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In vitro propagation of Angelonia integérrima


Due to the difficulty of obtaining seedlings of Agelonia integerrima, species with ornamental potential, from seeds, by conventional methods, studies were carried out to test the viability of in vitro seedling production. In order to propagate Angelonia integerrima, studies have been developed to generate information for the in vitro production of seedlings. Four experiments were conducted: a) germination of seeds stored at two locations (refrigerated environment and laboratory bench) and different salt concentrations (100, 75 and 50%) in a MS medium; b) multiplication using benzylaminopurine (BAP) (0.0, 0.5 and 1.0 mg L-1) and naphthalene acetic acid (NAA) (0.0, 0.1 and 0.5 mg L-1); c) in vitro rooting using indolebutyric acid (IBA) (0, 0.25, 0.50, 0.75 and 1.0 mg L-1) and d) acclimatization of seedlings. Seeds stored at refrigerated environment showed higher germination percentages, germination speed indexes (GSI) and plantlets formed. Germination was not affected by the concentration of salts in the medium and can be used at low concentrations. For multiplication, there was an interaction between BAP and NAA. 1.0 mg L-1 of BAP and 0.1 mg L-1 of NAA are recommended. For rooting, a quadratic equation was adjusted for the variables percentage of callus formation and rooting. The concentration 0.83 mg L-1 results in the maximum response point for rooting. The species presented 50.8% of acclimatization.

Key words:
Pampa biome; germination; micropropagation; native ornamental

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