Total, free and amorphous iron and aluminium oxides were obtained from three acric Oxisols (two dusky-red latosol - LR and one Una variant latosol - LU) from the State of São Paulo, Brazil. These soils are in an advanced stage of weathering, having an effective CEC lower than 15 mmolc/kg clay. For all soils, the clay mineralogy was dominated by kaolinite and gibbsite, showing also some peaks of hidroxy-interlayered vermiculite. The LR had total, free and amorphous iron and aluminium contents higher than in the LU. In those soils, gibbsite represented more than 50% of iron free clay fraction of the Bw horizon, while in the LU the participation of kaolinite was higher (54% x 46%). In the Una variant latosol, with more intense yellow color, free aluminium represented 25% of the total, while in the LR it was 13%. The ratio specific surface area/free Fe-oxide was higher in the LU than in the dusky-red ones.
clay mineralogy; iron and aluminium oxides; acric Oxisols