The study thematizes reparations for violations of indigenous peoples’ human rights that occurred during the Brazilian dictatorship from 1946 to 1988, a period of time covered by the Amnesty Law (Law number 6.683). The study is intended to answer the following question: before transitional justice, what reparation mechanisms existed for the indigenous peoples in Brazil? In this context of transitional (in)justice and reparation for this minority, questions arise as to what measures should be taken by the Brazilian state, private companies, and/or military agents. The objective of this research is to draw adequate parameters of reparation to the indigenous peoples in Brazil, through the right to truth, memory, justice, and territory. Results indicate that reparatory mechanisms for indigenous peoples are fragile, because many legal limitations have been created to make it impossible to promote an indigenous transitional justice system and seek the right to memory, justice, truth, reparation, and territory.
Transitional justice; Indigenous peoples; Dictatorship