Implementation of care practices to prevent and repair perineal trauma in childbirth

Rafael Cleison Silva dos Santos Maria Luiza Gonzalez Riesco About the authors

ABSTRACT

Objective

To implement care practices for perineal trauma prevention and repairing in normal birth.

Method

Quasi-experimental study conducted at Hospital da Mulher Mãe-Luzia, in Macapá, AP, Brazil. Seventy-four (74) nurses and obstetricians and 70 post-partum women were interviewed and the records of 555 patients were analyzed. The study was conducted in three stages: pre-audit and baseline audit (phase 1); educational intervention and implementation of best practices (phase 2); post-implementation audit (phase 3). Data was analyzed by comparison of the results of phases 1 and 3.

Results

Following the educational intervention, a lower number of health professionals encouraged directed pushing, performed episiotomies and repaired first-degree lacerations; more women reported lithotomy position; more patient records indicated the use of Vicryl™ to suture the perineal mucosa and skin.

Conclusion

The educational intervention improved birth care and perineal outcomes. Nevertheless, gaps were identified in the implementation of evidence, as well as inappropriate perineal care management

Evidence-based practice; Parturition; Obstetric nursing

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