Estimating leaf wetness duration over turfgrass, and in a 'Niagara Rosada' vineyard, in a subtropical environment

Estimativa da duração do período de molhamento sobre o gramado e em vinhedo de 'Niagara Rosada' em condição subtropical

Leaf wetness duration (LWD) is a key parameter in agrometeorology because it is related to plant disease occurrence. As LWD is seldomly measured in a standard weather station it must be estimated to run warning systems for schedule chemical disease control. The objective of the present study was to estimate LWD over turfgrass considering different models with data from a standard weather station, and to evaluate the correlation between estimated LWD over turfgrass and LWD measured in a 'Niagara Rosada' vineyard, cultivated in a hedgerow training system, in Jundiaí, São Paulo State, Brazil. The wetness sensors inside the vineyard were located at the top of the plants, deployed at an inclination angle of 45º and oriented southwest, with three replications. The methods used to estimate LWD were: number of hours with relative humidity above 90% (NHRH > 90%), dew point depression (DPD), classification and regression tree (CART) and Penman-Monteith (PM). The CART model had the best performance to estimate LWD over turfgrass, with a good precision (R² = 0.82) and a high accuracy (d = 0.94), resulting in a good confidence index (c = 0.85). The results from this model also presented a good correlation with measured LWD inside the vineyard, with a good precision (R² = 0.87) and a high accuracy (d = 0.96), resulting in a high confidence index (c = 0.93), showing that LWD in a 'Niagara Rosada' vineyard can be estimated with data from a standard weather station.

Vitis labrusca; LWD estimate; relative humidity; dew point temperature

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