Detection of visual and auditory problems among Ribeirão Preto schoolchildren: a comparative study by socioeconomic level

The evaluation of visual and auditive functions of students entering the first degree of elementary school is considered a basic action of the student health. The child upon entering the elementary school, begins or continues learning the alphabet which is considered one of the most important process of the educational area. The child needs normal vision and hearing (or with adequate correction) to carry on this process in the easiest way. In this paper, we tried to study the visual and auditive problems in elementary school students in the city of Ribeirão Preto, from different social layers concerning early of cases and resolution of problems (or not) found by the family and school.

Student; precocious detection; vision; hearing; social stratification; family; teacher


Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto / Universidade de São Paulo Av. Bandeirantes, 3900, 14040-902 Ribeirão Preto SP Brazil, Tel.: +55 (16) 3315-3451 / 3315-4407 - Ribeirão Preto - SP - Brazil
E-mail: rlae@eerp.usp.br