Incidence of phlebitis and post-infusion phlebitis in hospitalised adults

Janete de Souza Urbanetto Franciele de Oliveira Minuto Muniz Renata Martins da Silva Ana Paula Christo de Freitas Ana Paula Ribeiro de Oliveira Jessica de Cassia Ramos dos Santos About the authors

ABSTRACT

Objective

to determine the incidence of phlebitis during and after the use of peripheral intravenous catheter (PIC), and analyse the association of this complication with risk factors.

Methods

cohort study with 165 adult patients admitted to a university hospital in Porto Alegre, totalling 447 accesses, from December 2014 to February 2015. Data were collected on a daily basis and analysed by means of descriptive and analytical statistics.

Results

The incidence of phlebitis during PIC was 7.15% and the incidence of post-infusion phlebitis was 22.9%. Phlebitis during catheter use was associated with the use of Amoxicillin + Clavulanic Acid. The grade of post-infusion phlebitis was associated with age and use of Amoxicillin + Clavulanic Acid, Tramadol Hydrochloride, and Amphotericin.

Conclusion

The incidence of post-infusion phlebitis proved to be an important indicator to analyse the quality of the healthcare setting.

Phlebitis; Catheters; Patient safety; Nursing

Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul. Escola de Enfermagem Rua São Manoel, 963 -Campus da Saúde , 90.620-110 - Porto Alegre - RS - Brasil, Fone: (55 51) 3308-5242 / Fax: (55 51) 3308-5436 - Porto Alegre - RS - Brazil
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