Immunopathology of human schistosomiasis mansoni: II. NK activity and stimulation by specific antigen

Imunopatologia da esquistossomose mansônica humana: II. Atividade NK e estimulação por antígeno específico

Abstracts

Sixteen S. mansoni infected and untreated patients (5 with recent infection and 11 with chronic disease) were evaluated for their in vitro natural killer (NK) activity against the NK sensitive target K562 cell line. NK levels in 9 out of 11 patients (82%) with chronic disease were significantly lower (mean = 15 ± 6%),compared with patients recently infected (mean = 41 ± 9% p < 0.001) and with the control group (mean = 38 ± 13% p < 0.001). However, both patients and controls NK activity was stimulated by soluble adult worm antigens (SAWA), indicating that NK function even in the chronic stage of the infection is able to respond to the parasite antigens. These results suggest the possibility of NK cell participation as effector mechanism against S. mansoni.

Natural Killer cells (NK); S. mansoni


Dezesseis doentes infectados e não tratados com S. mansoni (5 com infecção recente e 11 com doença crônica), foram submetidos à avaliação de atividade de células exterminadoras na turais (NK) "in vitro" frente a células alvo de linhagem K562. Os níveis de atividade das céluIas NK em 9 de 11 doentes (827r) com a infecção crônica foram significativamente menores (média = 15 ± 6%) quando comparados aos pacientes com infecção recente (média =41 ± 9%, p < 0,001) e aos indivíduos do grupo controle (média = 38 ± 13%, p < 0,001). Porém, tanto nos doentes como nos controles, a atividade de céluIas NK foi estimulada pelo antígeno solúvel do parasito adulto (SAWA), indicando que as céluIas NK, mesmo na fase crônica da infecção, têm capacidade de responder ao antígeno dos parasitos. Estes resultados sugerem a possível participação das células NK no mecanismo efetor de defesa contra o S. mansoni.


ORIGINAL ARTICLES

Immunopathology of human schistosomiasis mansoni. II. NK activity and stimulation by specific antigen

Imunopatologia da esquistossomose mansônica humana. II. Atividade NK e estimulação por antígeno específico

L. K. Benarroch; O. Noya; B. Noya; N. E. Bianco; I. Blanca

Clinical Immunology National Center, WHO PAHO. Collaborative Center for Clinical Immunology and the Tropical Medicine and Pathology Institutes, Central University. Venezuela

Address for correspondence

SUMMARY

Sixteen S. mansoni infected and untreated patients (5 with recent infection and 11 with chronic disease) were evaluated for their in vitro natural killer (NK) activity against the NK sensitive target K562 cell line. NK levels in 9 out of 11 patients (82%) with chronic disease were significantly lower (mean = 15 ± 6%),compared with patients recently infected (mean = 41 ± 9% p < 0.001) and with the control group (mean = 38 ± 13% p < 0.001). However, both patients and controls NK activity was stimulated by soluble adult worm antigens (SAWA), indicating that NK function even in the chronic stage of the infection is able to respond to the parasite antigens. These results suggest the possibility of NK cell participation as effector mechanism against S. mansoni.

Key words: Natural Killer cells (NK); S. mansoni.

RESUMO

Dezesseis doentes infectados e não tratados com S. mansoni (5 com infecção recente e 11 com doença crônica), foram submetidos à avaliação de atividade de células exterminadoras na turais (NK) "in vitro" frente a células alvo de linhagem K562. Os níveis de atividade das céluIas NK em 9 de 11 doentes (827r) com a infecção crônica foram significativamente menores (média = 15 ± 6%) quando comparados aos pacientes com infecção recente (média =41 ± 9%, p < 0,001) e aos indivíduos do grupo controle (média = 38 ± 13%, p < 0,001). Porém, tanto nos doentes como nos controles, a atividade de céluIas NK foi estimulada pelo antígeno solúvel do parasito adulto (SAWA), indicando que as céluIas NK, mesmo na fase crônica da infecção, têm capacidade de responder ao antígeno dos parasitos. Estes resultados sugerem a possível participação das células NK no mecanismo efetor de defesa contra o S. mansoni.

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ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

Research supported by grants from CONICIT (Fortalecimiento de Centros) and from CDCH-M-09.15/84 (UCV).

We thank Amanda Gonzalez for editing the manuscript.

Recebido para publicação em 29 7 1987

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  • Address for correspondence:
    Isaac Blanca. MSc
    Inmunologia Clínica
    Apartado 50647
    Correos de Sabana Grande
    Caracas 1051, Venezuela

Publication Dates

  • Publication in this collection
    17 Feb 2011
  • Date of issue
    Dec 1988

History

  • Received
    29 July 1987
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