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Effects of growth regulators and boric acid on lychee (Litchi chinensis Sonn.) cuttings

Interactions between indolebutyric, naphtalen acetic and boric acids were studied on "callus" development and survival in lychee (Litchi chinensis Sonn.) cuttings. The cuttings were twenty five cm long with four leaves cut in half and taken in two different periods (January and April) Styrofoam trays, with vermiculite as substratum kept under intermittent mist were used as rooting media. Cuttings were imersed up to 2.5 cm from the base in water solutions, for one minute. The treatments were: 5,000 and 2,000 ppm of IBA; 3,000 and 1,500 ppm of NAA; 150 micrograms/ml H3BO3; IBA 5,000 and 2,000 ppm plus H3BO3 150 micrograms/ml; NAA 3,000 and 1,500 ppm plus boron 150 micrograms/ml and II2O. "Callus" formation and cutting survival were evaluated 120 days after planting. It was concluded that no treatments were effective on root formation, however, "callus" formation was observed. The best period for taking the cuttings was April.

indolebutyric acid; naphtalen acetic acid; vegetative propagation

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