Mechanical loads cause bone deformation leading to bone resorption and an increase in local bone formation. However, the stimulus for bone formation depends on the amount and frequency of bone deformation. High calcium intake is required to increase bone formation. There are also non-pharmacological treatments, such as electrical stimulation, low-intensity ultrasound, and laser, which revealed to promote osteogenesis. The article intends to evaluate non-pharmacological, alternative methods which assist in the increase of bone formation or in the osteogenic stimulus. A literature review was carried out for the period between 1982 to 2001.
Osteogenesis; Exercise; Calcium; Dietary; Nutrition; Electric stimulation; Ultrasonic Therapy; Lasers