This article is a systhematic literature review including the period from 1994 to 2009, whose objective was to discuss, the aged woman's vulnerability in relation to Acquired Imunodeficiency Syndrome (Aids). The search for scientific texts was accomplished in databases Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde, Scientific Eletronic Library Online (SciELO), Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde (LILACS) and Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (MEDLINE), using as descriptors vulnerability, woman and Aids. It was analized 18 texts including articles in scientific journals, thesis and dissertations. It was concluded that aged women and vulnerability to Aids are directly related, through gender characteristics including submission and that were built historical and socially. We consider as fundamental the development of studies which may generate publications accessible to women, in order to help them see themselves as persons in risk for acquiring Aids just for being women.
Vulnerability; Women's health; Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome; Gender identity