In 2009, the Supreme Court (STF) convened a Public Hearing to discuss the judicialization in health, in which 51 speeches were heard. Using a descriptive-analytical method, we aimed to systematize the speaker's arguments; to identify potential actions to overcome the problem; and to analyze what have been done since then. Public policies have failed in applying SUS principles in some individual levels and the judicialization should be seen as an exceptional instrument, not the rule of the system. The principal proposals adopted were: the use of scientific evidence in decision making (Executive and Judiciary) and the sustainability of health funding. In both cases there have been significant advances.
Health policy; Judicialization; Right to health; Judicial power; Unified Health System