Hepatitis C virus infection among pregnant women in Central-Western Brazil, 2005-2007

Clarice Souza Pinto Regina Maria Bringel Martins Sonia Maria Oliveira de Andrade Alcione Cavalheiro Faro Stief Roberto Dias de Oliveira Ana Rita Coimbra Motta de Castro About the authors

The study was aimed at estimating the prevalence of infection with and the genotype of hepatitis C virus (HCV), and to determine the extent of underreporting of HCV cases. A total of 115,386 pregnant women seen by the Program for Protection of Pregnancy [Programa Estadual de Proteção à Gestante] of the state of Mato Grosso do Sul, Central-Western Brazil, were tested for anti-HCV antibodies between 2005 and 2007. Prevalence of HCV infection was 1.07 cases per thousand. Positive samples were tested for HCV RNA and genotyped. Genotype 1 was detected in 73% of samples, genotype 3 in 24.3%, and genotype 2 in 2.7%. Underreporting of hepatitis C cases was 35.5%.

Pregnant Women; Hepatitis C, epidemiology; Hepacivirus; Seroepidemiologic Studies


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