Habitual consumption of vitamin a food sources by preschool children in rural areas in Northern Minas Gerais, Brazil

Paula Karoline Soares FARIAS Vanessa Santos SILVA Marise Fagundes SILVEIRA Antônio Prates CALDEIRA Lucinéia de PINHO About the authors

Objective:

The present study evaluated the habitual consumption of vitamin A food sources in preschool children in rural areas of Montes Claros, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

Methods:

This is a cross sectional study that includes 337 preschool children which were evaluated through an interview conducted with their parents. The parameters evaluated were: a) socioeconomic characteristics of the family; b) use of the vitamin A supplementation provided by the government, c) habitual consumption of vitamin A food sources, assessed using the Food Frequency Questionnaire. Vitamin A food source consumption was classified as high/moderate or low, and it was associated to the socioeconomic variables using the Poisson regression model to calculate the prevalence odds ratio and the respective 95% confidence interval.

Results:

Most children were from low income families. Only 51% of them had received at least 4 doses of vitamin A supplementation. The habitual consumption of vitamin A sources, assessed using the food frequency questionnaire, was considered high/moderate for only 75 children and low for 262 children. The low of consumption of vitamin A sources was associated with living on minimum wage (PR=1,178) and high consumption of sweets (PR=1,256).

Conclusion:

The data obtained indicate that the children evaluated lack vitamin A supplementation provided by the government and show low consumption of foods high in vitamin; the former was associated with low-income status and high consumption of sweets.

Food consumption; Preschool children; Vitamin A


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