This study aimed at knowing the care in childbirths conducted by midwives by the middle of 20th century. It is a study of qualitative approach using as reference the Content Analysis. Four midwives were interviewed. Five categories emerged: Motivation to be a midwife; learning to be a midwife; positioning the midwife's work; developing care; work compensation. Midwives sought this occupation for institutional and job need. They learned the work in courses and practice. At home, conditions were poor, and in hospitals, they conducted the majority of the childbirth. They took the necessary care for mother and child. They have reported to be patient so that mothers could have normal childbirth. They conducted with selflessness because social recognition was their compensation.
Practical nursing; Home childbirth; Nursing history