Cervical cancer prevention among quilombola women in the light of Leininger’s theory

Elionara Teixeira Boa Sorte Fernandes Enilda Rosendo do Nascimento Sílvia Lúcia Ferreira Edmeia de Almeida Cardoso Coelho Leila Rangel da Silva Chirlene Oliveira de Jesus Pereira About the authors

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

Our purpose was to discuss practices of cervical cancer prevention among Quilombola Women.

METHOD

This study used, in 2014, a qualitative research approach aiming twenty women from a quilombola community (people who live in quilombos, descendants of Afro-Brazilian slaves), which is located in Bahia. A semi-structured interview was developed by researchers in order to collect data. The Ethno-nursing Research method was used to analyze the data.

RESULTS

The use of cultural care through medicinal plants, and the nursing professional care (Pap Smear exam procedure) were stated by Quilombola women as serving as prevention practices against cervical cancer. However, most women stated that they did not use any prevention practices.

CONCLUSION

Social, cultural and health access issues are practices that are linked to the cervical cancer prevention among Quilombola Women. Therefore, it is indispensable to create an appropriate care plan for Quilombola women’s reality.

Keywords:
Diseases prevention; Uterine cervical neoplasms; African continental ancestry group; Culture; Nursing.

Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul. Escola de Enfermagem Rua São Manoel, 963 -Campus da Saúde , 90.620-110 - Porto Alegre - RS - Brasil, Fone: (55 51) 3308-5242 / Fax: (55 51) 3308-5436 - Porto Alegre - RS - Brazil
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