Functional evolution in elderly individuals with hip fracture surgery

Silvia Montalbán-Quesada Inmaculada García-García Carmen Moreno-Lorenzo About the authors

This prospective study was performed in patients aged 65 years or older who underwent hip fracture surgery. The objective was to determine the functional evolution in a group of patients three months after hospital discharge, to identify the variables related to this functional recovery and to describe the associated mortality and institutionalization process. We analyzed demographic variables such as age, sex, and living situation. Other aspects considered included: comorbidity, cognitive impairment, walking ability, dependency level according to Barthel's Index, institutionalization, and mortality. The information was collected on admission and three months after discharge. Considering the entire sample, 89.6% was female and the average age was 83.56 years; 40% of patients regained their prior independence and a 16.7% mortality rate was registered, together with a slight progression toward institutionalization. The functional capacity and cognitive impairment of patients before the fracture are determinants of functional recovery and subsequent recovery of independence.

Aged; Hip fractures; Recovery of function; Rehabilitation nursing

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