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Giardiose e criptosporidiose em creches no município de Campinas, SP

Resumos

Estudou-se as prevalências de Gíardia duodenalís e Cryptosporidium parvum, conforme sexo e faixa etária. em crianças de 2-60 meses (n = 310), atendidas em 8 creches. Giardiose ocoireu em 42 (13,5%) das crianças e foi mais freqüente na faixa etãria de 19-24 meses, embora crianças nos primeiros seis meses de vida apresentassem amostras fecais positivas. Teste estatístico não revelou associação entre sexo e parasitismo (p > 0,05). C. parvum foi encontrado em 20 crianças (6,4%) com maior frequência no grupo de 7-12 meses. Crianças entre 25-30 meses e acima de 36 meses não apresentaram oocistos nas fezes. Oocistos foram detectados em 4 crianças na faixa etãria de 0-6 meses. Não houve significância estatística entre criptosporidiose e sexo (p = 0,09) e, entre creches (p = 0,068). Ocorreu associação entre idade e a presença do coccídio (p = 0,004). Abordou-se os aspectos epidemiológicos por meio de inquérito familiar, exames parasitolõgicos entre contatos dos casos-índices e dos animais presentes no domicílio. Prevalência de C. parvum foi maior quando pelo menos um dos pais era profissional da Área de Saúde (73,6% positivas), hai:ia relato de doença concomitante (52,6%) positivas) e diairéia era o principal sintoma por ocasião de exame fecal (78,9%) positivas). Exames de fezes dos animais domésticos foram negativos para estes dois parasitos.

Criptosporidiose; Giardiose; Crianças; Creches


The prevalence of the Giardia duodenalis and Cryptosporidium parvum infections were studied in children 2-60 months old (n = 310) grouped to sex and age, enrolled in 8 day-care centers. Giardiosis was found in 42 (13.5%) of the children and, was most frequent in the age group corresponding to 19- 24 months old although children at the first six months of life also presented positive faecal samples. Statistical analysis indicated no association between sex ip > 0,05) and prevalence for Giardia infection. C. parvum was detected in 20 (6.4%) of the children. Children seven to twelve months old showed the greatest prevalence of this parasite. There were not oocysts in the stools from the children 25-30 months and from those older than 36 months. Oocysts were detected in 4 children from the 0-6 months old group. There was no significative difference on sex (p = 0,09) and day-care facility (p = 0,068) for C. parvum infection while age was associated with infection (p = 0,004). Epidemiological aspects were studied by familiar inquiry, by parasitological examinations of stools from the contact- members of each case and from animals present at the residence. Prevalence for C. parvum was higher when at least one of the parents was a professional in the Human Health Centers (73.6% positives), when there was report of concomitant disease (52.6%positives) and when diarrhoea was the main symptom at the collection of the faecal specimens (78.9% positives). Faecal examinations of the domestic animals were negatives for these two parasites.

Criptosporidiosis; Giardiosis; Children; Day-care facilities


ARTIGOS

Giardiose e criptosporidiose em creches no município de Campinas, SP

Regina Maura B. Franco; Nelson da S. Cordeiro

Endereço para correspondência Endereço para correspondência: Dr a Regina Maura B. Franco. Laboratório Protozoologia/IB/UNICAMP Caixa Postal 6109,13081-970 Campinas, SP Fax: (019) 239-3124.

RESUMO

Estudou-se as prevalências de Gíardia duodenalís e Cryptosporidium parvum, conforme sexo e faixa etária. em crianças de 2-60 meses (n = 310), atendidas em 8 creches. Giardiose ocoireu em 42 (13,5%) das crianças e foi mais freqüente na faixa etãria de 19-24 meses, embora crianças nos primeiros seis meses de vida apresentassem amostras fecais positivas. Teste estatístico não revelou associação entre sexo e parasitismo (p > 0,05). C. parvum foi encontrado em 20 crianças (6,4%) com maior frequência no grupo de 7-12 meses. Crianças entre 25-30 meses e acima de 36 meses não apresentaram oocistos nas fezes. Oocistos foram detectados em 4 crianças na faixa etãria de 0-6 meses. Não houve significância estatística entre criptosporidiose e sexo (p = 0,09) e, entre creches (p = 0,068). Ocorreu associação entre idade e a presença do coccídio (p = 0,004). Abordou-se os aspectos epidemiológicos por meio de inquérito familiar, exames parasitolõgicos entre contatos dos casos-índices e dos animais presentes no domicílio. Prevalência de C. parvum foi maior quando pelo menos um dos pais era profissional da Área de Saúde (73,6% positivas), hai:ia relato de doença concomitante (52,6%) positivas) e diairéia era o principal sintoma por ocasião de exame fecal (78,9%) positivas). Exames de fezes dos animais domésticos foram negativos para estes dois parasitos.

Palavras-chaves: Criptosporidiose. Giardiose. Crianças. Creches.

ABSTRACT

The prevalence of the Giardia duodenalis and Cryptosporidium parvum infections were studied in children 2-60 months old (n = 310) grouped to sex and age, enrolled in 8 day-care centers. Giardiosis was found in 42 (13.5%) of the children and, was most frequent in the age group corresponding to 19- 24 months old although children at the first six months of life also presented positive faecal samples. Statistical analysis indicated no association between sex ip > 0,05) and prevalence for Giardia infection. C. parvum was detected in 20 (6.4%) of the children. Children seven to twelve months old showed the greatest prevalence of this parasite. There were not oocysts in the stools from the children 25-30 months and from those older than 36 months. Oocysts were detected in 4 children from the 0-6 months old group. There was no significative difference on sex (p = 0,09) and day-care facility (p = 0,068) for C. parvum infection while age was associated with infection (p = 0,004). Epidemiological aspects were studied by familiar inquiry, by parasitological examinations of stools from the contact- members of each case and from animals present at the residence. Prevalence for C. parvum was higher when at least one of the parents was a professional in the Human Health Centers (73.6% positives), when there was report of concomitant disease (52.6%positives) and when diarrhoea was the main symptom at the collection of the faecal specimens (78.9% positives). Faecal examinations of the domestic animals were negatives for these two parasites.

Keywords: Criptosporidiosis. Giardiosis. Children. Day-care facilities.

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Recebido para publicação em 23/10/95.

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  • Endereço para correspondência:

    Dr
    a Regina Maura B. Franco.
    Laboratório Protozoologia/IB/UNICAMP
    Caixa Postal 6109,13081-970
    Campinas, SP
    Fax: (019) 239-3124.
  • Datas de Publicação

    • Publicação nesta coleção
      04 Abr 2013
    • Data do Fascículo
      Dez 1996

    Histórico

    • Aceito
      23 Out 1995
    • Recebido
      23 Out 1995
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