mct.gov.br/index.php/content/view/105.html?execview=)
http://www.mct.gov.br/index.php/content/...
, 22. Tolmasquim AT, Domingues HM. Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq): mais um acervo para a história da ciência. HistCiencSaude-Manguinhos [Internet]. 1998 [citado 2012 Feb 10];5(1):145-52. Disponível em: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0104-59701998000100009&lng=en
http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=s...
.

To acknowledgethe strategic importanceof science and technologyis to acknowledgethe brazilian's administration and society's effortsto get a hold on the scientific and technologic knowledge,improving the pace, reachand directionof the country's social and economic development22. Tolmasquim AT, Domingues HM. Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq): mais um acervo para a história da ciência. HistCiencSaude-Manguinhos [Internet]. 1998 [citado 2012 Feb 10];5(1):145-52. Disponível em: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0104-59701998000100009&lng=en
http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=s...
, 33. Oliveira Filho RSd, Hochman B, Nahas FX, Ferreira LM. Fomento à publicação científica e proteção do conhecimento científico. Acta Cir Bras. 2005;20(supl.2):35-9..

To turn knowledge intowealth and social developmentis the current world's foundation, and by this way, Brazil's CNPqhas been decisive. Knowledge is one of the main inputsto generate wealth. They also pointthe Universities' main roleinthe allegiancebetweeneducation and learning evolving, 44. Cruz CHB, Pacheco CA. Conhecimento e inovação: desafios do Brasil no século XXI [Internet]. Campinas (SP): Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Instituto de Física "GlebWataghin"; 2006 [citado 2012 Fev 11]. Disponível em: http://www.ifi.unicamp.br/~brito/artigos/inte-pacheco-brito.pdf
http://www.ifi.unicamp.br/~brito/artigos...
.

Today, Brazil is responsible for 2,69% of world's publishing and 54,42% of Latin America's publishing55. Behlau M. Editorial. Rev Soc Bras Fonoaudiol [Internet]. 2011 Mar [citado 2012 Maio 14];16(1):VII-VIII. Disponível em: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-80342011000100002&lng=pt. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-80342011000100002
http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=s...
.This noticeable expansion is observed in consolidated fields like medicine, physics, chemistry, human sciences, social studies and engineering66. Marques F. Fôlego crescente: produção acadêmica bate recorde no país, embora seu impacto ainda não seja tão expressivo. Pesqui Fapesp [internet]. 2007 [citado 2012 Ago 17];138:[cerca de 2 p.]. Disponível em: http://revistapesquisa.fapesp.br.
http://revistapesquisa.fapesp.br...
.Particularlyin the health scope, it is being shown by the extending of post-graduation programs, forming of research crews, amount of qualified researchers and publishing of scientific articles in indexed journals77. Guimarães JA. A pesquisa médica e biomédica no Brasil: comparações com o desempenho científico brasileiro e mundial. Ciênc Saúde Coletiva. 2004;9(2):303-27..

The Health field participation in the national's scientific production increased the urge of investments and financial resources for research projects and for productivity grants on research of the CNPq, which offers many kinds of grants, being it individual within the country or abroad, or grants by quotes. In the individual scientific promotion grants category,the Research Productivity grant (PQ) is listed. Its purpose is "to encouragethe growthof research activitycontinuously, in national institutions, aiming the knowledge harvestand the formation of investigators,by providing attractive and equitable material conditionsfor active researchers"88. Hostins RCL. Os Planos Nacionais de Pós-graduação (PNPG) e suas repercussões na Pós-graduação brasileira. Perspectiva. 2008;24(1):133-60. , 99. Castro RM. A pós-graduação em educação no Brasil: alguns aspectos à luz de estudos realizados na área. Educ Rev. [periódico na internet]. 2012 [citado 2012 Ago 17];28(4):263-87. Disponível em: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0102-46982012000400011&lng=en&tlng=pt. 10.1590/S0102-46982012000400011
http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=s...
.

The investments madein this PQ grant category allowed the growth of this scientific production,as qualitatively as quantitatively. On investments matter, PQgrants surpassed the 11kmark by 2009,increasing about 14%1010. Ministério Ciência e Tecnologia (BR), Secretaria-Executiva, Assessoria de Acompanhamento e Avaliação. Plano plurianual 2008-2011: relatório de avaliação - exercício 2010 - ano base 2009 [Internet]. Brasília: Ministério Ciência e Tecnologia; 2010 [citado 2012 Maio 14]. Disponível em: http://sigmct.mct.gov.br/upd_blob/0000/412.pdf
http://sigmct.mct.gov.br/upd_blob/0000/4...
.

This kind of grant allows individual concessions to researchersof Doctorate degree or equal scientific degree,from all knowledge scopes, intending to showcase their work and enrich their academic production. Researchers granted with thePQ grantare divided into five different levels: 2, 1D, 1C, 1B and 1A, comparatively based ontheir pairs and the last ten years data.Among themare the ones who presented skills to continuously raise human resources. Level A is destined to applicantswho have shown constant distinction on scientific production, raising human resources and leading solid researching crews. Levels B and C applicants,further than the crescent contribution on raising human resources and scientific and technological production, are valued by their work on organizing researching crews,graduation and post-graduation programs in their Institutions. On level 2, the personal production of the applicant is observed, with emphasis on published works and orientations, both referred to the past five years1111. CNPq [Internet]. Brasília (DF): Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico; [2012c]. Documents [citado 2012 Fev 11]. Disponível em: http://www.cnpq.br/documents/10157/5f43cefd-7a9a-4030-945e-4a0fa10a169a
http://www.cnpq.br/documents/10157/5f43c...
.

On Speech Language Pathology, researches reflect on the amount of articles published in this area.This way, to measure and identify the production of the original scientific articles made by students with grants in Speech Language Pathologyfrom the CNPq is one of the most important subjectsto trackquantitative tendencies and features of this production. Then, to locate the researchers' Curriculum Lattes, their databases, as the Journal Citation Reports (JCR) impact factor indicators and the Qualis classification of periodicals becomes fundamental to the identification of the productionmade in Brazil and outside, as well as the way and whereit was disclosed.

The present study aims to identify the profiles of the PQgranteesaccording to informationsregarding their graduation, titration and professional institutional affiliations,and find the production of their scientific articlespublished in brazilian and foreign journals, according to the JCR indicator (international) 1212. Journal Citation Reports [Internet]. New York: Thomson Reuters; 2012. Journal Impact Factor; [cited 2012 Jul 11]. Available from: http://admin-apps.webofknowledge.com/JCR/JCR?RQ=RECORD&rank=1&journal=AM+J+SPEECH-LANG+PAT
http://admin-apps.webofknowledge.com/JCR...
and the Qualis1313. CAPES: Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior [Internet]. Brasília (DF): Ministério da Educação; [data desconhecida]. Qualis Periódicos; [citado 2012 Fev 11]. Disponível em: http://www.capes.gov.br/avaliacao/qualis
http://www.capes.gov.br/avaliacao/qualis...
classification of journals between 2006 and 2010,from the PQgranteesin research of theCNPq, in Speech Language Pathology.

Methods

This research was approved by the São Paulo's Hospital and the Federal University's Ethics in Research Committee (Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa da Universidade Federal de São Paulo/Hospital São Paulo), implemented respecting the Resolution 196, established by the National Council of Health (Conselho Nacional de Saúde) at October 10th, 1996, according toan Advice dated May 21st, 2010 (CEP 0658/10).

Thisis a descriptive and qualitative study based on appropriate data to its application, as its main objective is the description of features of given population or phenomenon.

The selectionof researchers was made according tothe list disclosed by theCNPqin 2010, regarding 46 PQ grantees in Speech Language Pathology1414. CNPq [Internet]. Brasília (DF): Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico; [2012e]. Produtividade em Pesquisa (PQ); [citado 2012 Fev 11]. Disponível em: http://plsql1.cnpq.br/divulg/RESULTADO_PQ_102003.prc_comp_cmt_links?V_COD_DEMANDA=200310&V_TPO_RESULT=CURSO&V_COD_AREA_CONHEC=40700003&V_COD_CMT_ASSESSOR=MS
http://plsql1.cnpq.br/divulg/RESULTADO_P...
. The grantees' features were analyzed starting with the Curriculum Lattes, which was up to date in 2010. The extracted information, according to inclusive criteria, was:

a) Titration (Doutorado, Pós-Doutorado and Livre-Docência, a degree similar to Habilitation, above Associate Professor);b) public and particular Institutions (genres) where they got the titrations of Doutorado and respective acknowledge areas, following the CAPES ranking (Brazil andworldwide);c) institutions where they got Pós-Doutorado (Brazil and worldwide); d) Institutions where they advocated Livre-Docência;e) Institutions to which they are professionally filliated.

The production of scientific articles was identified in national and international databases. Related to the scientific journals analysis, the JCR indicator from 2010 and Qualis classificationof periodics,referring to the time between 2007 to 2009,updated on January 2010 were used.

The information about scientific articles productionof the 46 CNPq Productivity Grant Researchers were collected from the most important databases of the Science and Health fields, limited to the processing timeframe from 2006 to 2010, which are the following: LILACS - Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde - from BIREME (Latin-American and Caribe Information Center ofHealth Sciences) - OPAS (Organização Pan Americana da Saúde) - OMS (Organização Mundial da Saúde); SciELOBrasil - (ScientificElectronic Library Online) - FAPESP (Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo); MEDLINE (Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online);NLM (National Library of Medicine - Bethesda - Washington - USA); Web of Science (WOS) and quote indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI - Expanded), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI) e Arts&HumanitiesCitation Index (A&HCI)from the company Thomson Reuters, Philadelphia - USA.

The bibliographic researchon these databases was made over each researcher's full name, homonyms and surnames variations, identifying the scientific articles production wrote by them as main author or co-author.

From the indexed production from 2006 to 2010,were excluded duplicated scientific articles, indexed among the several sources investigated, also those filed as editorials, notes, replicas, supplements, events and bulletin. Althoughit is part ofthe knowledge and propaganda from Speech Language Pathology field, other types of papers were discarded, such as: books, books chapters, dissertations and thesis, once it was not listed in the researched databases like LILACS, SciELO Brasil, MEDLINE and WOS.

After the calculation of the results, it was analyzed according to its absolute values (N) and relatives (%).

Results

Profile of productivity grant researchers in Speech Language Pathology and their production in scientific journals

The Speech Language Pathology productivity grant researchers ofCNPq sum 46 individuals, being 38 level PQ-2 (83%) and less distributed among the levels PQ-1A to PQ-1D, 8 grantees (17%).

Regarding researchers titration, considering fields of study, it is noted that 54,35% are graduated in Speech Language Pathologyand 45,75% on other fields (linguistics, psychology, medicine, biology, historyand public health).

As of getting the Doctorate degree, from 46 grantees, the majority, i.e. 40 (86,96%) got it in the Southeast region; 4 (8,70%) in the Southand 2 (4,35%) abroad the country. As for the post-Doctorate, 9 granteesgot it abroad, 3 in the Southeast region and 1 in the South.

The Livre-Docente degree was mentioned by 22 grantees which advocated it in the Southeast region. Regarding the employment links, most of the grantees, 24 (52,17%) are concentrated in state Institutions, prevailing those of level PQ-2,and 12 in federal Institutions (26,09%).

The grantees researchers published 935 articles within the timeframe from 2006 to 2010. The information was collected from the databases LILACS, SciELOBrasil, MEDLINE (MDL) and Web of Science (WOS). The production of these researchers was disclosed in 48 Brazilian journals, corresponding to 816 (87,27%) articles (Table 1). From this total, 12 journals are indexed in all databases (LILACS, SciELO Brasil, MDL e WOS), that corresponds to 41 (5,02%) articles published by the researchers; 2 in the databases LILACS, SciELO Brasil and MEDLINE, reuniting 318(38,97%) articles and 12 in the databases LILACS andSciELOBrasil,with363 (44,48%) articles (Table 1).

The data collected shows that PQ grantees concentrate their publishing in the Speech Language Pathology field, featuring: Pró-Fono: Revista de Atualização Científica, Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Fonoaudiologia and Revista CEFAC, that together sum 543 (66,54%) articles. All of them indexed on LILACS, SciELO Brasil and MEDLINE databases(Table 1).

The productivity researchers published in 47 foreign journals, totalizing 119 (12,72%) articles(Table 2). Out of 47 journals, 43 (91,48%) are indexed in MEDLINE and WOS databases, containing 108 (11,55%) published articles and only 4 in MEDLINE, with 11 (9,24%) published articles (Table 2). The majority of their publishing is linked to 4 foreign journals: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal (9,24%), International Journal of Audiology (8,40%), American Journal of Medical Genetics - Part A (7,56%) and Folia Phoniatrica e Logopaedica (6,72%), totalizing 38 (31,93%) articles from the production sent to foreign journals (Table 2).

Starting on the impact indices, two indicators were analyzed: Qualis - CAPES1313. CAPES: Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior [Internet]. Brasília (DF): Ministério da Educação; [data desconhecida]. Qualis Periódicos; [citado 2012 Fev 11]. Disponível em: http://www.capes.gov.br/avaliacao/qualis
http://www.capes.gov.br/avaliacao/qualis...
from the years 2007-2009, with updating on February 2010 of the JCR1212. Journal Citation Reports [Internet]. New York: Thomson Reuters; 2012. Journal Impact Factor; [cited 2012 Jul 11]. Available from: http://admin-apps.webofknowledge.com/JCR/JCR?RQ=RECORD&rank=1&journal=AM+J+SPEECH-LANG+PAT
http://admin-apps.webofknowledge.com/JCR...
, that shows the relation between the indices of the 48 Brazilian journals and the 47 foreign journals (Tables 3 and 4).

Regarding to the brazilian journals, the grantees researchers published their articles in 48 titles making 816 articles, only 14 of these journalshaving both indicators: JCR and Qualis, correspondingto 45 (5,5%) published articles. By the Qualis classification, the grantees researchers published mainly in journals rated A2 (four articles), B1 (583 articles) and B2 (175 articles) (Table 3).

Fromthe 47 foreign journals totalizing 119 articles, only 29 had both indicators, corresponding to 87 (73,10%) published articles by the grantees. By the Qualis classification, the grantees researchers published mainly in journals rated: A1 (2 journals, 11 articles), A2 (11 with 40 articles), B1 (15 with 24 articles), B2 (2 with 7articles) and C (2with5articles), while in the JCR the 47 journals presented variations between the indices from the highest 7.271 to the lowest 0.451 (Table 4).

Discussion

Based upon the increasing Brazilian scientific production, Brazil has acquired along the past few years a highlight position on high-tech production thanks to investments applied to research and human resources. One of the responsibles promotion agenciesin this enterprise isthe CNPq, which gives grantsto form human resourcesin the field of scientific and technological research, inUniversities, research institutes, technological and professional forming centers, both in Brazil and abroad. Among the several types of grants is the Productivity in Research - PQ designatedto researchers with Doctorate degree or equal, from all acknowledgement fields, aiming to showcase their work and enrich their academic production. It is given individuallyto the researcher in reason of the offer virtue, attending to requirements established by the CNPq and qualifying criteria established by theAdvising Committee of each field and the Comissão de Assessoramento Técnico-Científico 1111. CNPq [Internet]. Brasília (DF): Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico; [2012c]. Documents [citado 2012 Fev 11]. Disponível em: http://www.cnpq.br/documents/10157/5f43cefd-7a9a-4030-945e-4a0fa10a169a
http://www.cnpq.br/documents/10157/5f43c...
.

Speech Language Pathology, for being inserted in an epistemic and multidisciplinary field, reasons with biological, languageand communication sciences1515. Lacerda CBF, Panhoca I, Chun RYS. Formação em Fonoaudiologia: a constituição de um caminhar. In: Lacerda CBF, Panhoca I organizadores. Tempo de Fonoaudiologia. Taubaté (SP): Cabral Editora Universitária; 1998. p. 9-28.. This multidisciplinarity is reflected in the formation's traitsof the graduation, titrating of Doctorateand others titrating and institutional affiliations. The accomplishment of Doctorate, employing contractand other titratingin the Southeast regioncan be associated tothe better available infrastructure on research and development (P&D), specialized human resourcesand higher amount of investments1616. FAPESP: Fundação de Amparo à pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo. Produção científica. In: Indicadores de ciência, tecnologia e inovação em São Paulo 2001 [Internet]. São Paulo: Fundação de Amparo à pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo; 2002 [citado 2012 Fev 11]. Disponível em: http://www.fapesp.br/indct/cap06/cap06.htm
://www.fapesp.br/indct/cap06/cap06.htm...
.Consideringthe growth of researchers with Doctorate in Speech Language Pathology and the number of grantees included in an everyday smaller share of the researchers' group, the pressure to obtain these grants has increased, leading to tougher rules for these grants been given by the CNPq1717. Barata RB, Goldbaum M. Perfil dos pesquisadores com bolsa de produtividade em pesquisa do CNPqda área de saúde coletiva. Cad Saúde Pública = Rep. Public Health [Internet]. 2003 [citado 2009 Set 17];19(6):1863-76. Disponível em: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0102-311X2003000600031&lng=pt&nrm=isso
http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=s...
. Further studies taken1818. Cavalcante RA, Barbosa DR, Bonan PR, Pires MB, Martelli-Júnior H. Perfil dos pesquisadores da área de odontologia no Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq). Rev Bras Epidemiol [Internet]. 2008 [2012 Jun 3];11(1):106-13. Disponível em: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1415-790X2008000100010&lng=pt&nrm=iso>
http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=s...
, 1919. Santos SM, Lima LS, Martelli DR, Martelli-Junior H. Perfil dos pesquisadores da Saúde Coletiva no Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico. Physis [Internet]. 2009 [citado 2012 Jun 24];19(3):761-75. Disponível em: <http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&amp;pid=S0103-73312009000300012&amp;lng=en&amp;nrm=iso>. ISSN 0103-7331. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-73312009000300012
http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=s...
found similar results about the researchers' concentration in the same country's regions and affiliated to Universities.

To increase the researcher's visibility close to their pairs will be possible through the divulgation of their scientific works in national and foreign journals, even more those indexed in databases of health fields acclaimed in the scientific medium2020. Zimba HF, Mueller SP. Colaboração internacional e visibilidade científica de países em desenvolvimento: o caso da pesquisa na área de medicina veterinária em Moçambique. InformSoc Estud. 2004 [citado 2012 Maio 14];14(1):1-13. Disponível em: http://www.ies.ufpb.br/ojs2/index.php/ies/article/view/71/1544
http://www.ies.ufpb.br/ojs2/index.php/ie...
.One reason for the expansion of the Brazilian scientific production is the stability of investments from promotions agencies, such as CNPq and CAPES1717. Barata RB, Goldbaum M. Perfil dos pesquisadores com bolsa de produtividade em pesquisa do CNPqda área de saúde coletiva. Cad Saúde Pública = Rep. Public Health [Internet]. 2003 [citado 2009 Set 17];19(6):1863-76. Disponível em: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&amp;pid=S0102-311X2003000600031&amp;lng=pt&amp;nrm=isso
http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=s...
. The internal investments in research and development, linked to current changesof political allegiancesadopted by these agencies,has been reflected over the publishing of researches' resultsin Brazilian and foreign journals1717. Barata RB, Goldbaum M. Perfil dos pesquisadores com bolsa de produtividade em pesquisa do CNPqda área de saúde coletiva. Cad Saúde Pública = Rep. Public Health [Internet]. 2003 [citado 2009 Set 17];19(6):1863-76. Disponível em: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&amp;pid=S0102-311X2003000600031&amp;lng=pt&amp;nrm=isso
http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=s...
.

Analyzing the grantees production,it was noticeable that 100 articles published in 40 brazilian journalsdidn't hit 1% of each one's production, what configures a great dispersion over the articles' publishing, according to the Bradford literature dispersion law, that determines to establish the core and dispersion areas over a given subject or a group of journals2121. Ferreira AG. Bibliometria na avaliação de periódicos científicos. DataGramaZero. 2010 [citado 2012 Maio 14];11(3):[cerca de 1 tela]. Disponível em: http://www.dgz.org.br/jun10/Art_05.htm
http://www.dgz.org.br/jun10/Art_05.htm...
.The data also reflects a large sort of divulgation mediums of Speech Language Pathology scientific production. The articles tend to concentrate in journals specialized in its own field. Similar results were gotten by the authors1919. Santos SM, Lima LS, Martelli DR, Martelli-Junior H. Perfil dos pesquisadores da Saúde Coletiva no Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico. Physis [Internet]. 2009 [citado 2012 Jun 24];19(3):761-75. Disponível em: <http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&amp;pid=S0103-73312009000300012&amp;lng=en&amp;nrm=iso>. ISSN 0103-7331. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-73312009000300012
http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=s...
in the public health field1717. Barata RB, Goldbaum M. Perfil dos pesquisadores com bolsa de produtividade em pesquisa do CNPqda área de saúde coletiva. Cad Saúde Pública = Rep. Public Health [Internet]. 2003 [citado 2009 Set 17];19(6):1863-76. Disponível em: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&amp;pid=S0102-311X2003000600031&amp;lng=pt&amp;nrm=isso
http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=s...
when analyzing the group of occupational therapy journals.

It is important to point out that there is two scientific journal categories: with and without peer-review - only the journals with peer-review must be counted. The pair evaluation is based on the assumption that it gives a trustful quality measure of a manuscript and its conformity to the field's parameters. Its value also relays on providing an evaluation, in order to a manuscript may be improved through a revision2222. Solomon DJ. The role of peer review for scholarly journals in the information age. J Eletric Pub. [Internet]. 2007 [citado 2012 Maio 14];10(1):[cerca de 1 tela]. Disponível em: http://quod.lib.umich.edu/j/jep/3336451.0010.107?rgn=main;view=fulltext
http://quod.lib.umich.edu/j/jep/3336451....
, 2323. Silva MR. Periódicos científicos brasileiros: visibilidade e charme. RevEscEnferm USP. [Internet]. 2012 [citado 2012 Maio 21];46(1):9-10. Disponível em: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&amp;pid=S0080-62342012000100001&amp;lng=pt. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0080-62342012000100001.
http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=s...
.

Resuming, the production of this researchers group reaches, therefore, worldwide divulgation mainly through national indexed journals based upon international data. Also are considered for publishing of their works reasonable editorial quality journals, which contains: originality and quality of the published articles, selection of the articles by an editorial board acclaimed within the academic community of its field and peer-review1818. Cavalcante RA, Barbosa DR, Bonan PR, Pires MB, Martelli-Júnior H. Perfil dos pesquisadores da área de odontologia no Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq). Rev Bras Epidemiol [Internet]. 2008 [2012 Jun 3];11(1):106-13. Disponível em: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&amp;pid=S1415-790X2008000100010&amp;lng=pt&amp;nrm=iso>
http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=s...
, 2424. Botome SP. Avaliação entre "pares" na ciência e na academia: aspectos clandestinos de um julgamento nem sempre científico, acadêmico ou "de avaliação". Psicol USP. [Internet]. 2011 [citado 2012 Maio 14];22(2):335-56. Disponível em: http://www.scielo.br/pdf/pusp/v22n2/aop1711.pdf
http://www.scielo.br/pdf/pusp/v22n2/aop1...

25. Bloom T. Systems: online frontiers of the peer-reviewed literature. Nature. 2006 [cited 2012 May 14]. Available from: http://www.nature.com/nature/peerreview/debate/index.html
http://www.nature.com/nature/peerreview/...
- 2626. Kumashiro KK. Thinking collaboratively about the peer-review process for journal-article publication. Harvard Educ Rev. 2005;75(3):257-87..

To investigate the scientific production over a subject is relevant, because on watching the trajectory of its historical overview investigation tendencies are revealed and there is support for a research 2727. Yamamoto OH, Menandro PRM, Koller SH, LoBianco AC, Hutz CS, Bueno JLO, Guedes MC. Avaliação dos periódicos científicos brasileiros da área de psicologia. CiênInfor. 2002;31(2):163-77. , 2828. Andrade CR, Ferreira LP. Análise da produção científica da Fonoaudiologia: experiência no CNPq no período de 2007-2010. Rev Soc Bras Fonoaudiol. [Internet]. 2010 [citado 2012 Maio 14];15(2):313-5. Disponível em: http://www.scielo.br/pdf/rsbf/v15n2/31.pdf
http://www.scielo.br/pdf/rsbf/v15n2/31.p...
. Pointing evidences that given condition existor certain results have been obtained is done through the biometric indicators2929. Brizius JA, Campbell MD. Getting results: a guide for government accountability. Washington (DC): Council of Governors Policy Advisors; 1991.. They aid the professionals up to take a decisionon evaluating the progresses,on executing the results and goals, composing part of a responsibilization system based on results. Therefore, are taken to evaluate the scientific investigation: research projects, journals, articles, researchers, institutions, and even the international insertion of universities and research centers3030. Meadows AJ. A comunicação científica. Brasília: Briquet de Lemos; 1999..

One of the indicators applied to this work is of international scope: impact factor. The impact factor is availableby Thomson Reuters1212. Journal Citation Reports [Internet]. New York: Thomson Reuters; 2012. Journal Impact Factor; [cited 2012 Jul 11]. Available from: http://admin-apps.webofknowledge.com/JCR/JCR?RQ=RECORD&amp;rank=1&amp;journal=AM+J+SPEECH-LANG+PAT
http://admin-apps.webofknowledge.com/JCR...
through JCRbase,that was created on the 60sby the scientists Irving H. Sherand Eugene Garfield3131. Garfield E, Sher IH. New factors in the evaluation of scientific literature through citation indexing. Am Doc. 1963;14(3):195-201..On national scope the classification is Qualis.

The impact factor, according to Garfield3232. Garfield E . Journal impact factor: a brief review. CMAJ. 1999;161(8):979-80. , 3333. Garfield E . Use of Journal Citation Reports and Journal Performance Indicators in measuring short and long term journal impact. Croat Med J. 2000;41(4):368-74,reflects the importance of the periodics but not of the articles in it. The impact factor is a system observes how many times the articles of a journal are quoted within a timeframe (2 to 5 years), divided by the amount of articles published in this journal across the same timeframe.

Qualis is a classification of the divulgation medium of the Brazilian scientific productions in post-graduation programs, which offers Master and Doctorate courses accredited by CAPES. The Qualis uses as evaluation the JCR impact factor on journals, judging the titles employed by the authors who published in each field of knowledgement2323. Silva MR. Periódicos científicos brasileiros: visibilidade e charme. RevEscEnferm USP. [Internet]. 2012 [citado 2012 Maio 21];46(1):9-10. Disponível em: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&amp;pid=S0080-62342012000100001&amp;lng=pt. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0080-62342012000100001.
http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=s...
, 3434. Silva MR . Reflexões críticas sobre os três erres, ou os periódicos brasileiros excluídos. Clinics [Internet]. 2011 [citado 2012 Maio 21];66(1):3-7. Disponível em: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&amp;pid=S1807-59322011000100002&amp;lng=pt. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1807-59322011000100002.
http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=s...
, 3535. Silva AO. A sua revista tem qualis? Mediações Rev Ciênc Soc [Internet]. 2009 [citado 2012 Maio 14];14(1):117-24. Disponível em: http://www.uel.br/revistas/uel/index.php/mediacoes/article/view/3350/2736
http://www.uel.br/revistas/uel/index.php...
.

Starting on the impact rates, 95 Brazilian and foreign titles were analyzed. From these, 38 (40%), 34 brazilian and 4 foreign, do not have the impact factor, because they are not indexed on the Web of Science database.

In this study, it is noticeable that very few brazilian journalsare rated A1 and A2 on the Qualis,in such way that incentive politics are required for a bigger number of Brazilian journalsreach the international categories.

Analyzing the information, it is valid to mention that the use of the Qualis classification has been reason for several criticisms. The chase for quality standardsmade the article publishing processto become exclusively directed to journalswith higher impact factor, in other words, a select group of journals rated with Qualis. Post-graduation programs encourage the students to publish their workson this kind of journals to obtain titles, given the program is evaluated based on points reached by teachers and students3535. Silva AO. A sua revista tem qualis? Mediações Rev Ciênc Soc [Internet]. 2009 [citado 2012 Maio 14];14(1):117-24. Disponível em: http://www.uel.br/revistas/uel/index.php/mediacoes/article/view/3350/2736
http://www.uel.br/revistas/uel/index.php...

36. Barros DD, Oliver FC. Contribuindo para a discussão do Qualis de terapia ocupacional no Brasil. Rev Ter Ocup Univ São Paulo. [Internet]. 2003 [citado 2012 Jun 14]:14(2):52-63. Disponível em: http://www.revistasusp.sibi.usp.br/pdf/rto/v14n2/02.pdf
http://www.revistasusp.sibi.usp.br/pdf/r...
- 3737. Costa ALF, Yamamoto OH . Publicação e avaliação de periódicos científicos: paradoxos da avaliação qualis de psicologia. Psicol. estud. [Internet]. 2008 [citado 2012 Jul 22]: 13(1):13-24. Disponível em: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&amp;pid=S1413-73722008000100003&amp;lng=en&amp;nrm=iso
http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=s...
.

The data also reveals that there is a tendency of publishing more on Brazilian journals and less on foreign ones. Noticing this fact allows us to reflect over two statements: the impulse to write in the native language is too higher than to write in another language3030. Meadows AJ. A comunicação científica. Brasília: Briquet de Lemos; 1999.and that the Brazilian journals are indexed over important databases, what is accepted as an indicative parameter of scientific vigor3838. Damasceno WA, Friedman S. Análise da produção científica fonoaudiológica nacional sobre gagueira. Rev CEFAC. [Internet]. 2011 Fev [citado 2012 Fev 09];13(1):41-7. Disponível em: http://www.scielo.br/pdf/rcefac/v13n1/175-09.pdf
http://www.scielo.br/pdf/rcefac/v13n1/17...
.The article is,no doubt, the most efficient communicationof the research.To invest on and strengthen these professionals allows the development of learning activities, research and extension, reckoned as the main duty of the University3939. Berberian AP, Ferreira LP, Corteletti LCBJ, Azevedo JB, Marques JM. A produção do conhecimento em distúrbios da comunicação: análise de periódicos (2000-2005). Rev Soc Bras Fonoaudiol. 2009;14(2):153-9. , 4040. Ferreira LP, Russo ICP, Adami F. Fonoaudiólogos doutores no Brasil: perfil da formação no período de 1976 a 2008. Pró-Fono R Atual. Cient. 2010;22(2):89-95..

There is an evident projection about the scientific production of Speech Language Pathology and its consolidation as research field,assuming the role of interlocutor on the formation of its theoretical and methodological structure to spread the knowledge. This way, for being a field that interacts with many areas of the knowledge, it is important to reflect over the autonomy desired and how it is supposed to establish a conversation with researchers and research centers of foreign excellency to consolidate the built knowledge.

Conclusion

To achieve the suggested objectives, the profile of theSpeech Language Pathology with grants on productivity research of CNPq was studied, which allowed to identify:

  1. 1. The feminine presence is still high in the knowledge field, being the major occurrence of PQ researcherslinked to public Universities (specially State ones), located on the South and Southeast of the country.

  2. 2. The analysis of the scientific production of the Speech Language Pathology grantees showed a tendency to publish in Brazilian journals, not letting the search for editorial quality: peer reviewand indexation in databases, allied to the JCR indicator and the Qualis classification.

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Publication Dates

  • Publication in this collection
    Sep-Oct 2014

History

  • Received
    12 Oct 2012
  • Accepted
    08 July 2013
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