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An integrative literature review on nursing interventions aimed at increasing self-care among heart failure patients 1 1 Supported by Réseau de recherche en interventions en sciences infirmières du Québec (RRISIQ), Canada.

Sophie Boisvert Alexandra Proulx-Belhumeur Natalia Gonçalves Michel Doré Julie Francoeur Maria Cecilia Gallani About the authors

Abstract

Objective:

to analyze and summarize knowledge concerning critical components of interventions that have been proposed and implemented by nurses with the aim of optimizing self-care by heart failure patients.

Methods:

PubMed and CINAHL were the electronic databases used to search full peer-reviewed papers, presenting descriptions of nursing interventions directed to patients or to patients and their families and designed to optimize self-care. Forty-two studies were included in the final sample (n=4,799 patients).

Results:

this review pointed to a variety and complexity of nursing interventions. As self-care encompasses several behaviors, interventions targeted an average of 3.6 behaviors. Educational/counselling activities were combined or not with cognitive behavioral strategies, but only about half of the studies used a theoretical background to guide interventions. Clinical assessment and management were frequently associated with self-care interventions, which varied in number of sessions (1 to 30); length of follow-up (2 weeks to 12 months) and endpoints.

Conclusions:

these findings may be useful to inform nurses about further research in self-care interventions in order to propose the comparison of different modalities of intervention, the use of theoretical background and the establishment of endpoints to evaluate their effectiveness.

Descriptors:
Heart Failure; Self-Care; Nursing; Intervention; Review

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