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Public policy implementation: analytical perspectives

Luciana Leite Lima Luciano D'Ascenzi About the authors

The paper has two interrelated objectives. The first is to systematize and analyze the literature on analytical models for public policies implementation. We identified two main models. One is operated based on the evaluation of independent variables related to the organizational hierarchy, focusing on the formulation process. The other emphasizes variables related to the characteristics of local areas of implementation and the performance of the implementing bureaucracies. Both models emphasize the material conditions for the development of the implementation process. Starting from this observation, the second objective is to propose an analytical model for the process of implementation of public policies based on the integration between the central variables of those models and those linked to the ideas, the values and the worldviews of the actors. This is about discussing the analytical models for public policies implementation in the light of specific literature and empirical research conducted by the authors on health and education policies. We found that elements of the local action contexts such as representations and values of the actors influenced the implementation of public policies, shaping their understanding of the social problem and how to confront it. The discussion contributes to the integration of public policies implementation analytical models and to their operationalization.

public policy; implementation; evaluation; street level bureaucracy; analytical model

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