Protection of athymic (Nu/Nu) BALB/c mice against Plasmodium berghei by splenocytes from normal (Nu/ +) BALB/c mice

Proteção de camundongos atímicos BALB/c (Nu/Nu) contra Plasmodium berghei por esplenócitos oriundos de camundongos normais BALB/c (Nu/+)

Abstracts

Athymic BALB/c (Nu/Nu) mice died at 7-13 days after inoculation (DAI) of Plasmodium berghei NK65, whereas their heterozygous (Nu/+) littermates died at 7-8 DAI. Nude (Nu/Nu) mice, reconstituted with 2 x 10(7) splenocytes from uninfected heterozygous (Nu/+) littermates at 20 days before parasite inoculation (DBI), died about 2 days earlier than control nude mice; nude mice reconstituted at 10 or 2 DBI lived 2 to 4 days longer than control nudes; and nude mice reconstituted 2 DAI lived even longer and some survived. These findings indicate that P. berghei NK65 induces at least two T-cell dependent immune phenomena, one suppressive and the other stimulatory. Reconstitution of nude mice with T-cells from BALB/c (Nu/+) mice appeared to reduce or bypass suppressive T-cell activities which allowed the formation of a protective immune response by some of the nude mice.


Camundongos atímicos BALB/c (Nu/Nu) sucumbem entre 7-13 dias após a inoculação (DAI) da cepa NK65 de Plasmodium berghei. Todavia, seus singenêicos heterozigotos (Nu/+) morrem em 7-8 DAI. Camundongos nude (Nu/Nu) reconstituídos com 2xl0(7) esplenócitos de camundongos heterozigotos singenêicos normais não infectados (Nu/+) 20 dias antes da inoculação a (DBI) do parasita, sucumbem 2 dias antes que os animais controles. Camundongos nude reconstituídos 10 ou 2 DBI, vivem 2-4 dias a mais que os animais controles e alguns deles sobrevivem. Esses achados indicam que a cepa NK65 de P. berghei induz, no mínimo, dois imunofenômenos dependentes de linfócitos T; um supressivo e outro estimulatório. A reconstituição de camundongos nude com células T de camundongos BALB/c (Nu/+) parece reduzir ou "By-pass" a atividade supressora das células T, o qual leva à formação de uma resposta imune protetora por alguns dos camundongos nude.


ORIGINAL ARTICLES

Protection of athymic (Nu/Nu) BALB/c mice against Plasmodium berghei by splenocytes from normal (Nu/ +) BALB/c mice (* (* ) This study is based on a dissertation submitted by J. J. Perraroni to the Graduate School of the University of Montana in partial fulfillment to the requirements for the Doctor of Philosophy degree )

Proteção de camundongos atímicos BALB/c (Nu/Nu) contra Plasmodium berghei por esplenócitos oriundos de camundongos normais BALB/c (Nu/+)

José J. FerraroniI, II; Thomas G. DouglassII; Clarence A. SpeerIII

IUniversidade do Amazonas/CNPq, Campus Universitário, Departamento de Patologia — ICB — 69.000, Manaus, Amazonas, Brasil

IIDepartment of Microbiology, University of Montana, Missoula, Montana, 59812 — USA

SUMMARY

Athymic BALB/c (Nu/Nu) mice died at 7-13 days after inoculation (DAI) of Plasmodium berghei NK65, whereas their heterozygous (Nu/+) littermates died at 7-8 DAI. Nude (Nu/Nu) mice, reconstituted with 2 x 107 splenocytes from uninfected heterozygous (Nu/+) littermates at 20 days before parasite inoculation (DBI), died about 2 days earlier than control nude mice; nude mice reconstituted at 10 or 2 DBI lived 2 to 4 days longer than control nudes; and nude mice reconstituted 2 DAI lived even longer and some survived. These findings indicate that P. berghei NK65 induces at least two T-cell dependent immune phenomena, one suppressive and the other stimulatory. Reconstitution of nude mice with T-cells from BALB/c (Nu/+) mice appeared to reduce or bypass suppressive T-cell activities which allowed the formation of a protective immune response by some of the nude mice.

RESUMO

Camundongos atímicos BALB/c (Nu/Nu) sucumbem entre 7-13 dias após a inoculação (DAI) da cepa NK65 de Plasmodium berghei. Todavia, seus singenêicos heterozigotos (Nu/+) morrem em 7-8 DAI. Camundongos nude (Nu/Nu) reconstituídos com 2xl07 esplenócitos de camundongos heterozigotos singenêicos normais não infectados (Nu/+) 20 dias antes da inoculação a (DBI) do parasita, sucumbem 2 dias antes que os animais controles. Camundongos nude reconstituídos 10 ou 2 DBI, vivem 2-4 dias a mais que os animais controles e alguns deles sobrevivem. Esses achados indicam que a cepa NK65 de P. berghei induz, no mínimo, dois imunofenômenos dependentes de linfócitos T; um supressivo e outro estimulatório. A reconstituição de camundongos nude com células T de camundongos BALB/c (Nu/+) parece reduzir ou "By-pass" a atividade supressora das células T, o qual leva à formação de uma resposta imune protetora por alguns dos camundongos nude.

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Recebido para publicação em 16/11/1983.

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  • (*
    ) This study is based on a dissertation submitted by J. J. Perraroni to the Graduate School of the University of Montana in partial fulfillment to the requirements for the Doctor of Philosophy degree

Publication Dates

  • Publication in this collection
    25 Oct 2012
  • Date of issue
    Dec 1985

History

  • Received
    16 Nov 1983
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