Effectiveness of prayer in reducing anxiety in cancer patients* * Extracted from the master’s thesis “Efeito da prece sobre a ansiedade de pacientes submetidos ao tratamento quimioterápico,” Nursing Graduate Program, Federal University of Alfenas, Minas Gerais (MG), Brazil, 2013

La efectividad de la plegaria en la reducción de la ansiedad en pacientes con cáncer

Camila Csizmar Carvalho Erika de Cássia Lopes Chaves Denise Hollanda Iunes Talita Prado Simão Cristiane da Silva Marciano Grasselli Cristiane Giffoni Braga About the authors

Objective: To evaluate the effect of prayer on anxiety in cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy. Method: Quasi-experimental study, with pre and post-intervention. Twenty patients admitted to treatment of continuous intravenous chemotherapy were recruited. The volunteers were evaluated through interviews using a questionnaire of sociodemographic, clinical and spiritual characteristics, the Index of Religiosity Duke University and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory. Vital signs were measured and collected salivary cortisol. The intervention was applied prayer and data collection occurred in three phases: first collection (baseline), pre and post-intervention. Results: The data found between the pre and post-intervention samples showed different statistically significant for state anxiety (p= <0.00), blood pressure (systolic, p=0.00, diastolic, p=<0.00) and respiratory rate (p=0.04). Conclusion: Prayer, therefore, proved to be an effective strategy in reducing the anxiety of the patient undergoing chemotherapy.

Neoplasms; Drug therapy; Spirituality; Religion; Anxiety; Oncology nursing

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