Cassava has a high yield potential that can be achieved with adequate liming and fertilization of the soil. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of organic fertilizer application, in association or not with liming, on yield and morphological characteristics of cassava roots and on chemical and physical properties of the soil. The experiment was arranged in the split plot design. The plots corresponded to limestone rates (0 and 2.5 t ha-1) and the sub-plots to chicken manure rates (0, 4, 8, and 12 t ha-1). Yield showed no response to limestone application, but responded to manure, producing 43 t ha-1 of roots at the rate of 8 t ha-1. The treatments had no influence on soil density and total porosity. The addition of manure increased the concentrations of P and K, while the addition of limestone increased Ca and Mg in the soil. The pH was affected only by limestone. Therefore, limestone does not affect crop yield and soil physical properties up to the amount used. Use of chicken manure up to 8 t ha-1 increased yield. Limestone and manure affect soil fertility in different ways.
Manihot esculenta Crantz; chicken manure; root length; soil density; nutrient.