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Characterization of rotavirus P genotypes circulating among paediatric inpatients in Northern Brazil

Caracterização de genótipos P de rotavírus circulantes entre pacientes pediátricos hospitalizados no norte do Brasil

Joana D’Arc P. MASCARENHAS Rosa Helena P. GUSMÃO Célia R. M. BARARDI Fernanda L. PAIVA Cláudia O. SIMÕES Yvone B. GABBAY Talita A. F. MONTEIRO Alexandre C. LINHARES About the authors

Between November 1992 and August 1993, twenty-eight rotavirus-positive stool samples obtained from paediatric inpatients in Belém, Brazil, aged less than four years, were tested by RT-PCR to determine the P genotype specificities. With the exception of 7 non-diarrhoeic children, all patients were either diarrhoeic at admission or developed diarrhoea while in hospital. Rotavirus strains with the gene 4 alleles corresponding to P1B[4] and P1A[8] types (both of which bearing G2 specificity) predominated, accounting for 78.6% of the strains. While only one P2A[6] type strain - with (mixed) G1 and 4 type specificities - was detected, the gene 4 allele could not be identified in 4 (14.3%) of the strains. Most (81%) of the specimens were obtained from children during their first 18 months of life. Rotavirus strains bearing single P1B[4] type-specificity were identified in both diarrhoeic (either nosocomial, 28.6% or community-acquired diarrhoea, 28.6%) and non-diarrhoeic (42.8%) children. P1A[8] gene 4 allele, on the other hand, was detected only among diarrhoeic children, at rates of 57.1% and 42.9% for nosocomial- and- community acquired diarrhoea, respectively. Mixed P1A[8],1B[4] type infection was identified in only one case of community-acquired diarrhoea.

Rotavirus; P types; Diarrhoea; Hospitalized children

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