What really matters in the Conditional Income Transfer Programs? Approaches in differents countries

Daiane Medeiros Roque Marco Aurélio Marques Ferreira About the authors

Abstract

Different social protection strategies have been used worldwide to combat hunger and promote social mobility. Among them, the Conditional Income Transfer Programs stands out because of its contractual design and governance structure, both of which have the promotion of positive behaviour of the individual, and not assistance, at their core. Therefore, families that participate in these programs receive, in general, certain financial amount intended to meet basic needs and contribute to the fulfilment of positive conditions imposed for their maintenance in the program. Knowledge of these conditions and noticing in which context investigation of these practices have been discussed in academic scenario makes it a factor of scientific and social relevance. With this drive, this study aimed to discuss the different designs of the policy in many countries. To achieve this, 50 scientific papers, from 28 countries were analysed, aiming to contextualize their methodologies and achievements. To perform this analysis, an exploratory study was carried out, using meta-study, using as reference the database of the World Bank, the electronic sites and articles published on the subject between the years of 2003 and 2011, with the goal to find under which point of view major income transfer programs worldwide have been studied. Among the main results, we should note the fact that, regardless of the country or conditional income transfer program considered keeping the children in school and attention health are key conditions for inclusion and maintenance of the family in the transfer system.

Public Administration; Conditional Income Transfer; Social Protection

Faculdade de Saúde Pública, Universidade de São Paulo. Associação Paulista de Saúde Pública. Av. dr. Arnaldo, 715, Prédio da Biblioteca, 2º andar sala 2, 01246-904 São Paulo - SP - Brasil, Tel./Fax: +55 11 3061-7880 - São Paulo - SP - Brazil
E-mail: saudesoc@usp.br