This essay presents the speech given by Ailton Krenak on March 25, 2020, at the PhD thesis’ defense of Nayara Scalco, advisee of Professor Marília Louvison, in the Graduate Program in Public Health, School of Public Health, University of São Paulo, plus excerpts from the lecture given at the International Seminar: Indigenous Health and Ecology of Knowledges in Facing Current Challenges: “It has to be our way”1 1 The International Seminar: Indigenous Health and Ecology of Knowledges in Facing Current Challenges: “It has to be our way,” held on March 26, 2019, is available at <https://bit.ly/3povjUR> and <https://bit.ly/3aspLoi>. , on March 26, 2019. In this context, it highlights the importance of a dialogue between different knowledges and how the Indigenous Health Care Subsystem is constituted. Focusing on the debate about the relationship between the Brazilian State and indigenous peoples since colonial times, based on the production of Epistemologies of the South that guides the discussion of the dissertation, it proposes rethinking health and care beyond biomedical knowledge.
Indigenous Health; Indigenous Health Care Subsystem; Public Policies; Epistemologies of the South