Selectivity of commercial natural products to Trichogramma pretiosum (Riley, 1879) (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae)

The selectivity of natural products to parasitoids is not well known. Thus, the objective of this work was to evaluate the selectivity of this commercial natural products to Trichogramma pretiosum Riley (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae). The products used in the experiment were the following: Baicao®, Orobor® and Topneem® at doses recommended by the manufacturers and were sprayed on cards containing sterilized eggs of Anagasta kuehniella Zeller (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). For the free-choice test, a T. pretiosumfemale was confined with two cards, one of them was sprayed with the natural products and the other was considered control, evaluating the percentage of parasitism. The no-choice test consisted in spraying treatments on cards previously or subsequently to parasitism. The number of parasitized eggs, percentage of emergence and longevity of adults were evaluated in both tests. Topneem® and Baicao® showed increase in parasitism of T. pretiosum in the free-choice test. Baicao® sprayed previously on cards containing eggs of A. kuehniellahad a negative effect on the emergency of T. pretiosum in the no-choice test. A reduction in the number of parasitizedeggs was found when Baicao® was sprayed previously in the parasitism treatment. Orobor® was selective to T. pretiosum in the experiment conditions and it did not affect negatively the parameters evaluated. Baicao® was not selective to T. pretiosum, it affected negatively most of the parameters evaluated, and classified as slightly harmful for toxicity to T. pretiosum adults under laboratory conditions.

compatibility; non-target organism; parasitoid

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