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Deaths and hospitalizations of victims of non-drug toxicological events in Brazil, 2009 to 2018

Fernanda Gross Duarte Sandra da Silva Moreira Maria Goreth Barberino Marcelo Neubauer de Paula Nelzair Araújo Vianna Maria Conceição Chagas de Almeida Edson Duarte Moreira JuniorAbout the authors

Abstract

Objective:

to determine the rate of hospitalizations due to acute non-drug poisoning (NDP) events and to analyze mortality arising from these health conditions in Brazil from 2009 to 2018.

Methods:

this was a time-series study using Prais-Winsten regression to analyze records of hospitalizations for “treatment of intoxication or poisoning due to exposure to non-drug substances” held on the Hospital Information System.

Results:

there were 125,570 hospitalizations due to NDP. The average hospitalization rate was 6.3/100,000 inhabitants, although it was higher in males (8.0/100,000 inhab.) compared to females (4.6/100,000 inhab.). The hospitalization rate and the overall mortality rate due NDP to fell from 9.4 to 4.5/100,000 inhab. and from 2.5 to 1.6/1 million inhab., respectively.

Conclusions:

there was a reduction in the NDP hospitalization rate and in mortality due to NDP during the decade analyzed.

Keywords:
Intoxication; Mortality; Hospitalization; Toxicology; Time Series Studies

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