Factors associated to toxoplasmosis-related knowledge among pregnant women attending public health services in the municipality of Niterói, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 2013-2015

Fernanda Loureiro de Moura Patrícia Riddell Millar Goulart Ana Paula Pereira de Moura Thais Silva de Souza Ana Beatriz Monteiro Fonseca Maria Regina Reis Amendoeira About the authors

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

to analyze the factors associated to toxoplasmosis-related knowledge among pregnant women attending public health services in the municipality of Niterói, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

METHODS:

this is a cross-sectional study conducted with pregnant women assisted in eight health care units; data was collected using a standardized questionnaire, from April 2013 to February 2015.

RESULTS:

among the 405 pregnant women interviewed, 173 (42.7%) knew about toxoplasmosis and, of those, 24.3% knew about it through friends; the proportion of pregnant women with toxoplasmosis-related knowledge increased with age (p<0.001), education level (p<0.001) and the number of pregnancies (p=0.031); the history of abortion was also associated with toxoplasmosis-related knowledge (p=0.019).

CONCLUSION:

the variables 'age', 'education level', 'number of pregnancies' and 'abortion history' were important factors for toxoplasmosis-related knowledge among pregnant women assisted in the public health care sector of Niterói.

Key words:
Toxoplasmosis, Congenital; Pregnant Women; Primary Prevention; Cross-Sectional Studies

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