Production of gherkin seedlings in coconut fiber fertirrigated with different nutrient solutions

Produção de mudas de cultivares de maxixeiro em fibra de coco fertirrigadas com diferentes concentrações de nutrientes

Francisco de Assis de Oliveira Maria da Saúde de Souza Ribeiro Mychelle Karla Teixeira de Oliveira Daniele Campos Martins Maria Lilia de Souza Neta José Francismar de Medeiros About the authors

ABSTRACT

Seedling quality is a key factor to achieve success in vegetable production. The present work aimed to evaluate the production of gherkin seedlings in substrate of coconut fiber fertirrigated with different concentrations of nutrients. The experimental design was completely randomized in a 3 × 5 factorial with four replications. The treatments consisted of combinations of three cultivars of gherkin (Do Norte, Liso de Calcutá, e Liso Gibão) with five concentrations of nutrients in the solution (0, 25, 50, 75, and 100%). The nutrient solution, considered standard, matches the recommended solution for melon in hydroponic systems. We evaluated the variables: chlorophyll index, shoot length, number of leaves, stem diameter, main root length, dry weight of leaves, roots, and stem, mass of total dry matter, leaf area, specific leaf area, and leaf area ratio. All variables were affected by the ionic concentration in nutrient solutions. The use of coconut fiber in the production of gherkin seedlings is more efficient with nutrient solutions in concentrations ranging from 75 to 100% of the recommended solution for melon cultivation.

Key words:
Cucumis anguria; propagation; mineral nutrition; seedlings quality

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