Disinfection with sodium hypochlorite in hospital environmental surfaces in the reduction of contamination and infection prevention: a systematic review* * Extracted from the Scientific Initiation Project PIBIC "Desinfecção de superfícies ambientais hospitalares com hipoclorito de sódio e redução de infecção ou contaminação: uma revisão sistemática", Escola de Enfermagem, Universidade de São Paulo, 2014.

Desinfección con hipoclorito de sodio en superficies ambientales hospitalarias en la reducción de contaminación y prevención de infección: revisión sistemática

Samantha Storer Pesani Pereira Hadelândia Milon de Oliveira Ruth Natalia Teresa Turrini Rúbia Aparecida Lacerda About the authors

OBJECTIVE

To search for evidence of the efficiency of sodium hypochlorite on environmental surfaces in reducing contamination and prevention of healthcare-associated infection HAIs.

METHOD

Systematic review in accordance with the Cochrane Collaboration.

RESULTS

We analyzed 14 studies, all controlled trials, published between 1989-2013. Most studies resulted in inhibition of microorganism growth. Some decreased infection, microorganism resistance and colonization, loss of efficiency in the presence of dirty and surface-dried viruses.

CONCLUSION

The hypochlorite is an effective disinfectant, however, the issue of the direct relation with the reduction of HAIs remains. The absence of control for confounding variables in the analyzed studies made the meta-analysis performance inadequate. The evaluation of internal validity using CONSORT and TREND was not possible because its contents were not appropriate to laboratory and microbiological studies. As a result, there is an urgent need for developing specific protocol for evaluating such studies.

Disinfection; Sodium Hypochlorite; Health Facilities; Cross Infection; Review


Universidade de São Paulo, Escola de Enfermagem Av. Dr. Enéas de Carvalho Aguiar, 419 , 05403-000 São Paulo - SP/ Brasil, Tel./Fax: (55 11) 3061-7553, - São Paulo - SP - Brazil
E-mail: reeusp@usp.br