Co-inoculation of Rhizobium tropici and Azospirillum brasilense in common beans grown under two irrigation depths1 Part of the dissertation of the first author.

Co-inoculação de Rhizobium tropici e Azospirillum brasilense em feijoeiro cultivado sob duas lâminas de irrigação

Amanda Ribeiro Peres²* Ricardo Antonio Ferreira Rodrigues³ Orivaldo Arf José Roberto Portugal Daiene Camila Dias Chaves Corsini About the authors

ABSTRACT

The alternative technique of co-inoculation or mixed inoculation with symbiotic and non-symbiotic bacteria has been studied in leguminous plants. However, there are few field studies with common beans and under the influence of the amount of irrigated water. Thus, the objective of this study was to evaluate the efficiency of inoculation and co-inoculation of common beans with Rhizobium tropici and Azospirillum brasilense under two irrigation depths. The experiment was carried out in the winter of 2012 and 2013, in Selvíria, state of Mato Grosso do Sul. The experimental design was composed of randomized blocks in split-plot scheme with two irrigation depths in the plots (recommended for common beans and 75% of the recommended) and five forms of nitrogen (N) supply in the split-plots (control non-inoculated with 40 kg ha- 1 of N in topdressing, 80 kg ha- 1 of N in topdressing, A. brasilense inoculation with 40 kg ha-1 of N in topdressing, R. tropici inoculation with 40 kg ha-1 of N in topdressing, and co-inoculation of A. brasilense and R. tropici with 40 kg ha- 1 of N in topdressing) with four repetitions. Co-inoculation increased nodulation in the second year of cultivation. None of the evaluated treatments increased the grain yield in relation to non-inoculated control with 40 kg ha-1 of nitrogen in topdressing, which presented average yield of 2,200 kg ha-1. The use of 75% of the recommended irrigation depth provides similar grain yield to the recommended irrigation depth in common beans cropped in winter.

Key words:
Phaseolus vulgaris L.; nitrogen, N2 biological fixation; plant growth-promoting bacteria; water

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