Burnout-related factors in health professionals during the Covid-19 pandemic: an integrative review

Juliana Pontes Soares Nathalia Hanany Silva de Oliveira Tatiana de Medeiros Carvalho Mendes Samara da Silva Ribeiro Janete Lima de Castro About the authors

ABSTRACT

The outbreak of the new coronavirus pandemic has increased the workload on health professionals, who have been subjected to circumstances of great physical and psychological stress that can lead to the development of burnout. This study aimed to understand the effects and consequences of working during the Covid-19 pandemic on the mental health of healthcare workers and factors that may be associated with the development of burnout syndrome. This is an integrative review performed on the PubMed, Cinahl, Scopus, Embase and VHL databases, using the descriptors: “health personnel”, “burnout, professional”, and “Covid-19”, with the Boolean operator AND. The initial search resulted in 229 articles, and after the application of inclusion and exclusion criteria, the final sample consisted of 12 articles. Through the Descending Hierarchical Classification, performed by the IRaMuTeQ, software, a dendrogram with 6 classes was obtained, named ‘Nursing professionals and female gender’, ‘Experience in health work’, ‘Work overload and uncertainties about the future’, ‘Age of professionals’, ‘Fear of infection and transmission’, ‘Front line in the fight against the pandemic’. It was evidenced that profes- sional experience, working conditions, financial situation, relationship between work and family, fear of contamination and transmission of the disease were the main factors associated with the development of burnout in health professionals.

KEYWORDS
Burnout; psychological; Health personnel; Covid-19

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