Na, K, Mg and Ca concentrations of grape-vine rootstock in saline solution

In order to evaluate the tolerance of five grape-vine rootstock varieties ('IAC 766 Campinas', 'IAC 313 Tropical', 'IAC 572 Jales', '420-A' e 'Ripária do Traviú') in relation to salinity conditions, an experiment was conducted in a greenhouse using, five nutritient solutions with NaCl levels of 0, 5, 10, 15 and 20 mmol L-1. The concentrations of sodium, potassium, magnesium and calcium were determined in the shoot These varieties showed differentiated patterns regarding nutrient concentrations in the different plant compartments. The more sensitive ones '420-A' and 'IAC 313', allocated a large amount of Na to the leaves and presented restrictions to accumulate K, Mg and Ca in stems and leaves. The more tolerant, 'IAC 766', 'IAC 572' and 'Ripária do Traviú', presented a greater retention of Na in roots and stems, maintaining a small reduction of K, Mg and Ca concentrations in the other compartments.

grape-vine; rootstocks; salinity; tolerance; nutrient

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