Diagnosis and management of acute puerperal bartholinitis caused by Escherichia coli

Helena Lucia Barroso dos Reis Carla Renata Petillo de Pinho Dennis de Carvalho Ferreira About the authors

A 27-year-old, Caucasian, university-graduated, married, puerperal female patient who lived in the City of Vitoria, State of Espírito Santo, Brazil, presented with recurring genital moniliasis, without a medical history of underlying diseases. She underwent regular cytology exams, including cervical and vaginal samples that showed no atypia. Clinical evaluation also remained unchanged.

The test for Streptococcus agalactiae in the 37th gestational week was negative. This primiparous patient underwent a cesarean section due to cephalo-pelvic disproportion 15 days prior to abscess drainage of the Bartholin's gland on the left side, which characterized a clinical case of acute bartholinitis.

The onset of this condition was an extremely painful tumor in the genital area five days after delivery. It was clinically detected as local redness, which started to bulge and then progressed to fluctuation (abscess) (Figures A and B). Other possible differential diagnostic hypotheses were Skene duct cysts, which are rare; epidermal inclusion cyst; and papillary hidradenoma, among other Bartholin's gland benign lesions. Abscess drainage was performed, and purulent secretion material was collected for culture, which evidenced growth of Escherichia coli. Oral antibiotic therapy (500mg cephalexin) was prescribed every six hours for seven days.

Remission of the Bartholin abscess at the end of the antibiotic therapy was observed. During the 5-year clinical follow-up in the gynecology assistance program up to now recurrence was not observed.


  • 1
    Omole F, Simmons BJ, Hacker Y. Management of Bartholin's duct cyst and gland abscess. Am Fam Physician 2003; 68:135-140.
  • 2
    Fiori E, Ferraro D, Borrini F, De Cesare A, Leone G, Crocetti A, et al. Bartholin's gland hyperplasia. Case report and a review of literature. Ann Ital Chir 2013; 84 (ePub): pii: S2239253X13021774.
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    Wechter ME, Wu JM, Marzano D, Haefner H. Management of Bartholin duct cysts and abscesses: a systematic review. Obstet Gynecol Surv 2009; 64:395-404.

Publication Dates

  • Publication in this collection
    Nov-Dec 2014


  • Received
    11 July 2014
  • Accepted
    18 Aug 2014
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