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Characterization of a new coagulase-negative Staphylococcus species (Staphylococcus pettenkoferi) isolated from blood cultures from a hospitalized patient in Porto Alegre, Brazil

Caracterização de uma nova espécie de Staphylococcus coagulase-negativo (Staphylococcus pettenkofer) isolada de hemoculturas de um paciente hospitalizado em Porto Alegre, Brasil

Abstracts

INTRODUCTION: Staphylococcus pettenkoferi was originally isolated and described by Trülzsch et al (2002). In this study, we characterized two isolates of this newly described species. METHODS: Blood cultures were initially processed using the BacT/ALERT® device, and the isolates were initially characterized using the Vitek2 identification system. RESULTS: The initial characterization revealed slow-growing Gram-positive cocci that formed opaque colonies on sheep blood agar. Other phenotypic/genotypic tests were performed. CONCLUSIONS: We would like to emphasize that this new staphylococcus species is phenotypically similar to other CoNS, especially S. auricularis. This could potentially lead to misidentification of these uncommon species.

Coagulase-negative Staphylococcus; Blood culture; Staphylococcus pettenkoferi


INTRODUÇÃO: Staphylococcus pettenkoferi foi originalmente isolado e descrito por Trülzsch et al (2002). Neste estudo, caracterizamos dois isolados dessa nova espécie. MÉTODOS: As hemoculturas foram inicialmente processadas usando o instrumento BacT/ALERT® e os isolados foram inicialmente caracterizados pelo sistema de identificação Vitek2. RESULTADOS: A caracterização inicial revelou um coco Gram-positivo de crescimento lento com formação de colônias opacas em agar sangue de carneiro. Outros testes fenotípicos/genotípicos foram realizados. CONCLUSÕES: Gostaríamos de enfatizar que esta nova espécie de Staphylococcus é fenotipicamente similar a outros CoNS, especialmente, S. auricularis, que poderia levar a um erro na identificação dessas espécies incomuns.

Coagulase-negativo; Staphylococcus; Hemocultura; Staphylococcus pettenkoferi


COMMUNICATION COMUNICAÇÃO

Characterization of a new coagulase-negative Staphylococcus species (Staphylococcus pettenkoferi) isolated from blood cultures from a hospitalized patient in Porto Alegre, Brazil

Caracterização de uma nova espécie de Staphylococcus coagulase-negativo (Staphylococcus pettenkofer) isolada de hemoculturas de um paciente hospitalizado em Porto Alegre, Brasil

Pedro Alves d'AzevedoI; Guilherme CominI; Vlademir CantarelliII

ILaboratory of Gram-positive Cocci, University of Health Sciences of Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil

IIWeinmann Laboratory, Porto Alegre, RS

Address To Address To: Dr. Pedro Alves d'Azevedo UFCSPA. Rua Sarmento Leite 245/204 90050-170 Porto Alegre, RS Tel: 55 51 3303-8740 e-mail: pedroaze@ufcspa.edu.br

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION:Staphylococcus pettenkoferi was originally isolated and described by Trülzsch et al (2002). In this study, we characterized two isolates of this newly described species.

METHODS: Blood cultures were initially processed using the BacT/ALERT® device, and the isolates were initially characterized using the Vitek2 identification system.

RESULTS: The initial characterization revealed slow-growing Gram-positive cocci that formed opaque colonies on sheep blood agar. Other phenotypic/genotypic tests were performed.

CONCLUSIONS: We would like to emphasize that this new staphylococcus species is phenotypically similar to other CoNS, especially S. auricularis. This could potentially lead to misidentification of these uncommon species.

Key-words: Coagulase-negative Staphylococcus. Blood culture. Staphylococcus pettenkoferi.

RESUMO

INTRODUÇÃO:Staphylococcus pettenkoferi foi originalmente isolado e descrito por Trülzsch et al (2002). Neste estudo, caracterizamos dois isolados dessa nova espécie.

MÉTODOS: As hemoculturas foram inicialmente processadas usando o instrumento BacT/ALERT® e os isolados foram inicialmente caracterizados pelo sistema de identificação Vitek2.

RESULTADOS: A caracterização inicial revelou um coco Gram-positivo de crescimento lento com formação de colônias opacas em agar sangue de carneiro. Outros testes fenotípicos/genotípicos foram realizados.

CONCLUSÕES: Gostaríamos de enfatizar que esta nova espécie de Staphylococcus é fenotipicamente similar a outros CoNS, especialmente, S. auricularis, que poderia levar a um erro na identificação dessas espécies incomuns.

Palavras-chaves: Coagulase-negativo. Staphylococcus. Hemocultura. Staphylococcus pettenkoferi.

The genus Staphylococcus is currently composed of 37 species and subspecies that are ubiquitous in nature. Coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS) have become important nosocomial pathogens during the past few years, especially among patients with an orthopedic or cardiac prosthesis, patients with prolonged catheter use, immunocompromised patients or neonates1,2. Staphylococcus pettenkoferi was originally isolated and described by Trülzsch3 et al, but this species name has not yet been scientifically validated. In this study, we characterized two isolates of this newly described species that were recovered from blood cultures from a hospitalized patient in the city of Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. The 56-year-old patient had been hospitalized for 45 days and tested positive in three blood culture sets in April 2008. The blood cultures were initially processed using the BacT/ALERT® device (bioMérieux, l'Etoile, France) and the isolates were initially characterized by means of the Vitek2 identification system (bioMérieux). The device named the isolates Kocuria varians (formerly Micrococcus varians), which was not consistent with the characteristics of this species4. As reported by Cunha et al5, some Staphylococcus strains have often been identified as Kocuria in using the Vitek2 system. Because of the atypical results, the isolates were further subjected to an extensive battery of conventional tests, along with molecular analysis, including DNA sequencing of 16S rRNA and SodA genes1,6. The initial characterization revealed slow-growing Gram-positive cocci that formed opaque colonies on sheep blood agar. The other tests results included: weakly positive catalase reaction, negative coagulase reaction, sensitivity to novobiocin, resistance to desferroxamine, sensitivity to phosphomycin, resistance to bacitracin, positive for pyrrolidonyl arylamidase (PYR), positive for urease and positive for nitrate reductase. The DNase test using 1N HCl was negative. Acid was produced only with glucose, fructose and sucrose, following up to seven days of incubation. Arginine arylamidase, ornithine decarboxylase and acetoin production were negative. Molecular characterization of the isolates were performed by means of sodA amplification using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) followed by direct sequencing of the PCR products generated using BigDye-termination chemistry (Applied Biosystems), in order to better identify these isolates. Homology search (BLAST) demonstrated that the sequences generated were identical to those of Staphylococcus pettenkoferi. We would like to emphasize that this new staphylococcal species is phenotypically similar to other CoNS, especially S. auricularis. This could potentially lead to misidentification of this uncommon species.

CONFLICT OF INTEREST

The authors declare that there is no conflict of interest.

FINANCIAL SUPPORT

This work was supported by Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico, Universidade Federal de Ciências da Saúde de Porto Alegre and Weinmann Laboratório.

Received in 08/03/2010

Accepted in 23/04/2010

  • 1. Bannerman TL, Peacook SJ. Staphylococcus, Micrococcus and other catalase-positive cocci. In: PR Murray, Baron EJ, Jorgensen JH, Pfaller MA, Yolken RH, editors. Manual of Clinical Microbiology, 8th ed. Am Soc Microbiol; 2007. p. 390-411.
  • 2. Loïez C, Wallet F, Pischedda P, Renaux E, Senneville E, Mehdi N, et al. First case of osteomyelitis caused by "Staphylococcus pettenkoferi". J Clin Microbiol 2007; 45:1069-1071.
  • 3. Trülzsch K, Rinder H, Trcek J, Bader L, Wilhelm U, Heesemann J. Staphylococcus pettenkoferi a novel staphylococcal species isolated from clinical specimens. Diag Microbiol Infect Dis 2002; 43:175-182.
  • 4. Tvrzová L, Schumann P, Sedlácek I, Pácová Z, Spröer C, Verbarg S, et al. Reclassification of strain CCM 132, previously classified as Kocuria varians, as Kocuria carniphila sp. nov. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2005; 55:139-142.
  • 5. Cunha ML, Sinzato YK, Silveira LV. Comparison of methods for the identification of coagulase-negative staphylococci. Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 2004; 99:855-860.
  • 6. Trülzsch K, Grabein B, Schumann P, Mellmann A, Antonenka U, Heesemann J, et al. Staphylococcus pettenkoferi sp. nov., a novel coagulase-negative staphylococcal species isolated from human clinical specimens. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2007; 57:1543-1548.
  • Address To:
    Dr. Pedro Alves d'Azevedo
    UFCSPA. Rua Sarmento Leite 245/204
    90050-170 Porto Alegre, RS
    Tel: 55 51 3303-8740
    e-mail:
  • Publication Dates

    • Publication in this collection
      07 June 2010
    • Date of issue
      June 2010

    History

    • Received
      08 Mar 2010
    • Accepted
      23 Apr 2010
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