Chest radiography and computed tomography findings from a Brazilian patient with COVID-19 pneumonia

Bruno Lima Moreira Marcos Pama D’Almeida Brotto Edson Marchiori About the authors

A 73-year-old man was admitted to the emergency department with a 4-day history of fever, chills, dry cough, and fatigue. He had arrived in São Paulo, Brazil, on the preceding day. His symptoms had begun when he was traveling in northern Italy with 12 friends, three of whom had been diagnosed with COVID-19. He reported having systemic arterial hypertension and type 2 diabetes mellitus. On examination, he had a temperature of 37.7°C, heart rate of 85 beats/min, respiratory rate of 15 breaths/min, blood pressure of 112/70 mmHg, and 94% oxygen saturation. His lungs were clear to auscultation. A leukogram was normal, and the patient’s C-reactive protein level was 4.78 mg/dL (normal levels below 1.0 mg/dL).

Chest radiography showed ill-defined lung opacities, notably in the periphery of the left lung. Chest computed tomography (CT) revealed predominantly peripheral ground glass-opacities involving all pulmonary lobes, which were more exuberant in the left lung, where small foci of consolidation were also seen (Figure 1). Real-time reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction testing of a nasopharyngeal swab confirmed COVID-19 infection.

FIGURE 1:
(A) A posteroanterior chest radiograph demonstrating ill-defined lung opacities, notably in the left lung. Chest CT images (lung window) in the coronal (B) and axial (C) planes show predominantly peripheral ground glass-opacities involving all pulmonary lobes, which are more exuberant in the left lung, where small foci of consolidation are also visible.

In December 2019, a novel viral pneumonia (subsequently named COVID-19 pneumonia) emerged in Wuhan, China11. Kanne JP. Chest CT findings in 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) infections from Wuhan, China: key points for the radiologist. Radiology. 2020; Feb 4:200241. doi: 10.1148/radiol.2020200241.
https://doi.org/10.1148/radiol.202020024...

2. Zhou S, Wang Y, Zhu T, Xia L. CT features of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pneumonia in 62 patients in Wuhan, China. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2020; Mar 5:1-8. doi: 10.2214/AJR.20.22975.
https://doi.org/10.2214/AJR.20.22975...
-33. Pan F, Ye T, Sun P, Gui S, Liang B, Li L, et al. Time course of lung changes on chest CT during recovery from 2019 novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pneumonia. Radiology. 2020; Feb 13:200370. doi: 10.1148/radiol.2020200370.
https://doi.org/10.1148/radiol.202020037...
. It has spread worldwide, with an increasing number of deaths11. Kanne JP. Chest CT findings in 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) infections from Wuhan, China: key points for the radiologist. Radiology. 2020; Feb 4:200241. doi: 10.1148/radiol.2020200241.
https://doi.org/10.1148/radiol.202020024...
-22. Zhou S, Wang Y, Zhu T, Xia L. CT features of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pneumonia in 62 patients in Wuhan, China. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2020; Mar 5:1-8. doi: 10.2214/AJR.20.22975.
https://doi.org/10.2214/AJR.20.22975...
. The main CT findings of COVID-19 pneumonia include predominantly peripheral ground-glass opacities, the crazy-paving pattern, and/or consolidation of the middle and lower lung regions, usually with bilateral and multilobar involvement11. Kanne JP. Chest CT findings in 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) infections from Wuhan, China: key points for the radiologist. Radiology. 2020; Feb 4:200241. doi: 10.1148/radiol.2020200241.
https://doi.org/10.1148/radiol.202020024...

2. Zhou S, Wang Y, Zhu T, Xia L. CT features of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pneumonia in 62 patients in Wuhan, China. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2020; Mar 5:1-8. doi: 10.2214/AJR.20.22975.
https://doi.org/10.2214/AJR.20.22975...
-33. Pan F, Ye T, Sun P, Gui S, Liang B, Li L, et al. Time course of lung changes on chest CT during recovery from 2019 novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pneumonia. Radiology. 2020; Feb 13:200370. doi: 10.1148/radiol.2020200370.
https://doi.org/10.1148/radiol.202020037...
. Nonetheless, normal chest CT findings do not exclude this diagnosis11. Kanne JP. Chest CT findings in 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) infections from Wuhan, China: key points for the radiologist. Radiology. 2020; Feb 4:200241. doi: 10.1148/radiol.2020200241.
https://doi.org/10.1148/radiol.202020024...
.

REFERENCES

  • 1
    Kanne JP. Chest CT findings in 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) infections from Wuhan, China: key points for the radiologist. Radiology. 2020; Feb 4:200241. doi: 10.1148/radiol.2020200241.
    » https://doi.org/10.1148/radiol.2020200241
  • 2
    Zhou S, Wang Y, Zhu T, Xia L. CT features of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pneumonia in 62 patients in Wuhan, China. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2020; Mar 5:1-8. doi: 10.2214/AJR.20.22975.
    » https://doi.org/10.2214/AJR.20.22975
  • 3
    Pan F, Ye T, Sun P, Gui S, Liang B, Li L, et al. Time course of lung changes on chest CT during recovery from 2019 novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pneumonia. Radiology. 2020; Feb 13:200370. doi: 10.1148/radiol.2020200370.
    » https://doi.org/10.1148/radiol.2020200370

Publication Dates

  • Publication in this collection
    03 Apr 2020
  • Date of issue
    2020

History

  • Received
    16 Mar 2020
  • Accepted
    27 Mar 2020
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