A food guide pyramid for well-nourished pregnant women aged 19 to 30 years

Franklin Demétrio About the author

Objective This study aimed at developing a food guide pyramid for well-nourished pregnant women aged 19 to 30 years based on the food guide for the Brazilian population. Methods This food guide pyramid was constructed around two food plans: 2,188kcal for the first trimester of pregnancy and 2,502kcal for the second and third trimesters, calculated according to the recommendations for this population. Results The percentage distributions of macronutrients proposed for the first trimester are: 12% proteins, 62% carbohydrates and 26% lipids. The percentages proposed for the second and third trimesters are: 11% proteins, 60% carbohydrates and 29% lipids. The servings and their equivalents were established by adapting the total energetic content of each food item obtained by Philippi et al., available in the food guide for the Brazilian population. The foods were arranged into eight groups in the food guide pyramid, regardless of trimester of pregnancy; only the recommended number of servings vary. Conclusion Hopefully, this food guide pyramid will be useful for prenatal care providers, promote food and nutrition education, maintain the correct nutritional and health status of well-nourished pregnant women and contribute to reduce the rates of low birth weight, prematurity and macrosomia.

Pregnant women; Food guide; Nutritional requirements; Prenatal nutrition


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