Rabies vaccination campaigns in dogs and cats, and rabies positivity in bats, from 2004 to 2014, in Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil

Ricardo Conde Alves Rodrigues Andrea Paula Bruno von Zuben Tosca de Lucca Maria de Lourdes Aguiar Bonadia Reichmann About the authors

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

to describe the results of rabies vaccination campaigns in dogs and cats from 2004 to 2009 and from 2012 to 2014, and the positivity for rabies in bats from 2004 to 2014, in Campinas-SP, Brazil.

METHODS:

a descriptive study was carried out with secondary data from the Zoonoses Surveillance Unit.

RESULTS:

there was a marked reduction in the number of vaccinated dogs, from 105,764 (2004) to 65,561 (2014), with vaccine coverage below 80%, except in 2004; there was little oscillation in the number of vaccinated cats, from 10,212 (2004) to 9,522 (2014), with vaccine coverage below 80%, except in 2014; 4,464 bats were collected by passive surveillance, 2.17% of them were positive for rabies.

CONCLUSION:

the low vaccine coverage in dogs and cats and the circulation of the virus in bats imposes the need for improvement in surveillance actions, in order to prevent cases of human rabies.

Keywords:
Rabies; Epidemiological Surveillance; Vaccination; Immunization Coverage; Epidemiology, Descriptive

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